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Martin Luther King

Subject: History

(1929–68) US Baptist minister and civil-rights leader. King opposed discrimination against Black Americans by organizing non-violent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations, ...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (1929–68)([Hist.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
86 words

..., Martin Luther [Hist.] ( 1929–68 ) A US Baptist minister and civil rights leader who opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing non-violent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize. A brilliant and inspiring orator, his most famous speech repeats the words ‘I have a dream’. King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1968 . > A champion of oppressed people ‘My boyfriend, Ladies and Gentleman,’ Joe announced with mock-solemnity…‘the Martin Luther King of gay people everywhere.’ Ariadne...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (1929–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
450 words

...[1986]). The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. , ed. C. Carson and others (Berkeley, Calif., etc., 1992 ff.). D. L. Lewis , Martin Luther King: A Critical Biography (New York and London, 1970; 2nd edn., with rev. title, Urbana, Ill., 1979); S. B. Oates , Let the Trumpet Sound: The Life of Martin Luther King Jr . (New York and London, 1982); P. J. Ling , Martin Luther King, Jr . (2002). R. D. Abernathy , And the Walls Came Tumbling Down (San Francisco, 1989). D. J. Garrow , Protest at Selma: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Voting Rights...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (1929–68)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
79 words

..., Martin Luther ( 1929–68 ) US Baptist minister and civil-rights leader . King opposed discrimination against Black Americans by organizing non-violent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations, notably the year-long boycott of the local bus company in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955 and the march on Washington involving 200,000 demonstrators in 1963 . At the latter, King delivered his celebrated speech beginning ‘I have a dream…’. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 . King was assassinated in Memphis in 1968...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (1929–68)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
110 words

..., Martin Luther ( 1929–68 ), Black Baptist minister and champion of civil rights in the USA. As pastor of a church in Montgomery, Alabama, he became involved in the struggle over segregation and in 1955 he organized a year-long boycott of buses by Blacks. In 1959 he resigned his pastorship and devoted himself mainly to the civil rights movement. He believed that the reconciliation of the Black to the White population was as important as that of the Whites to the Blacks. He was assassinated in 1968 . In 1986 the third Monday in January was made a...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (15 Jan. 1929)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
626 words

...King, Martin Luther (b. Atlanta, Georgia , 15 Jan. 1929 ; d. Memphis, Tennessee , 4 Apr. 1968 ) US civil rights leader Martin Luther King's role in the American civil rights movement made him the most celebrated black leader of his generation and an international political figure. The son of a Baptist preacher, King was educated at Morehouse College, Atlanta, Crozer Theological Seminary and Boston University, and himself became a Baptist pastor in Montgomery before devoting himself to the nascent civil rights movement . King first gained political...

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King (1929–68)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
878 words

...0Martin0Luther Martin Luther King 1929 – 68 American Baptist minister and civil rights leader ; assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee I want to be the white man's brother, not his brother-in-law. in New York Journal-American 10 September 1962 want to be the white man's brother want to be the white man's brother Judicial decrees may not change the heart; but they can restrain the heartless. speech in Nashville, Tennessee, 27 December 1962, in James Melvin Washington (ed.) A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. ...

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King (1929–68)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
853 words

...0MartinLuther Martin Luther King 1929 – 68 American civil rights leader . See also Anonymous I want to be the white man's brother, not his brother-in-law. in New York Journal-American 10 September 1962 want to be the white man's brother want to be the white man's brother Judicial decrees may not change the heart; but they can restrain the heartless. speech in Nashville, Tennessee, 27 December 1962, in James Melvin Washington (ed.) A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1986) ch. 22 decrees may not change may...

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King (1929–68)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
839 words

...0MartinLuther Martin Luther King 1929 – 68 American civil rights leader . See also epitaphs I want to be the white man's brother, not his brother-in-law. in New York Journal-American 10 September 1962 want to be the white man's brother want to be the white man's brother Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. letter from Birmingham Jail, Alabama, 16 April 1963 injustice anywhere threat to justice everywhere Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed. letter from Birmingham Jail,...

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King (1929–68)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
527 words

...0MartinLuther Martin Luther King 1929 – 68 American civil rights leader who organized non-violent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations and was a notable orator; he was assassinated in Memphis . See also: epitaphs I want to be the white man's brother, not his brother-in-law. in New York Journal-American 10 September 1962 be the white man's brother be the white man's brother brother, not brother-in-law Judicial decrees may not change the heart; but they can restrain the heartless. speech in Nashville, Tennessee, 27 December 1962 decrees ...

King, Martin Luther

King, Martin Luther (15 Jan. 1929)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
486 words

..., Martin Luther (b. Atlanta, Georgia , 15 Jan. 1929 ; d. Memphis, Tennessee , 4 Apr. 1968 ) US ; civil rights leader Martin Luther King's role in the American civil rights movement made him the most celebrated black leader of his generation and an international political figure. The son of a Baptist preacher, King was educated at Morehouse College, Atlanta, Crozer Theological Seminary and Boston University, and himself became a Baptist pastor in Montgomery before devoting himself to the nascent civil rights movement. King first gained political...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...; Peace and Antiwar Movements ; Vietnam Antiwar Movement. ] James M. Washington , ed., The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. , 1986. David J. Garrow , Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference , 1988. Clayborne Carson, et al. , eds. The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr., 14 vols. , 1992–. Clayborne Carson , ed., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. , 1998. Clayborne...

