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Malaysia

Subject: History

Malaysia's ruling party is coming under increasing pressure. Malaysia has an unusual geographical composition. Its territory is evenly divided between a portion on the Asian ...

Malaysia

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World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Malaysia Physical map Political map...

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World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Malaysia adopted its present flag when it became a federation in 1963. The 14 red and white stripes represent the members of the federation. The dark-blue canton stands for Malaysia's unity and its place within the Commonwealth. The yellow star and crescent are symbols of Islam. Yellow is the colour of the...

Malaysia

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Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Malaysia , A Federation (Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia) since 1963 when it was created from the Federation of Malaya, North Borneo (now Sabah), Sarawak, and Singapore; Singapore left Malaysia in 1965 to become an independent sovereign state. Malaysia consists now of two regions, East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak) and West Malaysia (eleven states, based on historical Malay kingdoms), and three Federal Territories (although one, Labuan, is geographically in East Malaysia). West Malaysia is sometimes referred to as Peninsular Malaysia. West Malaysia was...

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
66 words

... , or the Malay archipelago, was long famous for its trade. English interest began in 1786 with the foundation of Penang and increased in the 1820s with the development of the Straits Settlement. The settlement became a crown colony in 1867 . It was amalgamated with other sultanates, previously held as protectorates, to form the Federation of Malaya in 1948 . In 1957 the Malaysian Federation became...

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
610 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the South China Sea. Physical East Malaysia comprises Sarawak and Sabah in the north and north-west of the island of Borneo. West, or Peninsular, Malaysia comprises the former Federation of Malaya and occupies the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, extending south from the south-east Asian mainland and bounded on the north by Thailand and on the south by Singapore; it has a south-western coast on the Strait of Malacca. Economy Crude oil, gas, electronics, palm oil, and rubber are important exports, with Malaysia being a leading producer of rubber and palm...

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David Anthony Washbrook

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
102 words

... , or the Malay archipelago , was long famous for its trade. In the 15th cent., an important sultanate arose at Malacca and the region was subject to Islamic conversion. The Portuguese took Malacca in 1511 and, subsequently, the Dutch exercised a pervasive hegemony. English interest began in 1786 with the foundation of Penang and increased in the 1820s with the development of the Straits Settlement. The settlement became a crown colony in 1867 . It was amalgamated with other sultanates, previously held as protectorates, to form the Federation of...

Malaysia

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The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,112 words

...federation of Malaysia (Singapore withdrew in 1965 ). The country is pluralistc, and every ethnic group has minority status within the federation. Among the people of East Malaysia (the northern shores of the former Borneo) and the jungles of West Malaysia (peninsular Southeast Asia) are found many traditional dances as well as dance dramas. Chinese opera and Indian bangsawan theater and dance are also parts of Malaysia's culture. This article, however, deals only with traditional (desa) arts as defined by the Malaysian government. Trance Dances Indonesian...

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
1,252 words
Illustration(s):
4

...broke out in 1969 but did not escalate into armed conflict. Indonesia, which objected to Sabah and Sarawak joining Malaysia, adopted confrontational policies which drove Malaysia to increase its defence expenditure. Keen to remain independent of the Western bloc, by 1967 Malaysia was playing a major part in regional affairs through its membership of ASEAN (the Association of South-east Asian Nations). Politics From the 1970s Malaysia achieved rapid economic progress. This increased under the leadership of Dr Mahathir Mohamad , who became prime minister...

Malaysia

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A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,366 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of natural rubber have declined, but more processing is now done in Malaysia, so rubber as a percentage of exports has increased this century, peaking in 2011 at over 5 per cent. Malaysia produces around 40 per cent of the world’s palm oil. Malaysia is also reliant on immigrant labour. In 2011 , foreign residents were officially 8 per cent of the population but there may be one million more migrants there illegally, primarily from Indonesia. Contemporary politics Malaysia’s distinctive ethnic mix has also had a profound impact on its political...

Malaysia

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
3,612 words
Illustration(s):
2

...History of Malaysia: Linking East and West . Crows Nest, N.S.W., Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2003. Hoyt , Sarnia Hayes . Old Malacca . Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Oxford University Press, 1993. Kahn, Joel S. , and Francis Loh Kok Wah , eds. Fragmented Vision: Culture and Politics in Contemporary Malaysia . Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1992. Lee Kam Hing and Tan Chee-Beng , eds. The Chinese in Malaysia . Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Oxford University Press, 1999. Lim , Teck Ghee . Peasants and Their Agricultural Economy in Colonial Malaysia, 1874–1941 ....

Malaysia

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Robert Powell

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
555 words

...Building ( 1977 ) by James Ferrie and Partners dominated the skyline of Kota Kinabalu. Reaction to rapid change came in the form of vernacular revivalism, when a Malaysian identity in architecture was sought. This was evident in the design of the Sabah Museum ( 1984 ) in Kota Kinabalu. The destruction of Malaysia’s built heritage led, in 1983 , to the formation of Badan Warisan Malaysia , a non-government organization that has had some success in raising the level of appreciation of historic buildings. The conservation of Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion (...

