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Marcel Mauss

(1872 –1950) One of the major figures of twentieth-century anthropology in spite of the fact that he never received a doctorate, had no regular teaching position for most of his ...

Mauss, Marcel

Mauss, Marcel (1872–1950)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
219 words

..., Marcel ( 1872–1950 ) Originally trained as a philosopher at the Universities of Paris and Bordeaux, Mauss spent his professional life as a researcher, despite never acquiring a doctorate. With his uncle, Émile Durkheim , and in the company of an impressive group of sociologists, anthropologists and historians that included Henri Hubert and Robert Hertz , he founded the influential journal Année sociologique , in which most of the fundamental ideas of social anthropology were first explored. Mauss's influence on social anthropology cannot be...

Mauss, Marcel

Mauss, Marcel (1872–1950)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
107 words

..., Marcel ( 1872–1950 ). French anthropologist ; nephew and collaborator of Durkheim . Mauss argued that the intellectual categories and symbolic systems of a given society (its concepts of time, space, number, and hierarchy; its linguistic and religious practices) are conditioned and interrelated by the specific features and material conditions of the corresponding social structure. His emphasis on the ‘total social phenomenon’ was exemplified in Essai sur le don ( 1925 ), in which the laws and mechanisms of gift‐exchange are seen to be fundamental to...

Mauss, Marcel

Mauss, Marcel  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

..., Marcel ( 1872–1950 ) One of the major figures of twentieth-century anthropology in spite of the fact that he never received a doctorate, had no regular teaching position for most of his career, conducted no fieldwork, and published no book-length studies of his own. His influence lay, rather, in a number of brilliant essays spread across a wide range of topics and in his leading role among the collaborators and students of Emile Durkheim , the dominant French sociologist of the early part of the century and Mauss's uncle. Much of this work centered...

Mauss, Marcel

Mauss, Marcel (1872–1950)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
93 words

...Mauss, Marcel ( 1872–1950 ) Prominent French sociologist/anthropologist known for his influential writings on gift exchange, magic , classification , and other topics. Along with his uncle, Émile Durkheim , he was one of the key members of the Année Sociologique , a leading French social science journal. Mauss’s most famous and enduring work is The Gift ( 1925 ), a foundational text in economic anthropology that illuminates the primacy of sociality and reciprocity in all human forms of exchange. Further reading: Mauss, Marcel ...

Marcel Mauss

Marcel Mauss  

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Overview Page
(1872 –1950)One of the major figures of twentieth-century anthropology in spite of the fact that he never received a doctorate, had no regular teaching position for most of his ...
prestation

prestation  

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Overview Page
Marcel Mauss's term for the larger context or “total social phenomenon” of gift giving and exchange.
L'Année sociologique

L'Année sociologique  

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Overview Page
The sociological journal that provided a vehicle and forum for much of the research of Emile Durkheim and his followers. Durkheim himself edited the journal between 1896 and 1913. Marcel Mauss played ...
band societies

band societies  

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Overview Page
Small societies that rely primarily on hunting and gathering for subsistence. Band societies have a prominent place in theories of cultural evolution, where they typically describe the first extended ...
Le Collège de Sociologie

Le Collège de Sociologie  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This somewhat abstruse organization took shape in Paris in 1937 as a circle of researchers led by Caillois, Bataille, and Leiris. Its avowed aim was to advance the study of ...
gift relationship

gift relationship  

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Title of study (1970) by R. M. Titmuss of blood supply in Britain and the United States. Titmuss took his title from anthropological studies of reciprocal gift‐giving, especially Marcel Mauss's The ...
gift relationship

gift relationship  

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Social scientists usually regard a gift as an expression of the relationship between donor and recipient. In The Gift (1954) Marcel Mauss argued that gifts are widely obligatory and reciprocal. This ...
kula ring

kula ring  

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Overview Page
A ceremonial gift exchange among tribes in the western Pacific, practised alongside normal trading, functioning to establish and maintain friendly relations between islands. [From Melanesian kula]
exchange theory

exchange theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Most broadly, the argument that most social interaction is based on the expectation that actions directed towards others will receive a commensurate response and create reciprocal relationships ...
Lucien Lévy-Bruhl

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl  

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(1875–1913)French philosopher and social anthropologist, noted for stressing the need for empirical investigation of the categories and methods of thought of different societies, and for interpreting ...
classification

classification  

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[Th]The ordering of archaeological data into groups (e.g. categories, classes, types) using various ordering systems. Monothetic classification is based on all the defined attributes being present ...
exchange

exchange  

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1. The trading of goods, stocks, shares, commodities, paper currencies, or other financial instruments.2. The place in which such trading occurs, e.g. a stock exchange or commodities exchange. This ...
Guy Debord

Guy Debord  

(1931–94)French Marxist, activist, film-maker, social commentator and philosopher. Born in Paris, he was raised by his mother and grandmother in the southern resort towns of Nice, Pau, and Cannes. In ...
person

person  

One of the central problems of metaphysics is what it is to be a person. The answer ought to account for central phenomena of personhood; rationality, command of language, self-consciousness, control ...
Claude Lévi-Strauss

Claude Lévi-Strauss  

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Subject:
Literature
(1908– )French anthropologist and structuralist. Educated in law, Lévi-Strauss received a doctorate in philosophy at the Sorbonne. He was appointed to a French university mission to Brazil, serving ...
Émile Durkheim

Émile Durkheim  

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(1858–1917)French sociologist and one of the founding fathers of modern sociology.After he graduated from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, Durkheim taught sociology first at the University of ...

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