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Minoan civilization

The bronze age civilization of Crete (c.3500–1100 bc). The term ‘Minoan’ (after Minos) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to distinguish the prehistoric culture of Crete revealed in his ...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
10 words

... civilization ( see facing page...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
52 words

... civilization , the bronze age civilization of Crete ( c. 3500–1100 bc ). The term ‘Minoan’ (after Minos ) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to distinguish the prehistoric culture of Crete revealed in his excavations beginning in 1900 at Cnossus from the Mycenaean civilization revealed by Schliemann on the Greek...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
86 words

... civilization Ancient Aegean civilization that flourished c .3000– c .1100 bc on the island of Crete, named after the legendary King Minos . The Minoan period divides into three main eras: Early ( c .3000– c .2100 bc ), Middle ( c .2100– c .1550 bc ), and Late ( c .1550– c .1100 bc ). In terms of artistic achievement and power, Minoan civilization peaked in the Late period. The prosperity of Bronze Age Crete is evident from the works of art and palaces excavated at Knossos , Phaistos, and other sites. Its empire was based on trade and...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
144 words

... civilization The earliest civilization on European soil, centred on Crete ( c . 3000–1100 bc ), it was first revealed by the excavations of Sir Arthur Evans, who gave it its name, based on the legendary King Minos. It had reached its zenith by the beginning of the late Bronze Age, extending over the islands of the south Aegean while its wares were exported to Cyprus, Syria, and Egypt. Urban centres were dominated by palaces such as those at Knossos, Mallia, Phaistos, and Zakro. Divided into two periods by a devastating earthquake that occurred c ....

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Reference library

John Bennet

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,502 words

... civilization , the bronze age civilization of Crete ( c. 3500–1100 bc ). See also religion, minoan and mycenaean . The term ‘Minoan’ (after the legendary Minos ) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to distinguish the prehistoric culture of Crete revealed in his excavations beginning in 1900 at the site of Cnossus (Κνωσσός) from the Mycenaean civilization revealed by Schliemann on the Greek mainland. Evans, using the pottery styles found at Cnossus divided the civilization into three phases, early, middle, and late Minoan (EM, MM, LM), a scheme...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization   Reference library

John Bennet

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,143 words
Illustration(s):
1

... civilization , the bronze age civilization of Crete ( c . 3500–1100 bc ). The term ‘Minoan’ (after the legendary Cretan King Minos) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to distinguish the prehistoric culture of Crete revealed in his excavations beginning in 1900 at the site of Cnossus ( Knōssos ) from the Mycenaean civilization revealed by Schliemann on the Greek mainland. Evans, using the pottery styles found at Cnossus divided the civilization into three phases, early, middle, and late Minoan (EM, MM, LM), a scheme subsequently refined to produce...

Minoan civilization

Minoan civilization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The bronze age civilization of Crete (c.3500–1100 bc). The term ‘Minoan’ (after Minos) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to distinguish the prehistoric culture of Crete revealed in his excavations ...
3 The Ancient Book

3 The Ancient Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...lost works have survived in *florilegia , but what has perished is still immeasurable: over 95 per cent of Sappho, over 90 per cent of Sophocles, and almost all astronomical works prior to Ptolemy, for example. Writing in ancient Greece evolved through several forms. The Minoan civilization on Crete was contemporary with those in Mesopotamia and Egypt and similar to them in many ways, producing writing on a number of surfaces in two distinct types of pictogram, then in two cursive syllabic scripts. Linear A, found mostly in Crete in the 17 th and 16 th ...

Aegean Bronze Age Civilizations

Aegean Bronze Age Civilizations  

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For the art produced during the Greek Bronze Age (c. 3600–c. 1100bc) on Crete see Minoan, in the Cyclades see Cycladic, and on the Greek mainland see Helladic. The Mycenaean civilization is covered ...
peak sanctuary

peak sanctuary  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]Type of Minoan cult centre lacking in monument architecture where votive offerings were made.
pillar crypt

pillar crypt  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A subterranean room in a Minoan house or palace which contains one or two stone pillars. Although the pillars are clearly structural, the fact that some carried sacred symbols led Arthur Evans to ...
Pseira

Pseira  

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Minoan town on an island of the same name off the north-east coast of Crete, in the Gulf of Mirabello; it was first excavated by Richard Seager in 1906–7. A ...
religion, Minoan and Mycenaean

religion, Minoan and Mycenaean  

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Bronze age Cretan (Minoan) religion assumed what we may take to be its canonical form with the second palaces in the middle bronze age. From the latter half of the ...
Aegean Cultures

Aegean Cultures  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
OverviewCycladic CultureMinoan CultureHelladic (Mycenaean) CultureMycenaeOverviewCycladic CultureMinoan CultureHelladic (Mycenaean) CultureMycenaeThe Bronze Age civilizations of the Aegean basin, ...
Minoan mythology

Minoan mythology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The culture of Crete was apparently goddess centered. The name Minos, perhaps “Moon Man,” seems to have been applied to all Cretan kings beginning about 2000 b.c.e., when Minoan civilization ...
Vapheio cup

Vapheio cup  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A type of Mycenaean drinking vessel, named after the find of two gold examples in a tholos burial at Vapheio, near Sparta, southern Greece. A Vapheio cup has a flat base, straight flaring sides, ...
double axe

double axe  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A shaft‐hole axe with a symmetrically set cutting blade at either end, found in stone, copper, and bronze in prehistoric Europe. In Minoan Crete the double axe was an extremely common religious ...
Tiryns, Greece

Tiryns, Greece  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A strongly fortified Mycenaean settlement and palace in southern Greece. The site was investigated by Heinrich Schliemann intermittently between 1876 and 1885. Although the site was occupied ...
Mochlos

Mochlos  

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Overview Page
Tiny island off the north coast of Crete on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Mirabello. The island was almost certainly joined to the mainland by a narrow isthmus ...
Mesara

Mesara  

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Region in southern central Crete that flourished in the Bronze Age. One of the most fertile parts of Crete, this flat alluvial plain is about 50 km east–west, but never ...

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