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Marc Bloch

(1886–1944) French historian, who died fighting with the Resistance in World War II. Of French-Alsatian Jewish descent, Block was born in Lyons, where his father taught ...

Bloch, Marc

Bloch, Marc   Reference library

Carole K. Fink

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
620 words

... Bloch's explanations, many corrected and superseded by new generations of scholars, nevertheless remain model attempts at applying critical intelligence and an open mind to achieve tentative syntheses of large-scale human and structural historical problems. Bibliography Bloch, Marc . The Rise of Dependent Cultivation and Seignorial Institutions. In The Cambridge Economic History of Europe , edited by M. M. Postan , vol. 1, chap. 6, 224–277. Cambridge, 1941. Bloch, Marc . Esquisse d'une histoire monétaire de l'Europe . Paris, 1954. Bloch, Marc . Land...

Bloch, Marc

Bloch, Marc (1886–1944)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
98 words

..., Marc ( 1886–1944 ). French historian , cofounder of Annales . A champion of comparative and ‘structural’ history who owed much to the theories of Durkheim , Bloch examined the relationship between collective beliefs, political and social institutions, and ideas of kingship in Les Rois thaumaturges ( 1924 ). He traced long‐term developments and extended the scope of historical evidence in Les Caractéres originaux de l'histoire rurale française ( 1931 ), drawing upon artefacts, ancient maps, place‐names, aerial surveys, and folklore; and in La...

Bloch, Marc

Bloch, Marc (1886–1944)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
127 words

..., Marc ( 1886–1944 ) A distinguished French medieval historian and geographer, co-founder of the Annales School , and therefore an important influence on historical sociology such as the world-systems theory of Immanuel Wallerstein . Bloch was an enthusiast of ‘totalizing’ approaches that emphasized the underlying movements in whole societies rather than either the activities of particular individuals or the chronology of specific events. His major works were French Rural History: An Essay on its Basic Characteristics ( 1931 ) and Feudal Society (...

Bloch, Marc

Bloch, Marc (1886–1944)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
343 words

..., Marc ( 1886–1944 ) A French historian who specialized in Medieval Europe and cofounded (with Lucien Febvre and Fernand Braudel ) the annales school of social history. Against the dominant political and military historiography of his day, Bloch articulated a much more comprehensive program of research into social and historical processes—one that integrated politics, economics, sociology, demographics, cultural and artistic production, and geography, and that above all was sensitive to the longue durée , or historical change over long periods of time...

Bloch, Marc

Bloch, Marc (1886–1944)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
255 words

..., Marc ( 1886–1944 ) French historian, who died fighting with the Resistance in World War II. Of French-Alsatian Jewish descent, Block was born in Lyons, where his father taught ancient history. He had moved to Paris, passed the necessary examinations, travelled widely, and taught in various lycées before ‘four years of fighting idleness’ interrupted his studies in 1914 ; for his activities during World War I he was admitted to the Légion d'honneur and awarded a Croix de Guerre. After acquiring his doctorate in 1920 , he taught first in Strasbourg and...

Marc Bloch

Marc Bloch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1886–1944)French historian, who died fighting with the Resistance in World War II.Of French-Alsatian Jewish descent, Block was born in Lyons, where his father taught ancient history. He had moved to ...
Liberation Theology: Europe

Liberation Theology: Europe   Reference library

Luise Schottroff and John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,737 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...a pre-history in liberation theology and philosophy (Ernst Bloch). Paul has been criticized because of his texts that are oppressive to women. In 1 Corinthians 11: 2–16 the woman is not, like the man, called the image of God; there is a theologically based hierarchy of Christ–man–woman. He is also criticized because of his theology of the cross. According to this criticism his theology of the cross is an instrument that prevents the human race from taking responsibility for itself (thus Ernst Bloch) and which also prescribes for women the role of sacrifice....

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...collared-rim store jars, terraced fields, and cisterns), or to claim that all of these villages and hamlets on both sides of the Jordan are “Israelite” just because they share a common material culture, is to commit a fallacy against which the great French medieval historian Marc Bloch warned, namely, of ascribing a widespread phenomenon to a “pseudo-local cause.” A general phenomenon must have an equally general cause. Comparison with a similar but widespread phenomenon often undermines purely local explanations. Now that archaeologists have collected the...

Albert Bloch

Albert Bloch  

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Overview Page
(1882–1961).Painter. Also a writer. A modernist at an early date, he ranks as the only American to exhibit with the expressionist Blue Rider group in Germany. His work also appeared in its so-called ...
Judaism and Jews in France

Judaism and Jews in France  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The history of Jews and Judaism in France falls into two broad sections: before and after the emancipation act of 1791, which accorded full citizenship to the Jewish ‘nations’. The ...
Annales School

Annales School  

[Th]A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses on the idea of the ...
Thurgood Marshall

Thurgood Marshall  

(1908–1993), civil rights lawyer, first African American Supreme Court justice, architect of the attack on legally mandated racial segregation that culminated in Brown v. Board of Education ...
Historiography

Historiography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
As in other parts of Europe, French historical writing has gone through a number of more or less distinct phases since the Middle Ages, of which it may be useful ...
estate

estate  

A social stratum to which are attached specific rights and duties sustained by the force of legal sanction. The most obvious examples are the peasants, serfs, burghers, clergy, and nobility of the ...
Fernand Braudel

Fernand Braudel  

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Overview Page
(1902–85)Frenchhistorian, best known as a leading light of the Annales School, and from his elevation to the Collège de France in 1949 until his death one of the most influential historians in ...
historiography

historiography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The study and writing of history. The recording and interpretation of past events began with the retelling of legends handed down through oral traditions: the epic poems Homer (fl. c.800 bc) were an ...
feudalism

feudalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
[De]A strictly hierarchical political and economic system in which land is granted in return for military or labour services.
Bloch, Albert

Bloch, Albert (1882–1961)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
344 words

... 1911 , Kandinsky and Franz Marc invited Bloch to join them and eleven others in the Blue Rider’s first exhibition, which opened in Munich and then traveled to Berlin and other German cities. Bloch also exhibited in the group’s second, and last, larger exhibition the following year in Munich. After he returned to the United States, he taught for a year in Chicago before accepting an offer to head the art department at the University of Kansas. Besides teaching both painting and art history, Bloch remained active as a writer of essays and poetry and a...

Annales School

Annales School ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
119 words

...School [Th] A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses on the idea of the history of ideologies, worldviews, and mental structures: the historical context. Key to this is the matter of time and the interrelationships between different timescales in the way that human beings perceive and operate within the world. History becomes a dialogue between the past and the present, the task of the investigator being to explore...

Annales School

Annales School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
111 words

...School A group of French historians named after a journal, Annales d’Histoire économique et Sociale (now Annales. Histoires, Sciences Sociales ), founded in 1929 by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre. The historiography they promoted focused on the social over the political, and rejected Marxist historical materialism because of its supposed fixation on economic processes. They were influenced by French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blache among others, and Annaliste histories paid close attention to geographical processes and to regional distinctiveness....

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