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Luigi Figini

(1903–84). Italian architect. He formed a partnership with Gino Pollini (1903–91) in 1929, and, with Terragni and others, founded Gruppo 7 in 1926. He was a leading figure in ...

Figini, Luigi

Figini, Luigi (1903–84)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
100 words

..., Luigi ( 1903–84 ) Italian architect , a leading figure in Rationalisim , he formed ( 1929 ) a partnership with Gino Pollini ( 1903–91 ), and, with Terragni and others, founded ( 1926 ) Gruppo 7 . He and Pollini were involved ( 1934–57 ) in the design and extension of the Olivetti Factory, Ivrea, where Modern-Movement principles were applied. Their Madonna dei Poveri ( 1952–4 ), Milan, had themes drawn from industrial and administrative architecture adapted to a basilican arrangement. Blasi ( 1963 ) ; E ( 1994 ) ; Savi ( 1980 ) ; Seta (...

Figini, Luigi

Figini, Luigi (1903–84)   Reference library

Brian L. McLaren

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
195 words

..., Luigi ( 1903–84 ) and Pollini, Gino ( 1903–1991 ) Italian architect s who formed a partnership in 1929 . Both were founding members of the Gruppo 7, whose manifestos in the journal Rassegna Italiana ( 1926–7 ) marked the beginning of Italian Rationalism. Their early architectural experiments, characterized by a fusion of European Modernism with Mediterranean themes, included the Casa Elettrica for the 4th Biennale in Monza ( 1930 ), and the villa-studio per un’artista at the 5th Triennale in Milan ( 1933 ). During the Fascist period (...

Luigi Figini

Luigi Figini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1903–84).Italian architect. He formed a partnership with Gino Pollini (1903–91) in 1929, and, with Terragni and others, founded Gruppo 7 in 1926. He was a leading figure in Italian Rationalism. From ...
Gruppo

Gruppo  

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Overview Page
Association of seven Italian architects (Ubaldo Castagnoli (soon replaced by A. Libera), L. Figini, Guido Frette (1901– ), Sebastiano Larco (1901– ), G. Pollini, Carlo Enrico Rava (1903–85), and G. ...
Italy, 1900–43

Italy, 1900–43  

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Overview Page
Stile Liberty and Futurism The first major tendency in twentieth-century Italian architecture, Stile Liberty, was a product of the interaction of Art Nouveau design with regional decorative ...
Italy, 1943–2000

Italy, 1943–2000  

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Overview Page
Modernism, Neo-Realism, and Neo-Liberty Immediately following World War II, Italian architects continued to struggle with the conflict between European Modernism and a specifically Italian identity. ...
Giuseppe Terragni

Giuseppe Terragni  

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 (1904–43) Italian architect who has been most closely associated with the movement of Italian Rationalism.In fact, other than Antonio Sant’Elia, he is the most celebrated Italian architect to appear ...
BBPR

BBPR  

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Architectural Partnership founded in Milan in 1932 by Gianluigi Banfi (1910–45), Lodovico Barbiano di Belgiojoso (1909–2004), Enrico Peressutti (1908–76), and Ernesto Nathan Rogers. Like many Italian ...
Olivetti

Olivetti  

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Overview Page
(established 1908)For much of its history the Olivetti company has embraced the highest aesthetic standards throughout its corporate activities: architecture, interiors, advertising, graphics, ...
Rationalism

Rationalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
269 words

...An Italian movement in tune with the progressive tenets of Modernism in the 1920s and 1930s, Rationalism initially centred on the activities of Gruppo Sette , an architectural group founded in 1926 , the members of which included Luigi Figini , Gino Pollini , and Giuseppe Terragni . Their designs were characterized by the manipulation of clean, abstract forms harnessed to new materials and the potential of contemporary technologies. They hoped that their progressive aesthetic might become the official style in Mussolini’s Fascist Italy...

