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Literary Theory

Subject: History

Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into ...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,935 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...profound affects of life? The literary and aesthetic theories of Coleridge and De Quincey elaborate different but interrelated responses to the late-eighteenth-century ‘turn’ to the subject exemplified by Kant. It would not be an exaggeration to suggest that De Quincey's epistemological scepticism is for Coleridge the unwanted double that his aesthetic and literary speculations attempt again and again to expel. This double is at its most insistent whenever the question of the legitimacy of Coleridge's aesthetic and literary theories arises. For example, if, as I...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
135 words

... Theory . Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle ; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric . The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour in the 1970s and 1980s to refer to certain modern approaches to the study of literature, differing on the one hand from literary history , and on the other from the less systematic kinds of literary criticism . In many cases this involved applying to literature insights derived from philosophy or the human sciences (notably linguistics and ...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

Sandrine Sanos and Lingzhen Wang

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
6,218 words

...begin ripping literary theorizing about women away from its moorings in sociology and history and reshaping Lacanian and other theories to address women's writing and women in writing. Some theories in the United States hewed to the more sociologically oriented course set by Woolf , and battles raged in the 1980s over the use of French theory versus the use of more Anglo‐American ideas. As French feminist theory traveled the world, it also encountered socialist and Marxist theory, particularly and interestingly in China. French Literary Theory. The body of...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
8,606 words

... Theory The modern word “theory” derives from the Greek theoria , a “looking at,” “witnessing,” or “observing,” “contemplation” or “speculation,” as well as “a sight” or “spectacle.” In contemporary usage “theory” refers to a conceptual system, often with its own special terminology, that names and explains complicated phenomena that cannot be understood through observation alone. Theory is often opposed to “practice”; theory is the abstract reasoning or hypotheses guiding actions, decisions, ethical choices, or political strategies. Within literary...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,500 words

...A. J. Minnis and A. B. Scott , Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c.1100–1375 (1988); Z. G. Baranski , ‘ Sole nuovo, luce nuova’: saggi sul rinnovamento culturale in Dante (1996). 2. The Renaissance Literary theory in Italy developed in two broadly century-long phases during the Renaissance: in the 15th c. it was largely in Latin and about Latin literature, classical or humanist ; in the 16th c. it was mainly in and about the volgare . In the 15th c. the first major impetus to literary theory was provided by the 1421 discovery of the Lodi...

Lesbian Literary Theory

Lesbian Literary Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,264 words

...and specific theories of reading and writing, lesbian literary theory is always on the verge of declaring itself impossible, even as it sketches the parameters of what lesbian theories and practices might be. Lesbian literary theories are premised upon some aspect—position, essence, characteristics, worldview—attributed to a lesbian category treated as an identity or epistemological position. Theories of lesbian reading, writing, literary history, aesthetics, and cultural criticism depend upon the qualities of this lesbian position. For this reason, debates...

Literary Theory in America

Literary Theory in America   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
10,821 words

...of American literary theory, we need first to clarify the nature and purposes of literary theory in general. What is Literary Theory? Literary theory is the study of general principles governing the production, reception, or textual organization of literary works. There are two broad types of literary theory, normative and descriptive. Normative theories provide principles for evaluating literary works. They may be subdivided into aesthetic theories, which treat the literary qualities of works, and ethical/political theories, which treat the moral...

Literary Criticism and Theory

Literary Criticism and Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,158 words

... Criticism and Theory . Latino literary criticism and theory had its genesis in North American universities during the mid 1980s. The major schools of this criticism mix literary theory with methods borrowed from formalist, Marxist, feminist, poststructuralist, reader response, and New Historicist theories or methods. Latino literary criticism and theory can also be read as a series of loose projects with certain regional tendencies, particularly those of California, the Southwest, and the Northeast. The unique investments of critics pursuing research in...

Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, and the Bible

Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, and the Bible   Reference library

Rhiannon Graybill

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,016 words

... Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, and the Bible The terms “literary criticism” and “literary theory” are used in biblical studies to indicate a range of literary and theoretical approaches to the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. Literary critical interpretations begin with the assumption that the Bible is literature and proceed using the tools, strategies, and methodologies of literary analysis. While literary criticism and literary theory come to biblical studies from other disciplines in the humanities (chiefly English and modern literatures),...

literary theory and the classics

literary theory and the classics   Reference library

Michael Stephen Silk

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,851 words

... theory and the classics Western literary theory is a long-established series of attempts to make sense of literary practice and experience over three millennia. There are at least four ways in which theory and the classics are significantly interconnected. (i) Theory itself begins in classical antiquity. (ii) Ancient theory continues to be the main source for theory in general until the latter part of the 18th cent., though only an intermittent point of reference after that. (iii) Greco-Roman literature provides most of the specifiable archetypes for...

literary theory and classical studies

literary theory and classical studies   Reference library

Michael Stephen Silk

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,440 words

... theory and classical studies Western literary theory is a long-established series of attempts to make sense of literary practice and experience over three millennia. There are at least four ways in which theory and the classics are significantly interconnected. (i) Theory itself begins in classical antiquity. (ii) Ancient theory continues to be the main source for theory in general until the latter part of the 18th cent., though only an intermittent point of reference after that. (iii) Greco-Roman literature provides most of the specifiable archetypes...

Marxism, Economic Theory, and Asian American Literary Studies

Marxism, Economic Theory, and Asian American Literary Studies   Reference library

Mark Chiang

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...it has always occupied a somewhat equivocal place in Asian American studies. In Asian American literary studies, the seminal work of Lisa Lowe located questions of capitalist exploitation and national citizenship at the heart of the field, but her theoretical paradigm was derived from post-Marxist frameworks of cultural studies and postcolonial theory, as well as the racial formation theory of Michael Omi and Howard Winant. The latter decisively rejected theories of race that reduced it simply to an effect of class conflict or capitalist exploitation,...

literary theory

literary theory noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
Literary Theory

Literary Theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Theoretical approaches to literature are as old as Aristotle; they include in France the poetics of classicism and the lessons of rhetoric. The term ‘literary theory’, however, came into favour ...
Literary Criticism and Theory

Literary Criticism and Theory  

Latino literary criticism and theory had its genesis in North American universities during the mid 1980s. The major schools of this criticism mix literary theory with methods borrowed from formalist ...
Literary Theory in America

Literary Theory in America  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
American literary theorists have drawn on philosophical, psychological, political, and other works to understand the nature and function of literature. Indeed, American literary theory is in some ...
Lesbian Literary Theory

Lesbian Literary Theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Lesbian literary theories vary widely, depending upon how each theory understands the category lesbian and how essentially linked the category is to processes such as reading and writing. Brought ...
literary theory and classical studies

literary theory and classical studies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
One of the most striking features of 20th-cent. intellectual life has been the attention paid to literary theory, especially from the time of the 1960s. This intellectual ferment has produced ...
18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,963 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that includes Bentley, Housman, and Theobald. It is an exaggeration to say that all subsequent textual critical theory consists of footnotes to Greg; nonetheless, a high proportion of writing on the subject over the last half century has elaborated and developed Greg’s thinking, or positioned itself in opposition to his tenets or their implications. Greg’s rationale continues to provide a vital framework for editors working on English literary texts. Greg’s most notable expositors and followers have been *Bowers and *Tanselle . Greg’s expertise (like...

Novels

Novels   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,137 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...significant a part of Godwin's literary imagination. Lodore ( 1835 ) and Falkner ( 1837 ) examine family bonds and contemporary society. The boundaries of the conventional novel were also challenged by the *satires and historical romances of Thomas Love *Peacock . Peacock draws significantly on elements of classical literary tradition: on the prose satires of Lucian and Menippus, on Aristophanic chorus, on Socratic dialogue. Strikingly alert to the technicalities and the expressive possibilities of a wide range of literary modes, he is best known for the...

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