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Mark Twain

Subject: Literature

(1835–1910), American writer. He was a pilot on the Mississippi (1857–61) and from 1862 worked as a newspaper correspondent, adopting the pseudonym ‘Mark Twain’, familiar to him ...

Twain, Mark.

Twain, Mark.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6 words

...Twain, Mark. See Clemens, Samuel...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Mark The pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens ( 1835–1910 ), the novelist and humorist, creator of Tom sawyer and Huckleberry finn . The name ‘Mark Twain’ is from the calls used by Mississippi pilots when taking sounds, in this case the two-fathom mark on the leadline. See also the conclusion of famous last words...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
690 words

...Other Relevant Works Twain’s papers are at the University of California at Berkeley. The Autobiography of Mark Twain , ed. Charles Neider (New York, 1959). Collected Tales, Sketches, Speeches & Essays , 2 vols (New York, 1992). Further Reading Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Comp Amer Thought, Dict Amer Bio, Encyc Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio v6, Who Was Who in Amer v1 Camfield, Gregg . Sentimental Twain: Samuel Clemens in the Maze of Moral Philosophy (Philadelphia, 1994). Horn, Jason . Mark Twain and William James:...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
162 words

... Grimms ' fairy tales, and the posthumous ‘1002nd Arabian Night’ ( 1967 ) was part of a larger project of rewriting The * Arabian Nights that he never completed. JZ Jack Zipes Stahl, J. D. , Mark Twain, Culture and Gender: Envisioning America through Europe (1994). West, Victor Royce , Folklore in the Works of Mark Twain (1930). Wohnham, Henry B. , Mark Twain and the Art of the Tall Tale ...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

Jack Zipes

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
175 words

... Grimms ’ fairy tales, and the posthumous ‘1002nd Arabian Night’ ( 1967 ) was part of a larger project of rewriting The Arabian Nights that he never completed. Jack Zipes Stahl, J. D. , Mark Twain, Culture and Gender: Envisioning America through Europe (1994). West, Victor Royce , Folklore in the Works of Mark Twain (1930). Wohnham, Henry B. , Mark Twain and the Art of the Tall Tale ...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark   Reference library

Joe B. Fulton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
2,988 words

...Press, 1934. Brodwin, Stanley . “The Theology of Mark Twain: Banished Adam and the Bible.” Mississippi Quarterly 29 (1976): 167–189. Bush, Harold K. Mark Twain and the Spiritual Crisis of His Age . Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2007. Cummings, Sherwood . Mark Twain and Science: Adventures of a Mind . Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988. Ensor, Allison . Mark Twain and the Bible . Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1969. Fulton, Joe B. Mark Twain’s Ethical Realism: The Aesthetics of Race, Class, and...

‘Twain, Mark’

‘Twain, Mark’ (1835–1910)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
147 words

...Twain, Mark’ ( Samuel Langhorne Clemens ) ( 1835–1910 ) visited Australia in 1895 as part of a world lecture tour to recoup losses his publishing company had suffered; his route took him from Sydney to Melbourne, Adelaide, Ballarat, Bendigo and Tasmania. His Following the Equator: A Journey Around the World ( 1897 ), published also as More Tramps Abroad ( 1897 ), includes the material republished in 1973 as Mark Twain in Australia and New Zealand ; notable comments are the references to ‘Ballarat English’, which satirises the elisions of Australian...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (30 Nov 1835)   Reference library

Michael Hovland

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
438 words

...River, based on Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. There are also sketches for an opera by Theodor Adorno on Huckleberry Finn , titled Der Schatz des Indianer-Joe ( 1932–3 ). Recent settings that include texts by Twain are by Carlisle Floyd ( A Time to Dance ), Gordon Myers ( They Said ), Paul Moravec ( Mark Twain Sez ), and Phillip Schroeder ( From Pudd’nhead Wilson's Calendar ). Bibliography GroveA J.H. Richards : “Music and the Reed Organ in the Life of Mark Twain,” American Music i/3 (1983), 38–47 C. Dolmetsch : “Mark Twain Abroad,” Musical...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
89 words

..., Mark ( 1835–1910 ) US writer , journalist , and lecturer , b. Samuel Langhorne Clemens . He took his pseudonym from the sounding calls of steamboatmen on the Mississippi, on the banks of which he was brought up. Twain was among the first to write novels in the American vernacular, such as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer ( 1876 ) and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ( 1884 ), which is seen as one of the great works of US fiction. His later books, such as The Mysterious Stranger ( 1916 ), are often bitter and...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Mark ( Samuel Clemens ) ( 1835–1910 ) , American author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer ( 1873 ), amongst others. He met Trollope in England ( July 1873 ) at a dinner Trollope hosted honouring his fellow American, the poet Joaquin Miller . Thomas Hughes , the Hon. Frederick Leveson-Gower , and one other guest made up the party. Twain noted that Trollope was ‘voluble and animated’ but that he and Hughes spoke only to their noble friend, with a deference which made him feel he was at a religious service, Leveson-Gower being ‘the acting...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

