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Maximilian

Subject: Literature

(1832–67) Emperor of Mexico (1864–67). Brother of the Austro-Hungarian emperor Franz Josef and Archduke of Austria, Maximilian was established as emperor of Mexico under French ...

Relaxation and Recovery in Sport and Performance

Relaxation and Recovery in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Maximilian Pelka and Michael Kellmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Mayfield. Williams-Orlando, C. (2013). Yoga therapy for anxiety: A case report. Advances in Body–Mind Medicine , 27 (4), 18–21. World Health Organization . (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Maximilian Pelka and Michael...

Rupert of Salzburg

Rupert of Salzburg (650–715/16)   Reference library

Maximilian Diesenberger and Simon Loseby

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... of Worms, which he left for Bavaria in 696 at the behest of Theoto II the Dux , possibly because of his opposition to the Pippinids. He was variously revered in later hagiograpical texts ( BHL 7390–403) as a monastic founder and missionary bishop working from Salzburg. Maximilian Diesenberger ; Simon Loseby Wolfram , Salzburg, Bayern, Österreich , 245–51. I. Wood , The Missionary Life: Saints and the Evangelisation of Europe, 400–1050 (2001),...

Maximilian

Maximilian (1832–67)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
82 words

... (full name Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph ) ( 1832–67 ) Emperor of Mexico ( 1864–67 ). Brother of the Austro-Hungarian emperor Franz Josef and Archduke of Austria, Maximilian was established as emperor of Mexico under French auspices in 1864 . In 1867 , however, Napoleon III was forced to withdraw his support as a result of US pressure, and Maximilian was confronted by a popular uprising led by Benito Juárez. His forces proved unable to resist the rebels and he was captured and...

Maximilian

Maximilian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
587 words

...told him to have regard for his youth; serving in the army was suitable for a young man. When Maximilian answered: ‘My service is for the Lord: I cannot serve the world’, Dion then said: ‘There are soldiers who are Christian who serve in the bodyguard of our lords Diocletian and Maximian.’ Maximilian answered: ‘They know what is best for them. I am a Christian and I cannot do what is wrong.’ Dion continued: ‘What wrong do those commit who serve in the army?’ Maximilian answered: ‘You know very well what they do.’ The final alternative was then presented:...

Maximilian, St

Maximilian, St (d. 295)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
29 words

..., St ( d. 295 ), martyr . It is recorded that he was executed at Theveste in Numidia because he refused to serve in the Roman army. Feast day, 12...

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
90 words

... I ( 1459–1519 ) Holy Roman Emperor ( 1493–1519 ), son and successor of Frederick III . Maximilian was one of the most successful members of the Habsburg dynasty. He gained Burgundy and the Netherlands by marriage, and defended them against France. He was less successful in asserting control over the German princes, and involvement in the Italian Wars led to his defeat by the Swiss in 1499 . Maximilian strengthened the Habsburg heartland in Austria and through marriage diplomacy ensured that his grandson and successor, Charles V , inherited a...

Maximilian-Gesellschaft

Maximilian-Gesellschaft   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
62 words

...-Gesellschaft Founded in Berlin in 1911 and located in Hamburg since 1946 , this association of *bibliophiles provides support for modern book art. It has published numerous illustrated books and reference works—in small *press run s with original graphics, carefully printed and bound—as well as the quarterly Philobiblon ( 1957–2001 ). Reinhard Wittmann E. Hauswedell , Maximilian-Gesellschaft (1961, 1986) www.maximilian-gesellschaft.de , consulted Oct....

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
142 words

...of 192 woodcuts. Other projects, especially large MS *encyclopaedias on practical arts like armoury and fishing, were mostly left unfinished. Maximilian actively supported the Imperial Library at Vienna by donating MSS from his collections and employing the humanists Conrad Celtis and Johann Cuspinian. Johannes Saltzwedel Th. Gottlieb , Die Büchersammlung Kaiser Maximilians I (1900) F. Unterkircher , Maximilian I ...

Maximilian II

Maximilian II (1527–76)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
499 words

...year, and in 1568 Maximilian agreed to a truce which obliged him to pay tribute for Hungary to the Ottoman Sultan Selim II . In 1568 Don Carlos , the heir to the Spanish throne, died while under house arrest, so opening the way for Maximilian (or one of his sons) to succeed his cousin Philip II as king of Spain. This possibility, which was never to be realized, led Maximilian in 1570 to forge a marital alliance by which his daughter Anna became the fourth wife of King Philip . In the final years of his reign Maximilian's principal concern was...

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
1,431 words

...attack mounted by King Louis XI of France, whose army Maximilian defeated at Guinegate (modern Enguinegatte, in Artois) on 7 August 1479 , so adding Artois to his territories. Mary of Burgundy died on 27 March 1482 , and, because Maximilian's claim to the Netherlands was through her, several provinces were reluctant to recognize the regency claimed by Maximilian on behalf of his 3-year-old son Philip (later Philip I , king of Castile), and there was widespread civil unrest. Maximilian was obliged to sign the Treaty of Arras ( December 1482 ) between...

