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Naples

One of the most important ancient Mediterranean port cities, Naples was already a vibrant cultural and commercial centre centuries before the fall of the Roman Empire. In the 6th century ...

Naples

Naples   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
4 words

... . See Neapolis (ii)...

Naples

Naples   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
13 words

... 1881: 55; Midlothian; London. Italian, English: locative name from Naples in...

Naples

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Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , the capital of the former kingdom of Naples and Sicily in Italy, is ruled by Alonso in The Tempest . René, Duke of Anjou, has the title of King of Naples in the Henry VI plays. Anne...

Naples

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S. R. Epstein

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...explains why centralized demand from metropolitan Naples did not have more positive consequences for market integration and growth. Bibliography Bentley, Jerry H. Politics and Culture in Renaissance Naples . Princeton, 1987. Chorley, Patrick . Oil, Silk, and Enlightment: Economic Problems in XVIIIth Century Naples . Naples, 1965. Davis, John A. Merchants, Monopolists, and Contractors: A Study of Economic Activity and Society in Bourbon Naples, 1815–1860 . New York, 1981. Imbruglia, Girolamo , ed. Naples in the Eighteenth Century: The Birth and Death of a...

Naples

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Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
30 words

... US frequency (2010): 2463 Americanized form of Italian Napoli or Spanish and Portuguese Nápoles (see Napoles ). Some characteristic forenames: Italian Angelo, Rocco, Caesar, Carlo, Carmine, Dante, Domenic,...

Naples

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Kristina Sessa

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... (ancient Neapolis ) City in south-central Italy on the Bay of Naples, whose population in Late Antiquity fluctuated between 10,000 and 20,000. Located in Campania c. 25 km (15 miles) west of Mount Vesuvius, Naples was affected by a serious volcanic eruption in 472. Civic history Founded as a Greek colony in the 5th century bc , Naples was a relatively minor Roman city, due in large part to the commercial dominance of nearby Puteoli. But with Puteoli’s decline from the 4th century , Naples emerged as the most politically and culturally...

Naples

Naples   Reference library

Hanneke Wilson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Vesuvius, which were sold to other parts of Italy by the merchants of Naples and Salerno. In addition, Naples sold calabrian wines to Aragón and the Balearic islands. All this made Naples the most important Mediterranean wine-trading port in the 14th century, yet, because of its many changes of regime and its severance from Sicily in 1282 , Naples never became a political or economic power to match the northern city states. Geographically it was far better placed than venice and genoa to conduct the lucrative trade in Aegean wines and other luxury...

Naples

Naples   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan, R. Bruce Hitchner, and Dale Kinney

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
535 words

...to Naples from the Near East and Africa declined during the later 5th and 6th C. Naples suffered during the Gothic war of Justinian I . In Nov. 536 Belisarios captured and sacked the city; subsequently it was besieged by Totila and surrendered in 543 . After Narses ' victory over Teia (end of 552), Naples and its region came under the control of Constantinople. The city was threatened by the Lombards, who appeared at its walls in 581 but could not capture it. According to Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos ( De adm. imp. 27.49), Naples, as well...

Naples

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
1,098 words

...of Naples. Giovanna died in 1435 , at which point René d'Anjou was the prisoner of Philip the good . René's wife Isabella claimed the inheritance of Naples on behalf of her husband, and in 1438 René joined her in Naples. In 1441 Alfonso V of Aragon besieged Naples, and six months later captured and sacked the city. René returned to France, and thereafter his claim to the throne of Naples was only nominal. At the conclusion of the war Alfonso entered Naples in triumph on 26 February 1443 , and until 1458 ruled over a united kingdom of Naples and...

Naples

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
71 words

... ( Napoli ) City on the Bay of Naples, s Italy; capital of Campania . Founded in c .600 bc as a Greek colony, it was conquered by Rome in the 4th century bc . Successively ruled by the Byzantines, Normans, Spanish and Austrians, it became the capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1734 , joining the Kingdom of Italy in 1860 . Industries: textiles, leather, steel, shipbuilding, aircraft, telecommunications, tourism. Pop. ( 2000 )...

Naples

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Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
93 words

...Naples ( Napoli ) A city and port on the Bay of Naples, on the west coast of southern Italy, capital of the region of Campania. Founded as a Greek settlement about 600 bc and conquered by Rome in the fourth century bc , it was successively ruled by the Byzantines, Normans, and Spanish. In 1734 it became capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies before joining the Kingdom of Italy in 1860 . The city’s historic buildings are popular with tourists. Textiles remain an important industry. Population ( 2011 ) 962,000. Neil...

