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Metz

(town, bishopric) City and bishopric on the Moselle in northeastern Gaul. A favoured residence of the Merovingian and Carolingian kings, in 925 Metz was incorporated into the German ...

Metz

Metz   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
68 words

... (town, bishopric) City and bishopric on the Moselle in northeastern Gaul. A favoured residence of the Merovingian and *Carolingian kings, in 925 Metz was incorporated into the German Empire. In the 10th century Metz’s bishops acquired the office of count, which they exercised until Metz became a *commune in the 12th. Eric J. Goldberg G. Halsall , Settlement and Social Organization: The Merovingian Region of Metz ...

Metz

Metz   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
62 words

... 1881: 42; London. 1 German: (i) relationship name from a short form of the Continental Germanic female personal name Mechthild , itself from * maht- ‘might, power’ + * hild- ‘battle’, the source of Matilda . (ii) relationship name from Mätz , a short form of the personal name Matthias ( see Matthew ). 2 German, Jewish (Ashkenazic): locative name from Metz in...

Metz

Metz   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
87 words

... City on the River Moselle; capital of Moselle department, ne France. One of Roman Gaul's chief cities, it was burned by Vandals ( 406 ) and by Huns ( 451 ). After the 8th century, the Bishops of Metz ruled a vast empire. As a free imperial city in 12th century, Metz enjoyed considerable prosperity. Seized by France in 1552 , it became part of Germany in 1871 , after the Franco-Prussian War. The Treaty of Versailles ( 1919 ) restored it to France. Industries: metals, machinery, tobacco, wine, tanning, clothing. Pop. ( 1999 )...

Metz

Metz   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
618 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of choosing its master. Annunciation, adoration of the magi, and massacre of the innocents . Ivory binding of the Metz Evangeliary , 10th c. Paris, BNF (Ms lat. 9393). J. Schneider , La ville de Metz aux XIII e et XIV e siècles, Nancy, 1950. N. Gauthier , L'Évangélisation des pays de la Moselle , Paris, 1980. Histoire de Metz , F.-Y. Le Moigne (dir.), Toulouse, 1986. G. Halsall , Settlement and Organization: the Merovingian region of Metz , Cambridge, 1995. Mireille...

Metz

Metz (France, USA)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Metz , France, USA France (Grand Est): originally with a Celtic name Divodurum ‘Town on the Holy Mountain’, the former Roman name, Mediomatricum, recognized the Mediomatrici, a Gallic tribe whose capital this was. Their name comes from the Gaulish medio ‘middle’ and Matrici, the name of another tribe in this same area. The Medieval Latin name was Mettis from which the present name is derived....

Metz

Metz   Reference library

Bailey K. Young and Simon Loseby

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Romaine de Première Belgique entre Antiquité et Moyen Âge (IIIe–VIIIe siècles) (1980). G. Halsall , Settlement and Social Organization: The Merovingian Region of Metz (1995). G. Halsall , ‘Towns, Societies and Ideas: The Not-So-Strange Case of Late Roman and Early Merovingian Metz’, in N. Christie and S. T. Loseby , eds., Towns in Transition (1996), 235–61. J. K. Gregory , Roman Metz: Transition and Change in the City and its Countryside (diss., University of Minnesota,...

Metz

Metz   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,415 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Cathédrale de Metz: Etude sur ses édifices actuels et sur ceux qui les ont précédés et accompagnés’, Mém. Soc. Archéol. & Hist. Moselle , xvi/2 (1885), pp. 217–698 M. Aubert , ed.: La Cathédrale de Metz (Paris, 1931) J. B. Pelt : Etudes sur la cathédrale de Metz: La Liturgie Ve–XIIIe siècle (Metz, 1937) J. B. Pelt : La Cathédrale de Metz (Metz, 1937) [guidebook] W. Goetz : ‘Senones-Honcourt-Metz, drei verschwundene romanische Zentralbauten’, Aachen. Kstbl. , xx (1966), pp. 97–105 C. Heitz : ‘Le Groupe épiscopal de Metz au temps de...

Metz

Metz   Quick reference

Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
86 words

...Metz A city on the Moselle River in north-east France, capital of the region of Lorraine. Founded by a Gallic tribe c. 450 bc , the fortified settlement was taken over by the Romans in 52 bc . It became capital of Carolingian Lorraine in ad 843 and prospered in the Middle Ages. Germans besieged the city in 1871 , but it was returned to France after World War I. Today the port handles cereals, and industries include metals, machinery, and wine. Population ( 2013 ) 118,600. Neil Morris...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (1931–93)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Christian ( 1931–93 ) French film theorist . Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films mean, Metz set out to discover how they make meaning, and in doing so revolutionized the way film was written and thought about in the academy. Born in Béziers in southern France, Metz studied classical languages and ancient history at the École Normale Supérieure and then completed a doctorate in general linguistics at the Sorbonne....