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
834 words

...he commissioned in Innsbruck. Benecke, Gerhard . Maximilian I, 1459–1519: An Analytical Biography . London, 1982. Quirky, but useful for understanding Maximilian's environment. Bonney, Richard . The European Dynastic States, 1494–1660 . Oxford, 1991. Part 1 contains a good picture of Maximilian's diplomatic and military activities. Brady, Thomas A., Jr. Turning Swiss: Cities and Empire, 1450–1550 . Cambridge, 1985. Maximilian and his activities in the empire. Wiesflecker, Hermann . Kaiser Maximilian I: Das Reich, Österreich und Europa an der Wende zur...

Maximilian II

Maximilian II (1527–1576)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
578 words

... II ( 1527–1576 ), king of Bohemia and Hungary, later Holy Roman Emperor. The eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand I (r. 1558–1564 ), Maximilian was one of the most intellectually gifted and personally complex rulers of his day. Having received an excellent education, he was an adept linguist and a discerning patron of both arts and letters. His unusually probing mind ranged over a wide area of concerns, including religious questions, which began to preoccupy him around 1550 . His interest in Lutheranism, which he pursued both in private and in...

Robespierre, Maximilian

Robespierre, Maximilian   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Maximilian (based on historical figure) . Pre-eminent in power at the time; ruled by cool rationalism, he determines to put down the Vendean revolt, sparing nobody in the process, and, when Eleanor Duplay begs him to be merciful, becomes suspicious of her. LV GRH Graham...

Steinberg, Maximilian

Steinberg, Maximilian (1883)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
56 words

...Maximilian ( b Vilna , 1883 ; d Leningrad , 1946 ) Russian composer and teacher. Son‐in‐law of Rimsky‐Korsakov from 1908 . Prof. of comp. St Petersburg Cons. from 1908 , becoming dir. 1934 . Pupils incl Shostakovich . Comps. incl 4 syms. ( 1907 , 1909 , 1928 , 1933 ), ballets, vn conc., choral works, 2 str qts, pf pieces, and...

Maximilian, Erzherzog

Maximilian, Erzherzog (1832–67)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
101 words

..., Erzherzog (Vienna, 1832–67 , Mexico), was a younger brother of the Emperor Franz Joseph . A man of intelligence and energy, he rose to high rank in the Austrian navy, and in 1857 became governor of Lombardy and Venetia, retiring from this office at the beginning of the war of 1859 . In 1863 he was offered the throne of Mexico with the title Emperor, which, in spite of initial reluctance, he accepted. But the republican party proved stronger than the new imperialist faction, the supporting French troops were withdrawn, and Maximilian was taken...

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...the other hand, Maximilian was indeed called “father of the lansquenets” by his contemporaries, and this expression correctly reflects that he cared much for his soldiers.Finally, Maximilian knew all too well that it was not enough to confront the enemy’s forces successfully. News of victories had to be spread; setbacks needed to be embellished. Moreover, Maximilian was compelled to convince his subjects that their money was not spent in vain, and he had to justify his wars to the European public, just as his opponents tried to do. Maximilian skillfully used...

Kolbe, Maximilian

Kolbe, Maximilian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
719 words

...changed the numbers. Maximilian went to the death chamber of Cell 18, preparing the others to die with dignity by prayers, psalms, and the example of Christ's Passion. Two weeks later only four were left alive: Maximilian alone was fully conscious. He was injected with phenol and died on 14 August , aged forty-seven. He was beatified by Paul VI in 1971 and canonized in 1982 by Pope John Paul II , formerly archbishop of Cracow, the diocese which contains Auschwitz, in the presence of the sergeant whose life had been saved. Maximilian was a characteristic...

Colt, Maximilian

Colt, Maximilian (fl. 1595–1641)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
153 words

...Maximilian or Maximilian Coult formerly surnamed Poultrain or Poutrain ( fl. 1595–1641 ), A sculptor from Arras who migrated to England c. 1595 . From 1605 to 1608 he carved monuments in Westminster Abbey, notably the canopied tomb of Queen Elizabeth , which was painted by Johan de Critz . He entered the service of Robert Cecil , earl of Salisbury, and worked extensively at Hatfield house , where his commissions included fireplaces and the memorable tomb of Robert Cecil, in which his effigy lies on a black marble slab which is supported by...

Colt, Maximilian

Colt, Maximilian (d ?c.1650)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
195 words

...Maximilian (or Maximilian Coulte ) ( b Arras; d ? c. 1650 ). French-born sculptor who settled in London c. 1595 (probably as a Huguenot refugee), Anglicized his surname from Poultrain, and became an English citizen in 1607 . His career ‘began with great promise, and then dwindled, apparently, almost to nothing’ ( Margaret Whinney , Sculpture in Britain: 1530–1830 , 1964 ). In 1605–6 he made the tomb of Queen Elizabeth I in Westminster Abbey, a splendid example of a conventional type. Much more original is his tomb of Robert Cecil , 1st Earl...

Maximilian I

Maximilian I (1459–1519)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
289 words

... I ( 1459–1519 ) King of the Romans ( 1486–93 ) Holy Roman Emperor ( 1493–1519 ). By marrying Mary, daughter and heiress of Charles the Bold ( 1477 ), he added the duchy of Burgundy (which included the Netherlands) to the Habsburg lands, thus earning the enmity of France. He defeated the French at the battle of Guinegate ( 1479 ) but the Habsburg–Valois rivalry continued in the Netherlands and Italy. In 1490 he drove out the Hungarians, who, under Matthias I (Corvinus), had seized much Austrian territory, and by the Treaty of Pressburg ( 1491...

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