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Mycenae

An ancient city in Greece, situated near the coast in the NE Peloponnese, the centre of the late Bronze Age Mycenaean civilization. The capital of King Agamemnon, it was at its most ...

Mycenae

Mycenae (Greece)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Mycenae , Greece A prehistoric city, now in ruins, said to have been named by its legendary founder, Perseus, after Mycene, a nymph of Laconia....

Mycenae

Mycenae   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... Mycenae was the city in Greece founded at least as early as the third millennium b.c.e. It is a city of massive Cyclopean gates and walls that gave its name to what we now call the Mycenaean stage of Greek civilization, a stage deeply influenced by Minoan civilization. It is believed that the Mycenaeans eventually overpowered the Minoans. The great legendary king of Mycenae was Agamemnon , a member of the cursed House of Atreus and the leader of the Greek alliance that fought against Troy in the Trojan ...

Mycenae

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
68 words

... Ancient city in Greece, 11km (7mi) n of modern Argos, which gave its name to the Mycenaean civilization . Dating from the third millennium bc Mycenae was at its cultural peak between c .1580 bc and 1120 bc . It was destroyed in the 5th century bc . Later restored, by the 2nd century ad it was once more in ruins. Heinrich Schliemann discovered the ruins of Mycenae in 1874–76...

Mycenae

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... , an ancient city in Argolis, the northeast coast of the Peloponnesian Peninsula of mainland Greece. Classical Greek legend credited the founding of Mycenae to Perseus , the descendant of Aegyptus and his brother Danaus ; they had emigrated from Egypt to the Aegean several generations earlier. Thus Mycenae was from its very beginnings linked mythologically to Egypt. Archaeological evidence for contacts between Egypt and Mycenae indicates that they were in contact, indirectly at first, then directly, from the beginning of the second millennium bce to...

Mycenae

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... An ancient city in southern Greece. In the late Bronze Age, between about 1400 and 1200 bc it was at the height of its powers, and held sway over much of the eastern Mediterranean. The Mycenaeans spoke an early form of Greek, preserved in a script known as linear b . Their best-known king was agamemnon...

Mycenae

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Oliver T. P. K. Dickinson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
838 words

...(3). But little genuine tradition of its importance survived: the prominence of Mycenae in Homer is not matched in the other legends, which consistently allot greater antiquity and importance to Argos. GAC A 1; LH Citadels , 23 ff.; G. Karo , Die Schachtgräber von Mykenai (1930–3); A. J. B. Wace , Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (1932), Mycenae (1949), and (with others) in E. B. French (ed.), Excavations at Mycenae 1939–1955 (1980); G. E. Mylonas , Grave Circle B of Mycenae (1973, in Greek), Proc. Brit. Acad. 1981, 307 ff.; S. Iakovidis , BICS 1977,...

Mycenae

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
2,714 words
Illustration(s):
3

...B. Wace and others: Excavations at Mycenae , Annu. Brit. Sch. Athens , xxv (1921–3) [whole vol.] G. Karo : Die Schachtgräber von Mykenai (Munich, 1930–33) A. J. B. Wace : Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (Oxford, 1932) A. J. B. Wace : Mycenae: An Archaeological History and Guide (Princeton, 1949) G. E. Mylonas : Ancient Mycenae: The Capital City of Agamemnon (Princeton, 1957) A. J. B. Wace : Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (Princeton, 1966) A. J. B. Wace : O Taphikos Kyklos B ton Mykenon [Grave Circle B at Mycenae] (Athens, 1973) [Eng. summary] W. D....

Mycenae

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,517 words
Illustration(s):
2

... [ This entry includes two subentries, a historical overview and a discussion of the archaeology of Mycenae .] Historical Overview Mycenae, an ancient site located in the Argolid region of the Peloponnesus, is most famous in modern scholarship as the most prominent of the Late Bronze Age cities on the Greek mainland. Flourishing from circa 1700–1200 bce , during the period that archaeologists call the Middle and Late Bronze Age, Mycenae was considered by later Greeks to have been ruled by the legendary Agamemnon , the Mycenaean king of kings. In ...

Mȳcē'nae

Mȳcē'nae   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
873 words

... ( My̆kēnai , Mykēnē ) An ancient Greek city situated around a rocky hill in the north-east corner of the plain of Argos in the Peloponnese. According to Greek myth it was founded by Perseus (1) and was subsequently the kingdom of the Homeric hero Agamemnon who led the Greek army during the Trojan War: Homer calls it ‘rich in gold’. In 468 bc , however, Mycenae was destroyed by Argos and never successfully reinhabited. The very considerable ruins were visited in the second century ad by Pausanias (2), who commented upon the graves, the...

Mycenae, Greece

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
477 words

...that Circle A pre‐dates the late Helladic prominence of Mycenae and the burials in it are thus too early for Schliemann's interpretation. A second royal grave circle, Circle B, was discovered and excavated by J. Papadimitriou and George Mylonas in 1952 , outside the citadel walls to the west. It was found to be slightly earlier than Circle A, dating to the 16th century bc , and with sixteen graves, slightly less richly appointed than those of Circle A. Later members of the royal family of Mycenae, those associated with the use of the citadel, were buried...

Mycenae

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
141 words

... • Annie , ca'canny, canny, cranny, Danny, fanny, granny, nanny, tranny • Ariadne , Evadne • daphne • Agni , Cagney • acne , Arachne, hackney • hootenanny • Afghani , ani, Armani, Azerbaijani, Barney, biriani, blarney, Carney, frangipani, Fulani, Galvani, Giovanni, Hindustani, Killarney, maharani, Mbabane, Modigliani, Omani, Pakistani, Rafsanjani, Rajasthani, rani, sarnie • McCartney • antennae , any, Benny, blenny, Dene, fenny, jenny, Kenny, Kilkenny, Lenny, many, penne, penny, Rennie • catchpenny • pinchpenny • pyrotechny • Bahraini ,...

Mycenae

Mycenae   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... an ancient city in Greece, situated near the coast in the NE Peloponnese, the centre of the late Bronze Age Mycenaean civilization. The capital of King Agamemnon, it was at its most prosperous in the period c. 1400–1200 bc , which saw construction of the palace and the massive walls of Cyclopean masonry, including the ‘Lion Gate’, the entrance to the citadel ( c. 1250 bc ). Systematic excavation of the site began in 1840 , although the major discoveries were made by Heinrich Schliemann in the 1870s. The Myceneans controlled the Aegean after the...

Mycenae

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Mycenae

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Mycenae

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
90 words
Mycenae

Mycenae   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
96 words
Mycenae

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
97 words
Mycenae

Mycenae  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An ancient city in Greece, situated near the coast in the NE Peloponnese, the centre of the late Bronze Age Mycenaean civilization. The capital of King Agamemnon, it was at its most prosperous in the ...
3 The Ancient Book

3 The Ancient Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...on a number of surfaces in two distinct types of pictogram, then in two cursive syllabic scripts. Linear A, found mostly in Crete in the 17 th and 16 th centuries bc , was engraved on stone, metal, and clay pottery. From around 1600 to 1200 bc mainland cities like Mycenae and Pylos rose to power as well, producing an official script, Linear B, that was related to Linear A but different from it. When the Mycenean civilization was destroyed around 1200 bc , the knowledge of writing perished with it. Around the middle of the 8 th century bc , the...

George Mylonas

George Mylonas  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1898–1988) [Bi]Greek archaeologist best known for his excavations at Mycenae. Born at Smyrna, he studied archaeology at Athens University. After serving in the Greek army against the Turks in 1922 ...

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