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Overview

Lydia

Was a territory in western Asia Minor, centred in the lower Hermus and Cayster valleys. Lydia contained much natural wealth, and lying on two main routes from the coast to the interior of ...

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...reduction, self-efficacy, and sexual behavior . AIDS Behavior , 11, 471–478. Worthington, C. , & Myers, T. (2002). Desired elements of HIV testing services: Test recipient perspectives . AIDS Patient Care and STDs , 16, 537–548. Kosta N. Kalogerogiannis , Richard Hibbert , Lydia M. Franco , Taiwanna Messam , and Mary M. McKay Children HIV/AIDS has introduced an array of issues and needs for children, youth, and their families. Family-focused interventions have emerged as a viable strategy for researchers and practitioners seeking effective and...

Lydia

Lydia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
176 words

... was a territory in western Asia Minor, centred in the lower Hermus and Cayster valleys. Lydia contained much natural wealth, and lying on two main routes from the coast to the interior of Anatolia it was an entrepôt, exposed to Greek and Anatolian influences, which are reflected in its civilization, art, and cults. Under the Mermnad dynasty ( c. 700–546 bc ) Lydia was a powerful kingdom, which by the time of its last king Croesus had incorporated all the plateau of Anatolia up to the river Halys. After his defeat, Lydia became the chief Persian satrapy...

Lydia

Lydia   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... In the New Testament, a ‘seller of purple’ ( Acts 16:14 ) who is converted when she hears paul preach. She is traditionally regarded as the first Christian convert in...

Lydia

Lydia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
39 words

... Paul's first convert in Europe; she was a * Gentile attracted to * Judaism ; possibly a freedwoman and a widow; she sold purple‐dyed cloth, and was sufficiently well‐off to give Paul and * Silas * hospitality at * Philippi (Acts 16: 15,...

Lydia

Lydia   Reference library

William Moir Calder, John Manuel Cook, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and Amélie Kuhrt

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
400 words

...the Mermnad dynasty ( c. 700–546 bc ) Lydia was a powerful kingdom, which by the time of its last king Croesus had incorporated all the plateau of Anatolia up to the Halys . After his defeat, Lydia became the chief Persian satrapy in the west, with its headquarters at Sardis ; this satrapy was in close political relations with the Greek city-states throughout the Persian period. The conquest by Alexander (3) the Great opened Lydia to Graeco-Macedonian colonization; under Seleucid control (from 280) Lydia was an important satrapy for Seleucid rule...

Lydia

Lydia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
54 words

... Ancient kingdom of w Asia Minor. Under the Mermnad dynasty ( c .700–547 bc ), it was a powerful and prosperous state, the first to issue a coinage, with its capital at Sardis. Its last King was Croesus , famous for his wealth, who was defeated by the Persians under Cyrus the Great in 547 bc...

Lydia

Lydia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,374 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in late Roman times . To posterity, however, ancient Lydia has left more legend than legacy. The impact of Lydian military power and wealth on the ancient Greeks secured a permanent niche for Lydia in Classical and Western tradition. The riches of Lydia and the mercurial fortunes of Lydian kings became common paradigms in Greek and Latin literature. Croesus was commemorated in Greek vase painting and Gyges in Greek tragedy; both figures recur in western European poetry, drama and art. Lydia , Sardis, synagogue, 3rd century ad Vanni / Art Resource,...

Lydia

Lydia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
809 words

... Rising to power in the eighth century bce , Lydia was an extensive kingdom covering much of western Anatolia after the fall of Phrygia. Lydia was known to Homer as “Maeonia” ( Iliad 2.865, 5.43, 9.431) and Herodotus reports that its name was changed in honor of Lydus, son of King Attis (1.7). Linguistically, Lydian was an Indo-European language, related to Luwian and Hittite, but inscriptions are few and rare outside the capital of Sardis. Consequently Greek sources are our key source, but these are often heavily mythologized. For example, the Italian...

Lydia

Lydia (Turkey)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Lydia , Turkey ( Mæonia ) A historic kingdom sandwiched between ancient Mysia to the north and Caria to the south, it was named after Lydus, one of its kings. At the height of its power in c. 650–550 bc , its capital, Sardis, was the richest city in the world. In 561–546 bc , its king was Croesus . Fabulously rich, his name became synonymous with wealth: ‘as rich as Croesus’....

Lydia

Lydia   Reference library

Stephen Mitchell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A province of the Dioecesis Asiana in western Anatolia , governed by a Consularis and based on the Hermus Valley around the administrative centre of Sardis . The rich and productive agricultural land around Sardis, Thyateira to the north, and Philadelphia to the east, and in the Cayster Valley east of Ephesus , rarely features in historical sources of Late Antiquity and has produced few inscriptions. The region appears to have become unsettled in the mid- 6th century , when in 553 it was placed under a military commander called a Biokolytes (...

Lydia family

Lydia family   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... family A small family of asteroids at a mean distance of about 2.75 au from the Sun. The family is unusual in that its members are of varying composition. The largest member is the T-type (308) Polyxo, diameter 129 km. The family is named after (110) Lydia, an M-type asteroid, diameter 86 km, discovered in 1870 by the French astronomer Louis Alphonse Nicolas Borrelly ( 1842–1926 ). Lydia’s orbit has a semimajor axis of 2.73 au, period 4.52 years, perihelion 2.51 au, aphelion 2.95 au, and inclination...

