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Marsha Norman

Subject: Literature

(1947–), Kentucky-born dramatist whose first two-act play, Getting Out (1977), about a shattered woman emerging from prison and picking up her life, was followed by ‘Night, ...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha (1947–)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
47 words

...Norman, Marsha ( 1947– ), Kentucky -born dramatist whose first two-act play, Getting Out ( 1977 ), about a shattered woman emerging from prison and picking up her life, was followed by ‘ Night, Mother ( 1983 , Pulitzer Prize), presenting a young woman about to commit suicide....

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha (1947)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
494 words

..., Marsha (b. 1947 ), playwright. Best known for her Pulitzer Prize–winning play 'night Mother ( 1983 ), Norman's dramatic works include Getting Out ( 1977 ), Third and Oak: The Laundromat ( 1978 ), Circus Valentine ( 1978 ), The Holdup ( 1980–1983 ), Traveler in the Dark ( 1984 ), The Secret Garden (book and lyrics, 1991 ) and Sarah and Abraham ( 1991 ). Much of Norman's work examines failed family relationships; often she explores the damages and inadequacies of the mother-daughter relationship. Before taking up play writing as a...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha (1947)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
121 words

..., Marsha ( 1947 –), Kentucky-born dramatist whose first two-act play, Getting Out ( 1977 , published as a book in 1979 ), is about a shattered woman emerging from prison and picking up her life. Two minor plays were produced by Actors Theatre in Louisville and a third by American Conservatory Theatre in San Francisco. She had far better staging of 'night, Mother ( 1983 , Pulitzer Prize), presenting a young woman about to commit suicide. After producing two more minor plays and then her novel, The Fortune Teller ( 1987 ), she wrote the book for a...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha (1947)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
150 words

..., Marsha [née Williams ] (b. 1947 ), playwright . A native of Louisville, she was educated at Agnes Scott College and at the University of Louisville. After spending time as a schoolteacher and a journalist, she wrote her first play, Getting Out , which was presented by the Actors' Theatre of Louisville in 1977 and a year later in New York. She also directed for the Actors' Theatre, which subsequently produced her plays Third and Oak and The Circus Valentine . Norman won a Pulitzer Prize for the gripping drama 'Night, Mother ( 1983 ), and...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
168 words

..., Marsha ( 1947 – ) American playwright . Jon *Jory directed Getting Out ( *Actors Theatre of Louisville , 1977 ), about an ex-convict who makes peace with her violent younger self, and Third and Oak ( 1978 ) about loss. In 'night, Mother ( 1982 , Pulitzer Prize), a mother fails to prevent her middle-aged daughter's suicide; it has been produced in 36 countries and 23 languages. For the next eight years her new work, treating comedy, myth, and religious scepticism, was seen at American *regional theatres ( The Holdup , 1983 ; Traveler in the...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Marsha ( 1947–  ), American dramatist , born in Louisville, Kentucky, educated at the University of Louisville. Her first play, Getting Out ( 1977 ), was produced by the Actors' Theatre of Louisville where she became a playwright in residence. Third and Oak (two one-act plays) was produced there in 1978 , as was Circus Valentine and a workshop production of Holdup , which had its full première in San Francisco in 1983 . Norman's most celebrated play, 'night, Mother ( 1981 ; Pulitzer Prize) is an extended dialogue between a widowed mother and...

Norman, Marsha

Norman, Marsha   Reference library

Frazer Lively

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
240 words

..., Marsha ( 1947–  ) American playwright. Raised in Kentucky in a strict religious family, Norman said she felt invisible as a child and eventually wrote about people who would otherwise go unheard. Jon Jory directed Getting Out ( Actors Theatre of Louisville , 1977 ), about an ex-convict who makes peace with her violent younger self, and Third and Oak ( 1978 ), comprised of two one-acts ( The Laundromat and The Pool Hall ) intended as a single piece about loss. In 'night, Mother ( 1982 , Pulitzer Prize), a mother fails to prevent her...

Norman [Williams], Marsha

Norman [Williams], Marsha (21 Sept. 1947)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
95 words

... [Williams], Marsha (b. Louisville, Ky. , 21 Sept. 1947 ) Playwright . The title of her acclaimed first play, Getting Out ( 1977 ), points to Norman's primary passion. Trapped by possessive parents and their own limitations, her central characters struggle for independence. In the Pulitzer Prize winning 'Night, Mother ( 1983 ), Jessie kills herself to break free. Other plays include The Holdup ( 1980 ), Traveler in the Dark ( 1984 ), The Shakers ( 1988 ) and Loving Daniel Boone ( 1993 ). She wrote the book and lyrics for The Secret Garden (...

Marsha Norman

Marsha Norman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1947–),Kentucky-born dramatist whose first two-act play, Getting Out (1977), about a shattered woman emerging from prison and picking up her life, was followed by ‘Night, Mother (1983, Pulitzer ...
Getting Out

Getting Out  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1978),a play by Marsha Norman. [Marymount Manhattan Theatre, 22 perf.] When Arlene Holsclaw (Susan Kingsley) is released from prison, she is determined to lead a decent life but remains ...
'Night, Mother

'Night, Mother  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A: Marsha Norman Pf: 1983, NewYork Pb: 1983 G: Drama in 1 act S: Living room and kitchen of a house in the country, 1983 C: 2fJessie Cates is about 40 years old. She has a brother Dawson, who is ...
Feminist Theatre

Feminist Theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Because there have been women actors, managers, and playwrights since the colonial days, the goal of feminist theatre has not been about women in the theatre as much as the ...
Secret Garden

Secret Garden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
This charming and stylish musical was welcomed by one critic as ‘one of the most aggressively pretty shows ever to grace a Broadway stage’ when it opened at the St. ...
librettists

librettists  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The role of the librettist, the playwright who creates the book and often the lyrics of a musical play, has changed tremendously over the course of the twentieth century. However ...
Actors Theatre of Louisville

Actors Theatre of Louisville  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Nonprofit professional theatre, founded in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1964 by Richard Block and Ewel Cornett and led by Jon Jory from 1969 to 2000, when Marc Masterson took over. It ...
playwright

playwright  

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Overview Page
A writer of plays, also referred to as a dramatist. The word playwright conjoins the nouns ‘wright’, meaning craftsman or builder, with ‘play’, meaning a text written for performance. Theatricalized ...
Megan Terry

Megan Terry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Seattle, Wash., 22 July 1932)Playwright. Founding member of the New York Open Theater and playwright-in-residence, 1963–8. Since 1974 she has been literary manager of the Omaha Magic Theatre ...
Beth Henley

Beth Henley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1952?–),Mississippi-born playwright, attended Southern Methodist University, had her first full-length play, Crimes of the Heart, performed (1979) in Louisville, where it won a major local prize, ...
eating disorder

eating disorder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A class of mental disorders characterized by disturbances or problems associated with feeding or eating. See anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood, pica, ...
Secret Garden, The

Secret Garden, The (1991)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
128 words

...Garden, The ( 1991 ) , a musical play by Marsha Norman (book, lyrics), Lucy Simon (music). [ St. James Theatre , 706 perf.] Frances Hodgson Burnett 's beloved tale, about the morose orphaned girl Mary Lennox ( Daisy Eagan ) and the new life she discovers when she brings her dead aunt's garden back to life, was presented as a lovely chamber piece accented by Heidi Landesman 's ingenious sets and held together by masterful direction by Susan Schulman . Mandy Patinkin was Mary's gloomy Uncle Archibald; John Babcock was his bedridden son, Colin; ...

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