Tom Matheson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Mark ( Samuel Langhorne Clemens ) ( 1835–1910 ), American writer , journalist , and lecturer . Twain specifically exploits Shakespeare in pieces such as his fragmentary burlesque of Hamlet ( 1881 ), in which a travelling book-salesman, Basil Stockmar, attempts to present the Ghost with a sample copy; his pornographic pseudo-diary of a court cup-bearer 1601 ; or, Conversation, as it Was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors ( 1882 ), including a character called ‘Master Shakspur’; and Is Shakespeare Dead? ( 1909 ), a reflection...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
8,489 words

...of American humorous writing in Mark Twain's lifetime. Devoto, Bernard . Mark Twain's America . Boston, 1932. A rebuttal to Van Wyck Brooks's thesis by a Twain historian and editor. Emerson, Everett . The Authentic Mark Twain . Philadelphia, 1984. A life of Twain. Fishkin, Shelly Fisher , ed. The Oxford Mark Twain . New York and Oxford, 1996. A twenty-nine-volume republication of Twain first editions with interpretive essays by late-twentieth-century scholars and writers. Howells, William Dean . My Mark Twain: Reminiscences and Criticisms . New...

TWAIN, Mark

TWAIN, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
386 words

...TWAIN, Mark ( Samuel Langhorne Clemens ) ( 1835–1910 ) American writer who was born in Missouri and spent most of his childhood in the town of Hannibal, on the Mississippi. His father died impecunious when Samuel was twelve, and the boy had to leave school to earn money. He became a printer and worked his way to New York and Philadelphia, also writing articles for newspapers. In 1857 , having abandoned a plan to seek his fortune in South America, he apprenticed himself to a Mississippi river pilot and spent the next four years in this occupation. After...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
517 words

..., Mark ( 1835–1910 ) Pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens , American writer , born in Florida, Missouri , where he was brought up. After his father's death in 1847 he was apprenticed to a printer, and wrote for his brother's newspaper. From 1857 to 1861 he was a river pilot on the Mississippi, and from 1862 worked as a newspaper correspondent for various Nevada and Californian magazines, coming under the influence of the humorist Artemus Ward . He adopted the pseudonym ‘Mark Twain’, familiar to him from the call of crewmen testing the depth...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
353 words

..., Mark ( 1835–1910 ) Pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens , American writer. From 1857 to 1861 he was a river pilot on the Mississippi, and from 1862 worked as a newspaper correspondent for various Nevada and Californian magazines, coming under the influence of the humorist Artemus Ward . He adopted the pseudonym ‘Mark Twain’, familiar to him from the call of crewmen testing the depth of the water on the Mississippi riverboats. His comic version of an old folk tale became the title story of The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, and Other...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark   Reference library

Alan Riach

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
545 words

..., Mark ( Samuel Langhorne Clemens ) ( 1835–1910 ), the American author, visited New Zealand in 1895 and wrote about it in his last travel book Following the Equator ( 1897 ). This immediately sold 30000 copies and helped him pay off his creditors. During his lecture-tour, he recommended the banishment of English poachers to New Zealand to solve the rabbit plague, observed that the Scots settlers in Dunedin must have thought they were in heaven, and was surprised to find a lavatory equipping every railway car. He studied the skeleton of the great moa...

Mark Twain

Mark Twain   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
131 words

... Twain , pseudonym of Samuel L. Clemens. The name, a phrase meaning “two fathoms deep,” was employed in making soundings on Mississippi riverboats. According to Clemens’s questionable account in Life on the Mississippi , the name had been used previously by an older pilot, Isaiah Sellers (1803–64), to sign the pompous articles he contributed to the New Orleans Picayune . Clemens claims he burlesqued these in the New Orleans True Delta and that the parody so affected Sellers that he never published again. Therefore, Clemens declares, he adopted the name as...

Mark Twain

Mark Twain   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
133 words

... Twain , pseudonym of Samuel L. Clemens . The name, a phrase meaning “two fathoms deep,” was employed in making soundings on Mississippi riverboats. According to Clemens's questionable account in Life on the Mississippi, the name had been used previously by an older pilot, Isaiah Sellers ( 1803–64 ), to sign the pompous articles he contributed to the New Orleans Picayune. Clemens claims he burlesqued these in the New Orleans True Delta and that the parody so affected Sellers that he never published again. Therefore, Clemens declares, he adopted the...

Twain, Mark

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Mark ( 1835–1910 ) ‘the most celebrated thing in Shakespeare’; from Huckleberry Finn ( 1884 ) To be, or not to be; that is the bare bodkin That makes calamity of so long life: For who would fardels bear, till Birnam Wood do come to Dunsinane. But that the fear of something after death, Murders the innocent sleep, Great nature's second course, And makes us rather sling the arrows of outrageous fortune Than fly to others that we know not of. There's the respect must give us pause: Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst, For who would bear...

Mark Twain

Mark Twain (1835–1910)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
153 words

...0Mark Mark Twain 1835 – 1910 American writer It could probably be shown by facts and figures that there is no distinctly native American criminal class except Congress. Following the Equator (1897) American criminal class criminal class except congress It is by the goodness of God in our country that we have those three unspeakably precious things: freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, and the prudence never to practise either of them. Following the Equator (1897) freedom of speech freedom of speech freedom of conscience never to ...

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