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Maṇi

Subject: Religion

(Skt.).

Jewel in the shape of a tear-drop, powerful in removing the causes of sorrow or of evil.

mani

mani   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
8 words

... [ It. , plural of mano ]...

Mani

Mani   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Mani was the third-century ce Persian prophet of Manichaeism ( see Manichaeism...

Mani

Mani   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Indian , 17th century, male. Painter . Mani probably lived around 1600. He belongs to the group of artists working under the Emperor Akbar the Great ( 1556–1605 ) and his son...

Maṇi

Maṇi   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19 words

... (Skt.). Jewel in the shape of a tear-drop, powerful in removing the causes of sorrow or of...

Mani

Mani   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
259 words

...Byz. legend of Mani, differing from that of Muslim sources, is developed in the Acta Archelai ; some details were added by Epiphanios of Salamis, Cyril of Jerusalem, Kedrenos , etc. According to this legend, Mani's real name was Skythianos ; in the days of the apostles, he settled among the Saracens; his wife, an Egyptian prostitute, urged Mani to go to Egypt, where he met a certain Terebinthos who became his disciple and recorded Mani's doctrines in four books— Mysteries, Chapters, Evangelion , and Treasure . Epiphanios relates that Mani-Skythianos was...

Mani

Mani   Reference library

Nicholas Baker-Brian and Matthew Canepa

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... , Manichaeism , and the Manichaeans The Manichaeans were the followers of Mani, a religious visionary, author, and tireless missionary from southern Mesopotamia ( 216– c. 276 ). Within his own lifetime Mani and his followers spread his teachings across inter alia Mesopotamia, Roman Egypt and North Africa , and Armenia as well as the Persian Empire . As early perhaps as the 240s, Mani had converted a Buddhist monarch in the Indus Valley to his teachings. Eventually the religion spread through Central Asia and China , where Manichaean...

Mani

Mani   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
551 words

...the period of the Slavic invasions. Byz. political control over the Mani was reasserted in the 9th C.; the Mani was part of the theme of the Peloponnesos. In the 13th C. the Mani was briefly under the control of the Franks who constructed great castles at Passava and Maina ; the Byz. recovered Mani by the treaty of 1262 , but their authority over the region remained nominal. The Ottomans added Mani to their territory after the fall of Mistra in 1460 . Christianity penetrated into Mani by the 5th C. and at least four churches built there in the 5th and 6th...

Mani

Mani   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
250 words

... (or Manes ) and Manichaeism . There are contradictions among the sources, but it appears that Mani ( c.216–76 ) was born near Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of the Persian Empire, and began teaching in 240. Opposition from the Zoroastrians forced him into exile. He returned in 242, was at first supported and then attacked by Sapor I , and was finally put to death by being flayed alive. Mani's system was a radical offshoot of Gnosticism . It was based on a supposed primeval conflict between light and darkness. It taught that the object of the...

Mani

Mani   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,170 words

...Hammadi and Manichaean Studies, 37; Leiden, 1995). On the Life of Mani, see A. Henrichs and L. Koenen , ‘ Ein griechischer Mani-Codex (P. Colon. inv. nr. 4780) ’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik , 5 (1970), 97–216 (the first report). It was ed., with comm., by idd., ibid. 19 (1975), pp. 1–85; 32 (1978), pp. 87–199; 44 (1981), pp. 201–318; and 48 (1982), pp. 1–59. Pages 1–99.8 of the codex are repr., with Eng. tr., by R. Cameron and A. J. Dewey , The Cologne Mani Codex (Society of Biblical Literature, Texts and Translations, 15;...

maṇi

maṇi (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...maṇi . ( T. nor bu ; C. moni / zhu ; J. mani / shu ; K. mani / chu 摩尼 ‎ / 珠 ‎ ). In Sanskrit and Pāli, “jewel”; one of the generic terms for a precious gem in Buddhist texts, appearing in such compounds as “wish-fulfilling jewel” ( cintāmaṇi ) and the famous mantra , oṃ maṇi padme hūṃ . In this mantra and elsewhere, the term is particularly associated with the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara . The term occurs commonly in most strata of Buddhist texts, both literally in descriptions of the heavens and pure lands and figuratively as a metaphor for...

Mani1

Mani1   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1 The moon . In Scandinavian mythology, the beautiful boy driver of the moon car, the son of Mundilfoeri . He is followed by a wolf which, when time shall cease to exist, will devour both Mani and his sister sol...

Maṇi Embrāntiri

Maṇi Embrāntiri  

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Music

... Embrāntiri ( b. Tchilakodu village, Manjeswaram, South Karnataka , 1885 ; d. Aluva , 1954 ) Singer of Kathakaḷi music . He lived near Aluva, near Kochi, Kerala. One of the few from the Brahminical Embrāntiri community to take to Kathakaḷi, Mani took music lessons mainly from Parameswaran Kutty Bhagavatar . He soon had a good career through Kathakaḷi troupes in Edappally and some other towns in...

