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Mircea Eliade

Subject: Religion

(1907–1986) Romanian born historian of religions whose early research was into religious experience in Hindu traditions, especially yoga. From 1928–31 he was a student of ...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea   Reference library

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Mircea Mircea Eliade was a scholar of world religions and the original classifier of cosmogonic myths into the basic types. Eliade sees the creation myth—the myth of chaos transformed into cosmos—as the essential human myth, the myth of existence...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

..., Mircea Mircea Eliade ( 1907–1986 ) was one of the twentieth century's leading scholars of religion and mythology. Like Émile Durkheim , Georges Dumézil , and their followers, he is concerned in his work with the relationship between the sacred and the profane. The sacred is revealed in symbols, myths, and rituals— archetypal structures that carry us back to illud tempus (“that time” or “myth time”) and the essence of who we are as cultures and as a species. In the sacred we find the source of our identity, the source of whatever significance we...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea (1907–86)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,483 words

...in Mircea Eliade (New York, 1988). Allen, Douglas , and Denis Doeing . Mircea Eliade: An Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1980). Baird, Robert D. “Phenomenological Understanding: Mircea Eliade,” in Category Formation and the History of Religion (The Hague, 1971). Cave, John D. Mircea Eliade’s Vision for a New Humanism (Oxford, 1992). Devi, Maitreyi . It Does Not Die. A Romance (Calcutta, 1976; Chicago, 1994). Dudley, Guilford, III . Religion on Trial: Mircea Eliade and His Critics (Philadelphia, 1977). Handoca, Mircea . Mircea Eliade:...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea (1907–86)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
139 words

..., Mircea ( 1907–86 ). Advocate of what is called ‘history of religions’, which in his case is better seen as an attempt to discern elemental, timeless, patterns of religious life. Religion is taken to be the manifestation of ‘Being’. Symbolic forms, redolent of the sacred, are influenced by historical circumstances but are not themselves the product of history. The task is to use the comparative method to arrive at what is constant; to arrive at what goes beyond the contingencies of time. Working with a model of the human as homo religiosus , of the human...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea (1907–1986)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
807 words

...in 1954 by the Bollengen Foundation (Pantheon Press / Princeton University Press) as The Myth of the Eternal Return. Eliade, Mircea . The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion . New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1959. Eliade, Mircea . Patterns in Comparative Religion . London and New York: Sheed and Ward, 1958. Rennie, Bryan . Reconstructing Eliade . Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. See also: Religious Studies and Environmental...

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea (1907–1986)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
104 words

..., Mircea ( 1907–1986 ) Romanian born historian of religions whose early research was into religious experience in Hindu traditions, especially yoga . From 1928–31 he was a student of Sanskrit and Indian philosophy at the University of Calcutta, following which he spent six months in an āśram at Rishikesh . Returning to Bucharest, he completed his PhD thesis, which was subsequently translated into English ( 1954 ) as Yoga: Immortality and Freedom . He continued his academic career in Romania, Paris, and Chicago, publishing widely and...

Mircea Eliade

Mircea Eliade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1907–1986)Romanian born historian of religions whose early research was into religious experience in Hindu traditions, especially yoga. From 1928–31 he was a student of Sanskrit and Indian ...
Long, Charles H.

Long, Charles H.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A student of the myth and religion scholar Mircea Eliade (see also Eliade, Mircea), Charles H. Long is the author of Alpha: The Myths of Creation. In this work he ...
Australian Poetry

Australian Poetry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The task facing people settling into a hitherto unknown place is not merely economic. They also need to imagine themselves into existence, to transform “chaos” into “cosmos,” as Mircea Eliade ...
Thomas Jonathan Jackson Altizer

Thomas Jonathan Jackson Altizer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–)Thomas J. J. Altizer was born on 28 September 1927 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and grew up in Charleston, West Virginia. He is a descendant and namesake of Confederate general ...
Ontological myths

Ontological myths  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ontology is the branch of philosophy concerned with being. An ontological myth is one that explores the nature of existence, of ultimate reality. It might be argued that all religious ...
New mythology

New mythology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Mythologists are always asked about myth today. If, as Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, Mircea Eliade, and others have claimed, mythical consciousness and mythmaking are so important to our individual and ...
Langdon Brown Gilkey

Langdon Brown Gilkey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1919–)Langdon Gilkey was born on 9 February 1919 in Chicago, Illinois. His father, Charles Gilkey, was a theological liberal and the first Dean of the Chapel at the University ...
Deity concept

Deity concept  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Deities are metaphors for— cultural dreams of—our ultimate progenitors, and psychology has taught us how important our mental depictions and memories of our parents are to any real understanding of ...
Comparative mythology

Comparative mythology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
To study comparative mythology is to study myth as a philological, religious, psychological, or philosophical phenomenon, usually by way by way of explicit or implicit comparisons of mythologies or ...
eternal return

eternal return  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The image of cycles in which the universe returns to re-enact exactly the same course of events is common to many religions, and was a theme of much Greek thought, including that of the Stoics. ...
Ernst Cassirer

Ernst Cassirer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1874–1945)German Neo-Kantian, who resigned as Rector of Hamburg University in 1933, and subsequently taught at various universities in England and the United States. His main ambition was to develop ...
shaman

shaman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[De]An individual believed to have special magical powers; a sorcerer or witch doctor. A medicine man in ‘primitive’ societies, often with supernatural powers, who was capable of healing or harming.
Paul Tillich

Paul Tillich  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1886–1965)US theologian and philosopher, born in Germany, whose work addressed the crucial implications for Christianity raised by existentialist philosophers of the twentieth century and who ...
myth criticism

myth criticism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The study of both myths as literature and literature as myths—in the former case, myths are read for their own specific literary merit and as historical precursors to later literary texts (Sophocles' ...

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