King, Martin Luther, Sr.

King, Martin Luther, Sr. (b. 19 December 1897)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
997 words

...R. Not Only Dreamers: The Story of Martin Luther King Sr . and Martin Luther King Jr. Elgin, Ill.: Brethren, 1986. A poignant narrative of King's life and those of his children. Kerr, Peter . “Rev. King Dies at 84; with Son, a Leader in Rights Movement.” New York Times , 12 November 1984. An obituary with concise biographical information on King. King, Martin Luther, Sr. , with Clayton Riley . Daddy King: An Autobiography . New York: William Morrow, 1980. — Jennifer R....

King, Martin Luther, Jr

King, Martin Luther, Jr (1929–68)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
91 words

..., Martin Luther, Jr . ( 1929–68 ) US Baptist minister and civil rights leader. He led the boycott of segregated public transport in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1956 . King was founder ( 1960 ) and president of the Southern Christian Leadership Council ( SCLC ). He opposed the Vietnam War and demanded measures to relieve poverty, organizing a march on Washington D.C. ( 1963 ) where he made his famous “I have a dream…” speech. In 1964 , King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4...

King, Martin Luther Jr.

King, Martin Luther Jr.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,514 words
Illustration(s):
1

...struggles. Cone, James H . “ Martin Luther King, Jr., Black Theology—Black Church .” Theology Today 41 (1984): 409–420. An outline of black theology as applied to King. Garrow, David J . “ The Intellectual Development of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Influences and Commentaries .” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 40 (1986): 5–20. A very useful introduction to the debates about King’s intellectual influences. King, Martin Luther, Jr . Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story . New York: Harper and Row, 1958. King, Martin Luther, Jr . The Trumpet of...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
899 words

...a robust black pulpit, King translated the traditional African American demand for equality into an idiom that many whites finally tried to understand. Harry Emerson Fosdick , Hope of the World, 1933. David Garrow , Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1986. Martin Luther King, Jr. , A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr., 1986. James Cone , Martin and Malcolm and America, 1991. Keith D. Miller , Voice of Deliverance: The Language of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Its Sources,...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–68)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,390 words

...Change in Atlanta, Georgia. The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. , 14 vols, ed. Clayborne Carson (Berkeley, Cal., 1992–). The Words of Martin Luther King, Jr. , ed. Coretta Scott King (New York, 1983). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr ., ed. James Washington (New York, 1986). The Martin Luther King, Jr., Companion: Quotations from the Speeches, Essays, and Books of Martin Luther King, Jr ., ed. Coretta Scott King (New York, 1993). The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr ., ed. Clayborne Carson (New York,...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
94 words

..., Martin Luther, Jr. ( 1929–68 ), Baptist pastor in Montgomery, Ala., as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference was a leading spokesman of American blacks for nonviolence in the civil rights movement. Stride Toward Freedom ( 1958 ) tells of the boycott he led against the Jim Crow buses of Montgomery, Strength To Love ( 1963 ) collects sermons, and Why We Can't Wait ( 1964 ) treats both the Birmingham demonstrations of 1963 and his larger views on civil rights. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. He was assassinated...

King, Martin Luther, Jr

King, Martin Luther, Jr   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,751 words

...of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Warner Book, 1998. Cone, James . Martin & Malcolm & America: A Dream or a Nightmare . New York: Orbis Books, 1992. Garrow, David . Bearing the Cross . New York: Vintage Books, 1988. King, Coretta Scott . My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1969. King, Martin Luther, Jr . “ Letter from a Birmingham Jail. ” 1963. http://abacus.bates.edu/admin/offices/dos/mlk/letter.html . King, Martin Luther, Jr . Stride toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story . San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1958. King, Martin...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)   Reference library

James M. SoRelle

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,947 words

...Clayborne . “Martin Luther King, Jr.: Charismatic Leadership in a Mass Struggle.” Journal of American History 74 (September 1987): 448–454. Cone, James H. “Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Third World.” Journal of American History 74 (September 1987): 455–467. Garrow, David . Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference . (New York, 1986). Lewis, David L. King: A Critical Biography . (New York, 1970). Meier, August . “On the Role of Martin Luther King.” New Politics 4 (Winter 1965): 52–59. Sitkoff...

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

King, Martin Luther, Jr.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,214 words

..., Martin Luther, Jr. For many Americans, Martin Luther King, Jr., epitomizes the black freedom struggle in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, on 15 January 1929 , King was the second of three children of Martin Luther King, Sr. , a prominent Baptist minister, and Alberta Williams King , a teacher in the city's Jim Crow (segregated black) schools. His early years were spent in the relative security of a middle-class family environment. Following his graduation in 1948 from Morehouse College in Atlanta, King abandoned a...

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