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Maximilien Robespierre

Subject: Literature

(1758–94) French Revolutionary politician; one of the architects of the ‘Reign of Terror’ (1793–4) which claimed his own life. His deification of ‘the people’ using slogans ...

Robespierre, Maximilien

Robespierre, Maximilien (1758–94)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
70 words

..., Maximilien ( 1758–94 ) French Revolutionary politician ; one of the architects of the ‘Reign of Terror’ ( 1793–4 ) which claimed his own life. His deification of ‘the people’ using slogans loosely connected with Rousseau has led writers of the left to hail him as a precursor of socialism, and communism, and writers (mostly but not entirely) of the right to hail him as a precursor of...

Robespierre, Maximilien

Robespierre, Maximilien (1758–94)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
249 words

..., Maximilien ( 1758–94 ). Radical Revolutionary leader who sat in the États Généraux, the Assemblée Constituante, and the Convention, but whose power base remained in the Jacobin Club . He came centre‐stage with his election to the Comité de Salut Public ( July 1793 ), where he helped institute the Terror ( September 1793–July 1794 ), helping—in the process—to save the Republic, but also engineering the downfall of the Girondins , spearheading the liquidation of the Hébertistes , and dispatching Danton to the guillotine. The general fear in...

Maximilien Robespierre

Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
45 words

...0Maximilien Maximilien Robespierre 1758 – 94 French revolutionary Any law which violates the inalienable rights of man is essentially unjust and tyrannical; it is not a law at all. Déclaration des droits de l'homme 24 April 1793, article 6 inalienable rights not a law at...

Maximilien Robespierre

Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
327 words

...0Maximilien Maximilien Robespierre 1758 – 94 French revolutionary . On Robespierre: see carlyle I am no courtier, nor moderator, nor Tribune, nor defender of the people: I am myself the people. speech at the Jacobin Club, 27 April 1792 I am myself the people Citoyens, vouliez-vous une revolution sans revolution? Citizens, would you want a revolution without revolution? speech to the Convention, 5 November 1792 revolution without revolution The general will rules in society as the private will governs each separate individual. Lettres à ses...

Maximilien Robespierre

Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
409 words

...0Maximilien Maximilien Robespierre 1758 – 94 French revolutionary , who as leader of the radical Jacobins urged the execution of louis xvi and initiated the Terror; on his fall from power he was guillotined . On Robespierre: see carlyle , heine A man of high principle will be ready to sacrifice to the state his wealth, his life, his very nature—everything, indeed, except his honour. Discours sur les peines infamantes August 1784, in Oeuvres Complètes vol. 1 (1910) sacrifice to the state sacrifice to the state everything, indeed,...

Robespierre, Maximilian

Robespierre, Maximilian   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Maximilian (based on historical figure) . Pre-eminent in power at the time; ruled by cool rationalism, he determines to put down the Vendean revolt, sparing nobody in the process, and, when Eleanor Duplay begs him to be merciful, becomes suspicious of her. LV GRH Graham...

Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de

Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de (1758–94)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
94 words

..., Maximilien François Marie Isidore de ( 1758–94 ) French revolutionary . Robespierre was the leader of the radical Jacobins in the National Assembly and, as such, backed the execution of Louis XVI and implemented a successful purge of the moderate Girondists (both 1793). Later the same year he consolidated his power with his election to the Committee of Public Safety (the revolutionary governing body 1793–94 ) and his appointment as President of the National Assembly. Robespierre was guillotined for his role in the Terror, although he had...

Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de

Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de (1758–94)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
115 words

..., Maximilien François Marie Isidore de ( 1758–94 ) French revolutionary leader. Elected to the National Assembly in 1789 , he advocated democracy and liberal reform. In 1791 , he became leader of the Jacobins , and gained credit when his opposition to war with Austria was justified by French defeats. With the King and the Girondins discredited, Robespierre led the republican revolution of 1792 , and was elected to the National Convention. His election to the Committee of Public Safety ( June 1793 ) heralded the Reign of Terror , in which...

Robespierre, Maximilien de

Robespierre, Maximilien de   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
Robespierre, Maximilien de

Robespierre, Maximilien de   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
Robespierre, Maximilien de

Robespierre, Maximilien de   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
95 words
Maximilien Robespierre

Maximilien Robespierre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1758–94)French Revolutionary politician; one of the architects of the ‘Reign of Terror’ (1793–4) which claimed his own life. His deification of ‘the people’ using slogans loosely connected with ...
Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in line with most modern welfare states) to convey to his opponents a more general sense that the right of property would not be sanctified in the event of a major political change. Moreover, his Agrarian Justice ( 1796 ), written after having escaped execution under Maximilien Robespierre and in the wake of the proto-socialist ‘Conspiracy of Equals’ led by François Babeuf in March 1796 , provided a still more radical and principled case for redistribution to meet the requirements of egalitarian justice. From a doctrine demanding a political revolution...

Terror

Terror  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The period of the French Revolution between mid 1793 and July 1794 when the ruling Jacobin faction, dominated by Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94), ruthlessly executed anyone considered a threat to ...
Les Enragés

Les Enragés  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A loose political grouping during the Revolution led by Jacques Roux (1752–94), ex‐priest and member of the Commune de Paris. Like the Hébertistes, they supported the Terror, emphasizing its social ...
Robespierrist

Robespierrist  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A follower or supporter of the French revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94), described by Thomas Carlyle as the sea-green Incorruptible.
Jean-Nicolas-Paul-François Barras, vicomte

Jean-Nicolas-Paul-François Barras, vicomte  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1755–1829).French soldier, then prominent Revolutionary politician; he helped engineer Robespierre's fall, then was one of the five members of the Directoire, but was forced out of politics by ...
Georges-Auguste Couthon

Georges-Auguste Couthon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1775–94).Lawyer, then Revolutionary politician. Through confined to a wheelchair, he was a vigorous member of the Comité de Salut Public. A close ally of Robespierre and Saint‐Just, he died with ...
Fête de l' Être Suprême

Fête de l' Être Suprême  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Festival stage‐managed by David and held at Robespierre's instigation at the Tuileries on 20 Prairial (8 June) 1794. It was meant to inaugurate a deistic cult complete with an ‘Hymne à l'Être ...
Thermidor

Thermidor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The eleventh month of the French Republican calendar (1793–1805), originally running from 19 July to 17 August. Also, a reaction of moderates following a revolution, such as that which occurred in ...

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