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Messiah

Subject: Religion

The promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible; Jesus regarded by Christians as the Messiah of the Hebrew prophecies and the saviour of humankind. ...

Messiah

Messiah   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Hebrew māshīach , ‘anointed one’) It is the title of the expected leader of the Jews who shall deliver the nation from its enemies and reign in permanent triumph and peace. Equivalent to the Greek word Christ, it is applied by Christians to Jesus. Messiah (incorrectly The Messiah ) is the title of an oratorio by Handel, first produced in Dublin in 1742 . See also isaiah . Nunawading Messiah See under nunawading...

Messiah

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The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... Messiah is the king who, according to the Hebrew Bible , or Old Testament, would one day come from Yahweh to restore the Davidic line and glory to the Jews. Christians recognize Jesus as that person, extending his message and power, however, beyond Judaism to all people (see, e.g., Matthew 3, Daniel...

Messiah

Messiah   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
105 words

... ( Messias ) is the Hebrew for ‘the Anointed One’, translated into Greek as Christ (Christos). For centuries the Jews had awaited the coming of the Messiah, hence the importance of Peter's recognition of Jesus—‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God’ (Matt. 16: 16) and the High Priest's question to Jesus: ‘tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God’. Jesus said to him ‘You have said so …’ (Matt. 26: 63–4). In Mark 14: 61–2, Jesus's answer is forthright, ‘I am’, and He continues with the words which provoked the High Priest to condemn Him...

Messiah

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
88 words

... (Heb. ‘anointed’) Saviour or redeemer. Specifically, the Messiah was the descendant of King David expected by the Jews of ancient times to become their king, free them from foreign bondage, and rule over them in a golden age of glory, peace, and righteousness. It refers to the ‘idealized’ king as having been anointed by God or his representative in the way that David and his successors were. The title ‘Christ’, derived from the Greek version of the term Messiah, was probably applied to Jesus by his...

Messiah

Messiah ([Bible])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
71 words

... [Bible] The promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible. In Christianity, the term is applied to *Jesus Christ . > Someone who is worshipped; someone who saves or delivers others Santa Claus is the graven image everywhere surrounded by lights, colour displays and the latest versions which are self illuminating, automated and even talking. Here is the Messiah of consumerism, his image everywhere. Sunday Business Post ...

Messiah

Messiah   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
309 words

... (adaptation of Heb., ha-mashiaḥ , ‘the anointed one’, also transliterated haMashiach). Judaism Anointed descendant of the Jewish king David who will restore the Jewish kingdom. The idea of the messiah did not exist before the second Temple period, but grew out of the biblical hope that the House of David would again rule over the Jewish people. As a result of the Roman occupation of Erez Israel , various messiahs emerged, including Jesus (as interpreted after his death by his followers), Judas the Galilean (mentioned in Josephus ), and Simeon...

Messiah

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
513 words

...1st cent. ce , there is a Messiah who is also the heavenly * Son of Man so that the widespread interest in a Davidic Messiah were both superhuman and transcendent features as well as earthly traits. So the fundamental reference is to God intervening in human history by sending his representative (though characteristic of Zealots was an emphasis on the sole rule of God and of human incapacity), and Christian readers discovered hints in the OT (e.g. Ps. 22: 6–8) that this person would have to suffer. In the NT the Hebrew ‘Messiah’ becomes the Greek...

Messiah

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The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
131 words

... Oratorio by Handel to lib. selected from scriptures by Charles Jennens . Comp. between 22 Aug. and 14 Sept. 1741 , though parts are adaptations from other works by Handel . F.p. Dublin, 13 April 1742 ; London, 23 March 1743 ; Boston, MA, 25 Dec. 1818 (extracts in NY 1770 ). There is no single definitive version, Handel having altered, rewritten, and added numbers for various perfs. It became the custom in the 19th cent. to perf Messiah with grossly inflated forces, but in the mid‐20th cent. various performing edns. restored the work nearer...

Messiah

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
55 words

... (1) An oratorio by George Frideric Handel . (2) A religious epic ( Der Messias ) by Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock . (3) A sacred eclogue by Alexander Pope , published in the Spectator on 14 May 1712 , fusing the prophetic style of Virgil 's fourth eclogue with the Messianic language of Isaiah....

Messiah

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The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
47 words

...Messiah . Oratorio by Handel to a text compiled by Charles Jennens from the Bible and the Prayer Book Psalter; it was first performed in Dublin in 1742 . Handel revised it for subsequent performances and in the 19th century it became customary to perform it with enormous...

Messiah

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A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
308 words

... ‘The anointed one’, the person believed to be sent by God to usher in a new era in which all mankind will worship the true God, warfare will be banished from the earth, and peace will reign supreme. With the strongest antecedents in the Bible, the doctrine of the Messiah was developed, elaborated upon, and given a variety of interpretations throughout Jewish history, but its basic affirmation is that human history will find its fulfilment here on earth. The doctrine of the Messiah denotes the this-worldly aspect of Jewish eschatology , with the World to...

