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Martin Schongauer

(b ?Colmar, Alsace, ?c.1440; d Breisach am Rhein, nr. Colmar, 2 Feb. 1491). German engraver and painter, active in Colmar, the best-known member of a family of artists (his ...

Schongauer, Martin

Schongauer, Martin   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
119 words

..., Martin (1435/ 50–1491 ), German engraver and painter, born in Colmar (Alsace), the son of a goldsmith from Augsburg; except for a brief spell at the University of Leipzig in 1465 , he lived in Colmar throughout his life. Schongauer's contemporary reputation as Germany's greatest artist was based on his engravings (which he always initialled), in which he endowed popular religious subjects with the dignity of his lyrical idiom. Of his few surviving paintings, the best known is the Madonna in the Rose Garden (or Virgin and the Rosebush ) of 1473 ...

Schongauer, Martin

Schongauer, Martin (c. 1430–91)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
169 words

..., Martin ( c. 1430–91 ). German painter and engraver who worked in Colmar, where his greatest painting, Madonna in the Rose Garden , is still preserved. His fame has resided in his engravings, however, which he always signed with his initials, and which spread his influence across Europe. It was to Schongauer's studio that the young Dürer travelled in 1492 only to find the master deceased. His work reflects the influence of Rogier van der Weyden , and other Flemish painters, but with a typically Germanic and Gothic engrossment with line, also...

Schongauer, Martin

Schongauer, Martin   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
349 words

..., Martin ( b Colmar, Alsace, ? c. 1440 ; d Breisach am Rhein, nr. Colmar, 2 Feb. 1491 ). German engraver and painter, active in Colmar, the best-known member of a family of artists (his father and two of his brothers were goldsmiths; two other brothers were painters and engravers). His early years are obscure and estimates of his birthdate range from c. 1435 to c. 1450 ; the first known documentary reference to him is of 1465 , when he was a student at Leipzig University. In his day Schongauer was probably the most famous artist in Germany; the...

Schongauer, Martin

Schongauer, Martin (c.1450–1491)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
499 words
Illustration(s):
1

...so well established that the young Dürer, when he made his journey of self-improvement, went first to Alsace to meet him (arriving only after Schongauer's death). The Temptation of St Anthony , c .1470–1475. Engraving by Martin Schongauer. Paris. BNF. Le Beau Martin. Catalogue de l'exposition du Musée d'Unterlinden , Colmar, 1991. F. Laupichler , Iconclass Idexes: early German prints, Vol. 1: Martin Schongauer and his School , Leiden, 1995. Albert...

Schongauer, Martin

Schongauer, Martin   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
347 words

..., Martin ( b ?Colmar, Alsace , ? c. 1440 ; d Breisach am Rhein, nr. Colmar , 2 Feb. 1491 ). German engraver and painter , active in Colmar, the best-known member of a family of artists (his father and two of his brothers were goldsmiths; two other brothers were painters and engravers). His early years are obscure and estimates of his birthdate range from c. 1435 to c. 1450 ; the first known documentary reference to him is of 1465 , when he was a student at Leipzig University. In his day Schongauer was probably the most famous artist in...

Martin Schongauer

Martin Schongauer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b ?Colmar, Alsace, ?c.1440; d Breisach am Rhein, nr. Colmar, 2 Feb. 1491).German engraver and painter, active in Colmar, the best-known member of a family of artists (his father and two of his ...
Images from The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Images from The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible   Reference library

Philip Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
979 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
24

...(Judges 11). Later interpreters, including in Handel's oratorio Jephtha , gave the story a happier ending. Musée Condé, Chantilly Ms 139/1363 f. 7r/Bridgeman Art Library. Virgin and Child Virgin and Child, after Martin Schongauer ( c. 1430–91). Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, Mass./Bridgeman Art Library. The Baptism of Christ, Haiti The Baptism of Christ. The anonymous mural in Santa Trinidad Cathedral, Haiti, reproduces not only local colour...

Glockendon

Glockendon  

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German illuminators and printsellers active in Nuremberg at the end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. Georg I (active 1484–1514), son of Albrecht Glockenden I, was ...
Fernando Gallego

Fernando Gallego  

(fl. 1468–1507),Spanish painter of Galician extraction and the principal exponent of the Hispano-Flemish style in Spanish art. Between 1479 and 1493 he painted the ceiling of the Old Library ...
Master E. S.

Master E. S.  

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(active c. 1450–67).German, or possibly Swiss, engraver (see line engraving) and goldsmith and the first engraver to sign his plates with a monogram. More than 300 of his engravings ...
M. S. Master

M. S. Master  

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(active in the decades around 1500)The most outstanding of the late Gothic artists of Hungary. He is named from the monogram, accompanied by the date 1506, on a Resurrection ...
Colmar

Colmar  

Attested from 823, not far from the mother-parish of Horburg, Colmar (Columbarium) was the chief town of a fisc given by Louis the Pious to the abbey of Münster (founded ...
Bartholomäus Zeitblom

Bartholomäus Zeitblom  

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(1455×60–c. 1520).German painter from Nördlingen who settled in Ulm. Though connected, by marriage, to the painters Friedrich Herlin, of Nördlingen, and Hans Schüchlin (c. 1430–1505), of Ulm, ...
vox Populi

vox Populi  

The opinions or beliefs of the majority; the Latin phrase is recorded in English from the mid 16th century.vox pop abbreviation meaning popular opinion as represented by informal comments from ...
Jan Joest

Jan Joest  

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(b ?Wesel, c.1450/60; d Haarlem, 1519).German-Netherlandish painter, often known as Joest van Calcar (or Kalkar), after one of his main places of work, Kalkar in the Rhine valley. It ...
Limoges enamel

Limoges enamel  

A school of enamel painters which began in Limoges, France, in the mid-12th century and flourished until the 14th, using the champlevé technique. It became the main centre for ecclesiastical enamels, ...
drapery

drapery  

The artistic depiction of draped clothing in classical antiquity was not recovered at the Renaissance, but rather had a continuous history from antiquity to the Renaissance. For centuries after the ...
line engraving

line engraving  

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Term applied to a method of making prints (and the print so made) in which the design is cut directly into the surface of a metal (usually copper) plate. In normal parlance the word ‘engraving’ ...
Hans the Elder Burgkmair

Hans the Elder Burgkmair  

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(b Augsburg, 1473; d Augsburg, May/Aug. 1531).German painter and designer of woodcuts, the leading artist of his day in Augsburg. He was the son of a painter, Thoman Burgkmair (c.1445–1523), who was ...
Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer  

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(b Nuremberg, 21 May 1471; d Nuremberg, 6 Apr. 1528).German printmaker, painter, draughtsman, and writer, the greatest figure of Renaissance art in northern Europe. He was the son of a goldsmith, ...

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