Mani2

Mani2   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 2 or Manes or Manicheus The founder of Manicheanism, who was born in Persia ( c. 215 ad ) and was prominent in the reign of Shapur or Sapor I ( c. 241–272 ). Mani began his teaching c. 240 and was put to death c. 275 . His name is of uncertain origin. The many enemies of Manicheanism derived it from Greek mania , ‘folly’, ‘madness’, while his followers took it from Sanskrit mani , ‘pearl’, ‘jewel’. According to one school of thought, the true origin is probably in Syriac mono hayo , ‘living mud’. Manicheanism or Manichees Followers of Mani, who...

Mani, R.

Mani, R.  

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Music

..., R. (Kāraikuḍi) ( b. Chettinad, near Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu , 1945 ) Mridangam player, recipient of the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1998 . He was trained by Karaikudi Rangu Iyengar , T.R. Harihara Sarma , and K.N. Vaidyanathan . Apart from accompanying concert musicians, he has played in ensembles of fusion...

Mānī'lius

Mānī'lius   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
211 words

...'lius 1. Gaius Manilius Tribune for 67 / 6 bc , who carried a law conferring on Pompey the command against Mithridates, with imperium over all the provinces of Asia Minor. 2. Marcus Manilius (fl. beginning of the first century ad ) Stoic author of the Astronomica , a Latin didactic poem in hexameters in five books on astrology. It is clear that it was completed during the last years of Augustus' Principate and the succession of Tiberius. Unlike the Epicurean poet Lucretius, Manilius sees design and ‘heavenly reason’ in the organization of the...

Rao, Mani

Rao, Mani (1965)   Reference library

Vivek Narayan

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Mani ( 1965 – ) Born in India, Rao moved to Hong Kong in 1993 , where she published six of her eight books of poetry. More recently she has pursued doctoral studies in Sanskrit and religion while dividing her time between the USA and India. Neither personal biography nor geopolitical location is prominent in her poems, which are almost all short, no more than a page. She often works in frequently end-stopped, staccato lines of variable length, with a line not necessarily connecting to its predecessor, and with unstable pronouns and gender ambiguity...

Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī

Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī (1738)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
144 words

... Siṅgh, Bhāī (d. 1738 ce ). Sikh scholar and martyr . Manī visited Gurū Gobind Siṅgh , remained with him, and was later initiated by him. He remained celibate, devoting his life to the Gurū's service. After the death of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh , Manī Siṅgh remained as granthī in Amritsar . He was a learned exponent of the Ādi Granth, and to him are attributed Gyān Ratanāvalī , a janam-sākhī , and Bhagat Ratanāvalī , a list of famous Sikhs up to the time of Gurū Hargobind . In 1738 , Manī Siṅgh obtained permission from the Governor of Lahore,...

Maṇi Mādhava Chākyār

Maṇi Mādhava Chākyār  

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Music

... Mādhava Chākyār ( b. Palakkad district, Kerala , 1898 ; d. Kerala , 15 Jan. 1990 ) Eminent Kooṭiyāṭṭam performer . He received the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1964 , the Padma Shri in 1974 , and was made a Fellow of the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1983 . His gurus in Kooṭiyāṭṭam were Vasu Nambeesan , Sankaran Nambootiri (Panisseri), and Parikshit Rama Varma Tampuran . His disciples included Kochukuttan Chakyar (Ammannur), Mani Damodara Chakyar , Narayana Chakyar (Pothiyal), and his (MMC's) son Govindan Nambiar ...

Madurai Maṇi Iyer

Madurai Maṇi Iyer  

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Music

...Maṇi Iyer ( b. Madurai , 25 Oct. 1912 ; d. Chennai , 8 June 1968 ) Celebrated vocalist of Karnatik music. He was the son of Ramaswamy Iyer , elder brother of the well-known vocalist Madurai Pushpavanam Iyer . Widely honoured with many awards and citations, including the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1956 and Padma Bhushan in 1971 , Mani Iyer received basic training in vocal music from Madurai Rajam Bhagavatar and higher training from the stalwart Muthaiah Bhagavatar . He began singing on the public platform when he was only 12....

Chakiar, Mani Madhava

Chakiar, Mani Madhava (1899–1990)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
110 words

...Mani Madhava ( 1899–1990 ): *Kutiyattam master performer and scholar. Belonging to the Chakkiyar caste of Kerala, the hereditary custodians of Kutiyattam, he learnt Sanskrit as a boy and the repertoire from his uncles: Neelakanthan Chakiar , Parameswara Chakiar , Mani Madhava Chakiar (right) performing in the Kuttiyattam play Parvati viraham , 1981 and Narayana Chakiar . At the age of 14, he debuted as a performer. He took the initiative to stage Kutiyattam for the first time outside Kerala's temples. He wrote a book on the form and became one...

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