Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 674 entries  for:

  • All: Marxist legal theory x
clear all

View:

Overview

Marxist legal theory

Subject: Law

Any approach to legal theory based on the social and economic thought of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Friederich Engels (1820–1895). This involves a materialist view of social life in which ...

Marxist legal theory

Marxist legal theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
65 words

... legal theory Any approach to legal theory based on the social and economic thought of Karl Marx ( 1818–1883 ) and Friederich Engels ( 1820–1895 ). This involves a materialist view of social life in which law and the state are accorded a subordinate position as part of the superstructure, as opposed to the fundamental economic infrastructure, of society. See also sociology of law...

Marxist legal theory

Marxist legal theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
56 words

... legal theory Any approach to legal theory based on the social and economic thought of Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95). This involves a materialist view of social life in which law and the state are accorded a subordinate position as part of the superstructure, as opposed to the fundamental economic infrastructure, of...

Marxist legal theory

Marxist legal theory   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
193 words

...Marxist theory. The insights of Marxist legal theory widely informed later approaches including American legal realism , critical legal studies and postmodernist legal thought , even where these have not been overtly Marxist or have failed to sustain Marxism’s radical force, or, as in the case of postmodernism, result in alienation (something Marxism eschews). The Marxist response to crime is to focus on rehabilitation and reform, rather than deterrence or retribution , which have until recently been the dominant preoccupations of sentencing policies....

Marxist legal theories

Marxist legal theories   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
723 words

... legal theories Theories about law from a Marxist perspective have evolved in line with developments in Marxism as a whole. Early writers, including Marx and Engels in the Communist Manifesto 1848 , and later Lenin in The State and Revolution 1917 , stressed the function of law in capitalist societies as an instrument of class oppression. In the nineteenth century, Marxists could point convincingly to many instances of law, such as the laws of theft, commerce, and labour law, which served to protect the interests of owners of property and capital...

Marxist legal theory

Marxist legal theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Any approach to legal theory based on the social and economic thought of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Friederich Engels (1820–1895). This involves a materialist view of social life in which law and the ...
The Third Way

The Third Way   Reference library

Mu ‘Ammar Al-Qadhdhāfī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,921 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...roots set deep in history, and the truths about which we speak were present before the formation of American society which leads capitalism, and present before Marxist philosophy, the philosophy of the communists who lead communist society. These truths were present before they were, and we call these truths the first theory and the last theory. Because of this, we call it “the third theory” in the sense that we have here a third thing which may be the first, in fact, is the first, and also the last. But in the vast struggle between the other two systems...

A Criticism of Religious Thought

A Criticism of Religious Thought   Reference library

Sadiq Al-‘azm

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,598 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to us that the science which Islam encourages one to seek is essentially religious and legal science and what is associated with it, and not physics and chemistry, for example. The intellect which Islam encourages man to use seeks knowledge of God by meditating on what he has created as did Hayy ibn Yaqzān in the story of Ibn Tufayl. The aim is not the formation of the dialectical theory of matter or the theory of Durkheim on religious customs and worship, or a theory of a convex universe. Islam is not at fault for that. At that time religious sciences were...

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...), 199). In theory it dealt with actions in which the king had no interest: in practice it was the court to which litigants turned in disputes over property, and overwhelmingly in those over debt. King's Bench, on its crown side, was essentially a criminal jurisdiction, while its plea side dealt with trespass, appeals of felony , and suits brought to correct errors in other courts. In the late 15th century the business of King's Bench was substantially enlarged by the introduction of the Bill of Middlesex, which, by incorporating a range of legal fictions into...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...invention of the industrial revolution was the invention of the ‘consumer’. The creation of the consumer may partly be understood in the light of the analysis offered by the Marxist political historian C. B. MacPherson of the rise of ‘possessive individualism’. Addressing texts from Hobbes to the classical Smithian economists, utilitarians, and liberals, MacPherson showed how theories of politics and political economy, radical and authoritarian alike, increasingly grounded themselves upon the (presupposed) sovereign desires of the individual (possession,...

Religion and Liberty

Religion and Liberty   Reference library

Mehdi Bazargan

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,567 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as a transgression against God and His representatives. According to the foregoing account, religious governments, not unlike Marxist states, cannot tolerate the freedom of ideas and criticism. Free expression and assembly, as well as strikes or demonstrations would be unthinkable; and the ruling party's judgment and execution would be swift and categorical. Both religious and Marxist governments recognize freedom and rationality only for their docile followers. For everyone else, freedom signifies nothing but corruption, confusion,...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...camps likens the Jewish fate under Hitler to Job's affliction (Elie Wiesel) but is opposed by a humanist who contrasts Job's survival with the victims of Auschwitz and Dachau (Rubenstein). Existentialists use Job as an example of the human situation (Camus, Kafka), and a Marxist philosopher sees him as an exemplary rebel against theism and the abuse of power by religious establishments (Ernst Bloch). 6. Within the circles of biblical scholarship, interpreters provide various literary readings of the book: a feminist, a vegetarian, a materialist, a NT...

socialist legalism

socialist legalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Marxist legal theory that laws are instrumental but temporary, and subservient to the collective political will, but they are necessary to advance the state towards socialism, and can only ...
legal theory

legal theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The philosophical analysis of law and legal systems. It attempts to bring consistency to the myriad complexities of law and answer analytical questions such as ‘What is law?’ and ‘How ...
positivist school of criminology

positivist school of criminology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
One of the two major schools of criminology. In contrast to the classical school, which assumes that criminal acts are the product of free choice and rational calculation, the positivist sees the ...
historical jurisprudence

historical jurisprudence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Historical jurisprudence was an influential school of jurisprudence in the nineteenth century, but one that currently has few adherents. It offered broad claims about the relationship of society, ...
postmodernist legal thought

postmodernist legal thought  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Postmodernism is best understood as a broad, multidisciplinary assault on the values of the Enlightenment, especially its ideal of objective human knowledge achieved through the exercise of reason in ...
jurisprudence

jurisprudence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The theoretical analysis of legal issues at the highest level of abstraction. Jurisprudence may be distinguished from both legal theory and the philosophy of law by its concern with those questions ...
critical legal studies

critical legal studies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A left-leaning movement, critical of legal liberalism, which was especially strong in the USA in the 1980s. It draws variously on Marxism, feminism, postmodernism and even American Legal Realism to ...
sociology of law

sociology of law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Study of the interrelationships between society and law, including such institutions and processes as courts and law enforcement. Sociologists focus on the influence on law of macro processes such as ...
sociology of law

sociology of law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Law—rules of action or statutes established by authorities such as states—was a central object of theoretical and substantive concern to each of the founding figures of sociology.Although Karl Marx ...

View: