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Mohammad Natsir

Subject: Religion

(d. 1993) Indonesian intellectual, writer, nationalist, journalist, and politician. Held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural tradition of classical Islam was ...

Natsir, Mohammad

Natsir, Mohammad   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Mohammad . Mohammad Natsir ( 1908–1993 )was an Indonesian intellectual , journalist , and politician . Natsir was among the first Indonesians to receive a modern European education. He attended Dutch primary and secondary schools where he acquired a solid grounding in European philosophy as well as fluency in Dutch and English. Like most educated Indonesians of his generation, Natsir was a fervent nationalist; he was also a Muslim idealist. Like the Egyptian reformer Muḥammad ʿAbduh , Natsir held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural...

Natsir, Mohammad

Natsir, Mohammad (1993)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
119 words

...Natsir, Mohammad (d. 1993 ) Indonesian intellectual, writer, nationalist, journalist, and politician. Held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural tradition of classical Islam was essential for the modernization of Muslim societies. Understood the nation-state as a tool for constructing Islamic society. Emphasized the relationship between a just society and the rewards of heaven, using the Quran and Muhammad 's example as a sociological model for achieving both. Devoted in his younger years to Indonesian nationalism, development, and the struggle...

Mohammad Natsir

Mohammad Natsir  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1993)Indonesian intellectual, writer, nationalist, journalist, and politician. Held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural tradition of classical Islam was essential for the ...
Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah

Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
569 words

...Dakwah Islamiyah . Also known as the Indonesian Propagation Council or DDII, founded in 1967 by former Prime Minister Mohammad Natsir and others from the then-banned (1960) Islamic modernist Indonesia Masyumi Party (Majelis Sjuro Muslimin Indonesia or Council of Indonesian Muslim Associations). Key members of the DDII's early leadership had roots in the Masyumi, and the relationship between party members and the DDII lasted for several decades. The DDII purposely did not join other dakwah organizations. Unable to be active in politics and rejected in its...

Masyumi Party

Masyumi Party   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
722 words

...government coalitions and the Masyumi displayed its willingness to work with non Islamic partners. It participated in five of the six ruling party coalitions and held a succession of cabinet posts, including three prime ministerships, and included such notables as Mohammad Natsir and Mohammad Hatta, who later became vice president. These Masyumi-led governments were in power prior to national elections that were first held in 1955. The results of that vote displayed both the general fragmentation of the electorate and the divisions within the Islamic...

Anwar Ibrahim

Anwar Ibrahim   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...has consistently stressed social and economic justice, attention to education and youths, civil society, and moderate Islam. He is influenced by such intellectuals as Syed Naquib al-Attas , Ismāʿīl al-Fārūqī , Yusuf al-Qardhawi , Ḥasan al-Turābī , Malek Bennabi , and Mohammad Natsir . He also shows familiarity with such varied writers as Ibn Khaldūn , Muḥammed al-Ghazālī , Karl Popper , Frantz Fanon , R. G. Collingwood , Malcolm X , Edward Said , and Francis Fukiyama . In the mid-1990s, Anwar came increasingly to be known for promotion of...

Nurcholish Madjid

Nurcholish Madjid   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...view of the spirit of Islam, are not properly religious. During this period Nurcholish was influenced by two American scholars: the sociologist Robert Bellah and the theologian Harvey Cox. Older , sharīʿah -centered Indonesian modernists, including Nurcholish's mentor Mohammad Natsir , were outraged. In numerous publications Nurcholish emphasized the concept of Islamic brotherhood and attempted to extend the boundaries of the Muslim community as broadly as possible. He was a strident opponent of all forms of sectarianism. In his dissertation and in...

Islamism and Party Politics in Indonesia

Islamism and Party Politics in Indonesia   Reference library

Dirk Tomsa

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
8,598 words

...A recent debate. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies , 36 (3), 419–440. IPAC . (2018). After Ahok: The Islamist agenda in Indonesia (Report No. 44). Jakarta, Indonesia: Author. Kahin, A. (2012). Islam, nationalism and democracy: A political biography of Mohammad Natsir . Singapore, SG: NUS Press. Kalyvas, S. (2000). Commitment problems in emerging democracies: The case of religious parties. Comparative Politics , 32 (4), 379–398. Kompas . (2008). PKS juga punya caleg non-Muslim. Kramer, E. (2014). A fall from grace? “Beef-Gate” and...

Indonesia

Indonesia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,460 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Muslims.” The postwar era has seen a proliferation of Muslim organizations, tracts, magazines, study groups, and lectures seeking to bring Indonesians a better understanding of Islam. An Indonesian Islamic Dahwah Council was formed in 1967 , led by former Masjumi leader Mohammad Natsir, and there has been considerable recent cooperation among individual Muslims from disparate organizations such as the Muhammadiyah and Nahdatul Ulama. It would be an oversimplification to divide Indonesian Islam sharply between modernists and traditionalists. There is general...

Chronology

Chronology   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
15,368 words

...Istanbul to Medina 1908 First modern school of fine arts established in Cairo 1908 Durrīyah Shafīq (d. 1976), Egyptian scholar, teacher, journalist, and feminist activist 1908 Hamka (Hajji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah; d. 1981), Indonesian religious scholar and writer 1908 Mohammad Natsir (d. 1993), Indonesian intellectual, journalist, and politician 1908 To 1912: Young Turk Constitutional period 1908 To 1918: Young Turk era and rise of Pan-Turanism (Pan-Turkism) 1909 First public cinema screening in Baghdad 1909 İttihad-i Muhammadi Cemiyeti founded as...

Women and Social Reform

Women and Social Reform   Reference library

Mervat Hatem, Heba Raouf Ezzat, Shahla Haeri, Valentine M. Moghadam, Susan Schaefer Davis, Leila Hessini, Stephanie Willman Bordat, Anita M. Weiss, Sharon Siddique, and Farjana Mahbuba

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
15,123 words

...and Culture: Between Malay Adat and Islam . Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1992. Keddie, Nikki R. “Islam and Society in Minangkabau and in the Middle East: Comparative Reflections.” Sojourn 2, no. 1 (February 1987): 1–30. Muhammad, Husein , Faqihuddin Abdul Kodir , Lies Marcoes Natsir , and Marzuki Wahid , eds. Dawrah Fiqh Concerning Women: Manual for a Course on Islam and Gender . Translated by Marlene Indro Nugroho-Heins. Cirebon, Indonesia: Fahmina Institute, 2006. Mulia, Siti Musdah . Islam dan Inspirasi Kesetaraan Gender . Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Kibar,...

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