Naples

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Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
239 words

... beguiled George Eliot and G. H. *Lewes on their Italian tour of 1860 : ‘Once at Naples in delicious weather, the temptation to spend an additional week there for the sake of seeing at our leisure Salerno, Paestum, Amalfi, and Sorrento was made all the stronger because we both needed that more quiet pleasure for our health's sake, after the excitement of Rome’ ( L iii. 301). They were based in Naples from 30 April to 15 May 1860 , enjoying the natural beauty of the scenery as well as antiquities. Pompeii was undoubtedly the highlight, and they went...

Naples

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,517 words

... . Italian city . The largest and most important city in South Italy , Naples is situated on the Bay of Naples, overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea, to the west of Mt Vesuvius. 1. Hardstones. 2. Porcelain. 3. Tapestry. 1. Hardstones . The Real Laboratorio delle Pietre Dure was established in 1738 by Charles VII , King of Naples (later Charles III of Spain ). He brought to Naples ten Florentine craftsmen who were experts in carving and working hardstones into mosaics. Francesco Ghinghi headed the Neapolitan Laboratorio from its foundation until his...

Naples

Naples (Italy, USA)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Naples , Italy, USA Italy (Campania): in Italian, Napoli. According to legend, the first Greek settlement was named Partenope after the dead siren Partenope ‘Maiden Face’, who threw herself into the sea and whose body was washed ashore after her song had been heard by Odysseus. In c. 600 bc the Greek Neapolis ‘New City’ from neos ‘new’ and polis was founded and the conventional English name comes from this. The city gives its name to the bay here, Golfo di Napoli. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Naples (also known at various times as the Kingdom...

Naples

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
797 words

... invasions progressed southward along the Italian peninsula. After the fall of *Ravenna in 751 , Naples existed as a semi-independent *city-state that answered to the Byzantine *patriciate of Sicily but maintained relationships with *Rome as well. In 840 , Pope Sergius II established the dynastic rule that gave the area the title of ‘duchy of Naples ’. Throughout this period of independence, Naples profited greatly from both intensified trade with *Arabia and the fact that its neighbours were in a nearly constant state of mutual aggression....

Naples

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
10,301 words
Illustration(s):
1

...al Settecento (Naples, 1965) G. Galasso : Mezzogiorno medievale e moderno (Torino, 1965) G. Russo : Napoli come città (Naples, 1966) N. Cilento : Civiltà napoletana del Medioevo nei secoli VI–XIII (Naples, 1969) C. De Seta : Storia della città di Napoli (Rome and Bari, 1973) V. Gleijeses : La storia di Napoli: Dalle origini ai nostri giorni (Naples, 1974) G. Doria : Storia di una capitale. Napoli dalle origini al 1860 (Naples, 1975) Storia di Napoli, 10 vols (Naples, 1975–81) A. Ryder : The Kingdom of Naples under Alfonso the...

Naples

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,216 words

...in Renaissance Naples . Princeton, 1987. Analyzes the cultural history of Naples in its political context. Calabria, Antonio , and John A. Marino , eds. Good Government in Spanish Naples . New York, 1990. Translations of six important articles on the political, social, economic, and cultural history of Spanish Naples. Cantimori, Delio . Italian Heretics of the Sixteenth Century . 3d ed. Translated by Hilary A. Smith . Cambridge, Mass., 1979. Thoughtful survey of Italian reformers, including Neapolitans and others who lived in Naples. Cochrane, Eric . ...

Naples

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Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,093 words
Illustration(s):
1

... The oldest town in Italy after Cumae, itself situated near Naples in Campania. Succeeding the old Parthenope, known from c. 700 BC, the city of “Neapolis” was founded by Greek colonists two centuries later. Conquered in 327 bc by the Romans, they made it a town of culture and luxury. Taken by the Ostrogoths , then by the Byzantines, Naples remained under the latter's authority from 544 to 1137 , forming a sort of autonomous republic within a Byzantine duchy cut off from the rest of Italy by the Lombards . Naples was then a port of coastal...

Naples

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Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,596 words

...a leading part in the establishment, at the University of Naples in 1754 , of the first European chair in “trade and mechanics,” whose first incumbent was Antonio Genovesi ( 1712–1769 ). In 1758 , Carlo di Borbone left Naples for Spain, where he succeeded his half-brother, Ferdinand VI , as King Charles III . His young son, Ferdinand , remained as king in Naples, with Tanucci as regent. Tanucci continued the reforms along regalist and jurisdictionalist lines, expelling the Jesuits from Naples in 1767 as part of the Bourbon attack on the Society of...

Naples

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The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,223 words

...lived in the South for many years); and in the second half of the century Naples produced some of the more original Italian writers of the day ( Della Porta , Bruno , Campanella , Marino ). [ Eric Haywood ] See Storia di Napoli (1967–78); J. H. Bentley , Politics and Culture in Renaissance Naples (1987); F. Tateo , L'umanesimo meridionale (1976). 2. 1600 onwards In the early 17th c. marinismo and dialect literature ( Cortese and Basile ) both flourished in Naples. In the 18th c. a thriving civic, political, and philosophical culture of...

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