BBPR

BBPR   Reference library

Brian L. McLaren

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
159 words

...Partnership of Italian architects Gian Luigi Banfi ( 1910–45 ), Ludovico Barbiano di Belgiojoso ( 1909–2004 ), Enrico Peressutti ( 1908–76 ), and Ernesto Nathan Rogers ( 1909–69 ), founded in 1932 . During the Fascist period ( 1922–43 ) they participated in the journal Quadrante ( 1933–6 ) to espouse a rationalist tendency that was an affirmation of Classicism and Mediterraneanism. Their projects included a proposal, with Figini and Pollini, for the Palazzo del Littorio Competition in Rome ( 1933 ) and a Sun Treatment Clinic in Legnano ( 1938 ,...

Italy, 1900–43

Italy, 1900–43   Reference library

Brian L. McLaren

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
939 words

...di lavoro dei ciechi di guerra ( 1930–31 ) explore the sculptural qualities of space and surface. The next major architectural movement, Rationalism, began in 1926 with the publication of a series of manifestos by the Gruppo 7, whose original members were Ubaldo Castagnoli, Figini and Pollini , Guido Frette, Sebastiano Larco, Carlo Enrico Rava, and Giuseppe Terragni . In a manner parallel to the writings of Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, this group proclaimed that architecture was to be based on logic and rationality, deriving its aesthetic value from...

Olivetti

Olivetti (1908)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,021 words

...design, the latter field also being one in which the graphic design company Studio Boggeri played a significant shaping role. The Rationalist architects Luigi Figini and Gino Pollini underlined the progressive image of the company in their design of Olivetti housing and factory buildings in 1939 . Products from this period included the Studio 42 typewriter of 1935 by Schawinsky, Figini, and Pollini and the MC 4S Summa calculator of 1940 by Marcello Nizzoli. In the post‐Second World War era the company boosted its overseas markets by opening...

International Style

International Style   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,920 words
Illustration(s):
1

...them were from Germany, including Marcel Breuer , Walter Gropius , Ernst May , Erich Mendelsohn , Mies van der Rohe and Hans Scharoun . The Netherlands was represented by the work of J. J. P. Oud , Mart Stam , Johannes Brinkman and L. C. van der Vlugt ; Italy by Luigi Figini and Gino Pollini ; France by Le Corbusier and André Lurçat; Spain by José Manuel de Aizpúrua and Joaquín Labayen ; Finland by Alvar Aalto and Erik Bryggman ; Sweden by Gunnar Asplund and Sven Markelius ; Switzerland by Werner Moser ; Britain by Joseph...

Politics and Aesthetics

Politics and Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
20,958 words
Illustration(s):
2

...glory, the nineteenth-century unification of Italy, and fascism's imperial aspirations. The use of historical references also has relevance for an evaluation of modernist architecture of the Italian rationalists or Gruppo Sette, composed of architects Adalberto Libera , Luigi Figini , Guido Frette , Sebastiano Larco , Gino Pollini , Carlo Enrico Rava , and Guiseppe Terragni. The historians Diane Ghirardo and Richard Etlin have attributed the conflation of traditionalist and modernist themes in the architecture of the Italian rationalists to Gruppo...

Politics

Politics   Reference library

Thijs Lijster, Steven C. Dubin, Mark Antliff, and James Miller

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
19,455 words
Illustration(s):
2

...glory, the nineteenth-century unification of Italy, and fascism’s imperial aspirations. The use of historical references also has relevance for an evaluation of modernist architecture of the Italian rationalists or Gruppo Sette, comprising architects Adalberto Libera, Luigi Figini, Guido Frette, Sebastiano Larco, Gino Pollini, Carlo Enrico Rava, and Guiseppe Terragni. The historians Diane Ghirardo and Richard Etlin have attributed the conflation of traditionalist and modernist themes in the architecture of the Italian rationalists to Gruppo Sette’s...

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