Metz, Andreas

Metz, Andreas (1767–1839)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
610 words

...(Metz, Kurze Darstellung , p. 2). Thus, he reconstructs the theoretical aspects of Kant's concept of experience and the ‘actual existence of mathematics, as a science’ (Metz, Kurze Darstellung , p. 189), as the foundation of Kant's system. In his Grundriss der Anthropologie , Metz claims that anthropology and empirical psychology are fundamental sciences. Any philosophy must take its starting point from experiential knowledge of the human spirit. It is here that Metz explicitly distinguishes his position from those of Fichte and Schelling. Even when Metz...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (1931–1994)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
900 words

...Metz published his extended scholarly study, Langage et cinéma ( 1971 ), which was densely written so as to demonstrate the degree of complexity that film theory could achieve. Clearly, Metz was in competition with the literary theorists of the era. As a result, Langage et cinéma introduces a whole new lexicon for filmic discussion and for many pages indulges in pure theory devoid of filmic examples. In the mid‐1970s Metz accompanied another film theorist, Jean‐Louis Baudry , into the second, psychoanalytical phase of film semiotics. Metz had...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (b. 1927)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
53 words

..., Christian ( b. 1927 ). France's leading cinema theoretician of the 1960s and 1970s. He followed a path characteristic of much literary theory in moving from an early concern with narrative taxonomy reminiscent of Genette ( Essais sur la signification au cinéma , 1968 ) to work influenced by Lacan 's psychoanalysis ( Le Signifiant imaginaire , 1976 ). [ KAR ...

Metz & Co.

Metz & Co. (c.1800)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
431 words

... & Co. (established c. 1800 ) This retail company is well known for its enlightened design policy and close working relationship with designers. Additionally, for about 50 years, commencing shortly before the First World War, Metz & Co. also manufactured a number of products for sale in their store. Although the firm’s roots can be traced back to Samuel Metz ’s 18th‐century Amsterdam fabric shop, it was not until c. 1900 that a marked shift of policy was initiated. This was engendered by the arrival of a new owner/director Joseph De Leeuw who, in ...

Metz, Julius

Metz, Julius (1800)   Reference library

J. Bunker Clark and E. Douglas Bomberger

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
310 words

..., Julius ( b Germany , c 1800 ; d Brooklyn, NY , 11 Sep 1884 ). Composer , teacher , singer , and pianist of German birth. He appeared in public concerts in New York from 1819 to about 1834 as a singer and pianist, and was a pianist for the first and second seasons of the New York Philharmonic Symphony Society in 1842–4 . His compositions for piano, some of which are in the Library of Congress, were published between the 1820s and the 1850s and include some half dozen sets of fine and technically demanding variations. He also wrote polkas,...

Albert of Metz

Albert of Metz (1021/4)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
74 words

...of Metz ( Alpertus Mettensis ) (d. after 1021/4 ) Monk in *Metz and later in the bishopric of *Utrecht . He wrote a biography of Theoderic of Metz, a chronicle of the lower *Rhine region known as De diversitate temporum , and possibly the Miracula Waldburgae . Rob Meens H. van Rij , tr., Alpertus van Metz: Gebeurtenissen van deze tijd; Een fragment over bisschop Diederik I van Metz. De mirakelen van de heilige Walburg in Tiel ...

Alpert of Metz

Alpert of Metz (1005–25)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
64 words

...of Metz ( fl . 1005–25 ) Monastic author of two historical works: the Diversitate temporum ( c .1005 ) and Fragmentum de Deoderico primo episcopo Mettensi ( c .1024 ) provide information about the *Low Countries and imperial affairs. Adam S. Cohen Alpertus van Metz , Gebeurtenissen van deze tijd & Een fragment over bisschop Diederik van Metz , ed. and trans. (Dutch), H. van Rij and A. S. Abulafia ...

Theogerus of Metz

Theogerus of Metz (c.1050–c.1120)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
48 words

...of Metz ( c .1050– c .1120 ) German *Benedictine contemporary with Willehelmus of *Hirsau and *Hermann of Reichenau . These theorists were concerned with resolving differences between chant practice and theory. C. Matthew Balensuela F. C. Lochner , ‘Dietger (Theogerus) of Metz and his Musica ’, Ph.D. thesis (Notre Dame,...

Odo of Metz

Odo of Metz (c.792–805)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
64 words

...of Metz ( fl . c .792–805 ) According to a written record from the late 9th century, Odo of Metz was the architect of *Charlemagne ’s palace chapel in *Aachen , the most ambitious building of its time. Except that he was buried in *Metz , nothing else is known about Odo . Marc Carel Schurr F. Kreusch , Über Pfalzkapelle und Atrium zur Zeit Karls des Großen ...

Hermann of Metz

Hermann of Metz (1090)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
160 words

...of Metz (died 1090 ) Offspring of the Ardennais nobility , Hermann , future bishop of Metz ( 1073–1090 ), received his education and began his career at Liège . He was always connected with the family of Countess Matilda , who welcomed him on his journeys to Italy . Bishop of Metz after Adalbero III , he refused to follow King Henry IV at Worms ( 1076 ) in his condemnation of Gregory VII , and received from Gregory a long letter explaining the papal position. He was expelled from his town in 1078 and spent some time in Italy and Rome ...

Amalarius of Metz

Amalarius of Metz (850)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
124 words

...of Metz (died after 850 ) The Carolingian liturgist and theologian Amalarius of Metz was a pupil of Alcuin at Tours before being appointed archbishop of Trier in 811 . During Agobard 's exile ( c. 834 ), he was also responsible for administering the diocese of Lyon . His work is marked by his presentation of the allegorical interpretation of the liturgy (notably set out in the Liber officialis ). This method often displeased his contemporaries, who were attached to a less symbolic conception of commentaries on the liturgy. Amalarius...

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