Messiah

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
301 words

...‘the Christ’ (AV) or ‘the Messiah’ (modern translations commonly render the word thus when the Greek has a definite article, and leave it as ‘Christ’ where there is no such article). The expectation that the deliverer would be descended from David is present both in the genealogies and in such titles as ‘Son of David’. The inscription on the Cross confirms that Jesus was executed as a Messianic figure, but it is unclear whether He Himself defined His role in these terms. In Mk., at a central point St Peter confesses Jesus as Messiah (8: 29), but the...

Messiah

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The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
633 words

...In some passages his wisdom is referred to, in others his gentleness and humility. Emphasis is on the divine initiative and on the result of the action, so that some visions of a “messianic” age make little or no mention of the messiah himself. Belief in a priestly messiah, son of Aaron , who would arise alongside the Davidic messiah to save Israel, appears in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The mysterious figure of Melchizedek provides a title for one who is at the same time both king and priest. A third model is that of a prophet, anointed to “bring good news to...

MESSIAH

MESSIAH   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,445 words

...attracted attention in recent years for its explicit expectation of the imminent advent of the Messiah. The implicit suggestion is that the Messiah may be their leader, R. Menaḥem Schneerson, who died in 1994. See also Eschatology ; Kabbalah . John J. Collins , The Scepter and the Star: The Messiahs of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Literature (New York, 1995). Joseph Klausner , The Messianic Idea in Israel (New York, 1955). Raphael Patai , The Messiah Texts (Detroit, 1979). Aviezer Ravitzky , Ha-Qets ha-Megulleh u-Medinat ha- Yehudim (Tel...

messiah

messiah   Reference library

Markus Bockmuehl

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,232 words

...cf. 4Q246. Two ‘messiahs’, one royal and the other priestly, may appear in 1QS 9.11, CD-B 20.1; 4Q266 10.1.12—the ‘Messiah of Aaron’ and the ‘Messiah of Israel’. Specifically messianic themes were relatively subdued during the Jewish revolt of 66–70 but prominently associated with Bar Kokhba in the revolt under Hadrian (132–5). In the NT, Jewish expectations of a deliverer are echoed at Lk. 24: 21 and Acts 1: 6, and at Mt. 1:16; 2: 2–4 where, using the absolute form not found in early Judaism, he is called ‘the Christ’ (KJV) or ‘the Messiah’ (modern...

Messiah

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Eric Cross

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
111 words

... , Handel ’s most famous and frequently performed oratorio, was written in just over three weeks and first performed in Dublin on 13 April 1742 . It was a great success, raising £400 for charity, and Handel revived it many times, often adding different arias for new soloists. Charles Jennens ’s libretto selects biblical texts concerning the birth, death, and resurrection of Christ, and this subject-matter, together with the unusually high proportion of choruses, has contributed to the work’s lasting popularity with choral societies. The gentle lyricism...

Messiah

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The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
877 words

...is on the divine initiative ( 2 Sam. 7.8–16 ; Jer. 33.14–16 ; Hag. 2.21–23 ) and on the result of the action, so that some visions of a “messianic” age make little or no mention of the messiah himself (e.g., Isa. 2.2–4 ; 11.6–9 ; 32.1 , 16–20 ; 65.17–25 ; Amos 9.11–15 ). Belief in a priestly messiah, son of Aaron , who would arise alongside the Davidic messiah to save Israel, appears in the Dead Sea Scrolls (e.g., 1QS 9.1). The mysterious figure of Melchizedek ( Gen 14.18 ) provides a title for one who is at the same time both king and priest...

Messiah

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
60 words

... , Handel's most famous and frequently performed oratorio, was written in just over three weeks and first performed in Dublin on 13 April 1742 . It was a great success, raising £400 for charity. The gentle lyricism of arias like ‘I know that my redeemer liveth’ and the jubilant grandeur of the ‘Hallelujah’ chorus have survived countless rearrangements and doubtful...

Nunawading Messiah

Nunawading Messiah   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Messiah James Cowley Morgan Fisher ( c. 1832–1915 ) of Nunawading, Victoria, Australia, was so called. The son of Gloucestershire immigrants, he ran away to sea at the age of 14 and settled at Nunawading in the mid-1850s. In the 1860s he succeeded his mother-in-law as head of the New Church of the Firstborn. In a lawsuit of 1871 he was accused of claiming to be the Messiah or the Christ and of practising polygamy, with three sisters as his wives. His following was small, being estimated at about 100 in 1871 , but probably less. See also ...

Messiah

Messiah noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
93 words

... noun (also messiah , (earlier) Messias ) ME Old and Modern French ( Messie from popular Latin Messias from Greek Messias from Aramaic mĕšīḥā , Hebrew māšhīăḥ anointed, from māšhaḥ to anoint). The promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Scriptures; Jesus regarded as the savior of humankind. Also ( transferred ), an actual or expected liberator of an oppressed people or country, etc.; a leader or savior of a specified group, cause, etc. The modern form Messiah was created by the Geneva translators of the...

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