Mordkovitch, Lydia

Mordkovitch, Lydia (1950)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
42 words

...Lydia ( b Saratov , 1950 ; d London 2014 ) Russian‐born violinist . Emigrated to Israel 1974 , then settled in Eng. Brit. début with Hallé Orch 1979 . Proms début 1985 . Advocate of 20th cent. concs., notably those of Moeran, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, and...

Davis, Lydia

Davis, Lydia (1947– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...Lydia ( 1947–  ) American short-story writer , novelist , and translator The Thirteenth Woman and Other Stories ( 1976 ) Fiction Short Stories Sketches for a Life of Wassilly ( 1981 ) Fiction Short Stories Story and Other Stories ( 1985 ) Fiction Short Stories Break It Down ( 1986 ) Fiction Short Stories The End of the Story ( 1995 ) Fiction Almost No Memory ( 1997 ) Fiction Short Stories Samuel Johnson is Indignant ( 2001 ) Fiction Short Stories Proust, Blanchot and a Woman in Red ( 2007 ) Fiction Short Stories Varieties...

Mendoza, Lydia

Mendoza, Lydia (21 May 1916)   Reference library

Jacqueline Avila

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
280 words

...a male point of view. Mendoza received several prestigious awards including the National Heritage Fellowship Award in 1982 and the National Medal of Arts in 1999 . Bibliography C. Strachwitz and J. Nicopulos : Lydia Mendoza: a Family Autobiography (Houston, 1993) Y. Broyles-González : Lydia Mendoza's Life in Music/La historia de Lydia Mendoza (New York, 2001) J. Koegel : “Crossing Borders: Mexicana, Tejana, and Chicana Musicians in the United States and Mexico,” From Tejano to Tango: Latin American Popular Music , ed. W. Clark (New York, 2002),...

Ly'dia

Ly'dia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
272 words

...and west to the territories of the Greek cities on the coast. It is clear from the poems of Alcaeus and Sappho that Lydia was not regarded as barbarian but enjoyed great esteem as a semi-Hellenic state; it was said to be the first country to use coined money . After Croesus was defeated by the Persian king Cyrus, Lydia became the chief Persian satrapy in the west, and was often a threat to the autonomy of the Greek cities. It was closely connected with Greek history during the classical period. After its conquest by Alexander the Great in 333 bc it was...

Lipkowska, Lydia

Lipkowska, Lydia (25 May)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
260 words

...Lydia [ Lydia née Marschner ] ( Yakovlevna Lydia Lipkowska ) [ Lipkovskaya, Lidiya ] ( b Babino , 25 May / 6 June 1882 ; d Beirut , 22 March 1958 ). Russian soprano . She studied at the St Petersburg Conservatory, and sang in St Petersburg at the Imperial Opera ( 1906–8 and 1911–13 ) and in private opera companies ( 1913–15 ). In 1909 she sang at the Thêatre du Châtelet, Paris and then in the USA, appearing with the companies of Boston ( 1909 ) and Chicago ( 1910 ), and singing with the Metropolitan Opera ( 1909–11 ). She made her...

Lopokova, Lydia

Lopokova, Lydia (October 1891)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
685 words

...Beaumont, Cyril W. The Art of Lydia Lopokova , London, 1920. Garafola, Lynn . Diaghilev's Ballets Russes . New York and Oxford, 1989. Hill, Polly , and Richard Keynes , eds. Lydia and Maynard: The Letters of Lydia Lopokova and John Maynard Keynes . London, 1989. Keynes, Milo , ed. Lydia Lopokova . London, 1983. A collection of essays by various contributors, including Fedor Lupukhov, Anton Dolin, Ninette de Valois, Frederick Ashton, and Cecil Beaton; several pieces of writing by Lopokova are appended. Lopokova, Lydia . Serge Diaghileff . Obituary. ...

Thompson, Lydia

Thompson, Lydia (1836–1908)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
158 words

...Lydia ( 1836–1908 ), actress . A yellow‐haired beauty whose ample proportions pleased an overstuffed era, she caused a sensation in New York in 1868 when she arrived from her native London with her troupe of British blondes to perform a series of burlesque musicals such as Ixion; or, The Man at the Wheel and The Forty Thieves . The most shapely of the girls, including Thompson, regularly assumed the trouser roles in these offerings, so as to show off their legs. Although the more prudish and finicky critics found some of her entertainments...

Cabrera, Lydia

Cabrera, Lydia (1899–1991)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
682 words

.... Castellanos, Isabel , and Josefina Inclán , eds. En torno a Lydia Cabrera. Cincuentenario de “Cuentos negros de Cuba” (1936–1986) . Miami: E. Universal, 1987. Quiroga, José . “Queer Desires in Lydia Cabrera.” In Tropics of Desire: Interventions from Queer Latino America , 76–100. New York: New York University Press, 2000. Rodríguez-Mangual, Edna M. Lydia Cabrera and the Construction of an Afro-Cuban Identity . North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Simo, Ana María . Lydia Cabrera: An Intimate Portrait . New York: Intar Latin American...

Kyasht, Lydia

Kyasht, Lydia (25 Mar. 1885)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
233 words

...Kyasht, Lydia ( Kyaksht ) ( b St Petersburg , 25 Mar. 1885 ; d London , 11 Jan. 1959 ) Russian-British dancer and teacher . She studied at the St Petersburg Imperial Ballet School with Gerdt and graduated into the Mariinsky Theatre in 1902 , dancing there until 1908 . She was also a soloist with the Bolshoi ( 1903–4 ) and performed in various concert recitals. She claimed to be the first to dance Fokine 's Dying Swan in 1905 . In 1908 she went to London where she succeeded Genée as prima ballerina at the Empire Theatre, performing there...

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