Malaysia

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,455 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . A multiethnic and multireligious nation, Malaysia spans two land masses, Peninsular and East Malaysia, and has thirteen states and three federal territories. Its population of 26 million comprises the original inhabitants, the aborigines; three dominant ethnicities (Malays, Chinese, and Indians); as well as numerous smaller ethnic groups. Islam is the national religion, but a range of other religious beliefs are also practiced. The country is headed by a constitutional monarch, with executive powers in the hands of the cabinet led by the prime...

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Graham K. Brown

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,100 words

...saw little chance of a peaceful future for Malaysia. Yet, with the exception of severe ethnic riots in 1969 , the country has largely escaped widespread violence, although critics contend that it has done so through a near-apartheid political system and that, while violence has been avoided, ethnic relations are perilously poor. The very emergence of Malaysia as a territorial unit—spread across the small but densely populated Malay Peninsula and the large but sparsely populated East Malaysian states on the island of Borneo—was an act of ethnic...

Malaysia

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M. Kamal Hassan, Osman Bakar, and Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,729 words

...that Malaysia was already an Islamic state. Most important to Mahathir, however, was Malaysia's economic development, which is the legacy of his rule that is best remembered and most widely acknowledged. His political aim was “to make Islam in Malaysia synonymous with economic progress and modernization.” Under his twenty-two-year rule Malaysia witnessed the most significant Islamic and economic transformations in its history. Malaysia in 2010 was the sixteenth-largest trading nation in the world. With economic progress and independence, Malaysia under...

Malaysia

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The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,375 words

... . Comprising Peninsular Malaysia, previously known as Malaya, which lies at the southeastern tip of the Asian continental landmass, and Sabah and Sarawak, which occupy the northwestern flank of the island of Borneo, to the east of Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia has a population of about 23 million, of which about four fifths is in Peninsular Malaysia. The indigenous Muslim-Malay community constitutes about three fifths of the population on the peninsula, with ethnic Chinese accounting for a quarter and ethnic Indians for less than a tenth. In Sabah and...

Malaysia

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The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,533 words

...of Malaysia . 2d ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001. The best and most up-to-date single-volume history of Malaysia. Aun, Wu Min . The Malaysian Legal System . Kuala Lumpur: Malayan Law Journal Sdn. Bhd., 1994. Slightly outdated, but the most comprehensive single-volume work. Harding, A. J. , Law, Government and the Constitution in Malaysia . Kuala Lumpur: Malayan Law Journal Sdn. Bhd., 1996. The most incisive and analytical monograph on Malaysia's constitution. Tan, K. Y. L. , and Thio Li-ann . Tan Yeo and Lee's Constitutional Law in Malaysia...

Malaysia

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
10,223 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Thirty Years of Malaysian Art (exh. cat. by S. A. Jamal ; Kuala Lumpur, N.A.G., 1987) T. Chee Khuan : Penang Artists, 1920–1990 (Penang, 1990) The Malaysianness of Malaysian Art: The Question of Identity (exh. cat. by Z. Ali ; Kuala Lumpur, N.A.G., 1991) Z. Ali : The Art Scene in Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur, 1994) K. Jit and others: Vision and Idea: Relooking Modern Malaysian Art (Kuala Lumpur, 1994) K. P. Khuan : “ The Story of a Museum: Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM), ” A. Asia , xxxiii/1 (2003), pp. 117–24 VI. Other arts . Malaysia has a rich...

Malaysia

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
955 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., the Federation of Malaya joined with Singapore, Sarawak , and Sabah to form the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 . Its territorial integrity was immediately threatened by Indonesia in the abortive Confrontation ( Konfrontasi ). Owing to increased demands from the Chinese community in Singapore, the city was effectively expelled from the Federation in 1965 . However, ethnic tensions erupted again in 1969 , and proved a watershed in Malaysian history. Abdul Rahman's policies of compromise were abandoned. Henceforward, the Malayan...

Malaysia

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,290 words

...put a tremendous strain on Malaysia's institutions. Nor, of course, was Malaysia independent of the outside world, as the economic crisis of 1997–1998 emphasized. It was a high-risk policy. Omitted from union and federation, Singapore had been included in Malaysia in 1963 . Tunku Abdul Rahman , then prime minister, had hoped to balance the inclusion of that predominantly Chinese city by the inclusion also of the Borneo territories. When Singapore was extruded in 1965 , Sarawak and Sabah remained part of Malaysia. They had been British colonies only...

Malaysia

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,137 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Islam. Most important to Mahathir, however, was Malaysia's economic development, which is the legacy of his rule that is best remembered and most widely acknowledged. His political aim was “to make Islam in Malaysia synonymous with economic progress and modernization.” Under his twenty-two year rule, Malaysia witnessed the most significant Islamic and economic transformations in its history. Malaysia today is the seventeenth largest trading nation in the world. With economic progress and independence, Malaysia under Mahathir was free to pursue an independent...

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