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Light That Failed

Subject: Literature

A novel by Kipling, published in Lipincott's Monthly Magazine (New York, 1890); it follows the relationship between adventurous soldier‐artist Dick Heldar and New Woman painter Maisie, ...

Light That Failed

Light That Failed  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A novel by Kipling, published in Lipincott's Monthly Magazine (New York, 1890); it follows the relationship between adventurous soldier‐artist Dick Heldar and New Woman painter Maisie, tracking their ...
Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development

Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development   Reference library

Ahmad Khurshid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,573 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...been made to re-think the basic issues of development economics in the light of the ideals and values of Islam and its world strategy. How does this policy and the actual developments stand in relation to Islam? It would be correct to say that developmental policies have been, more or less, Islam-neutral. As against this unfortunate “fact,” it is our submission that as far as Islam is concerned, it cannot be neutral vis-à-vis economic development. But there is no evidence to support that generally speaking, the policy makers derived any inspiration worth the...

The Third Way

The Third Way   Reference library

Mu ‘Ammar Al-Qadhdhāfī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,921 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...not be evil. We must search for justice in this subject. . . . We must search out the causes of corruption to discover what it is that makes man sow corruption on earth in order to eliminate these causes so that man may be just and society may be just. We will establish the ideal society. The world, East and West, is incapable of arriving at a true solution, and attempts to solve the problem by extremist solutions have failed. . . . One sets wealth at liberty and allows all things to follow their inclinations arbitrarily until they arrive at some result...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...rising corruption within the bureaucracy as well as the new business sectors across the Arab world. They also fail due to rising enthusiasm and fascination with quantitative studies to direct enough brainstorming and research effort to qualitative strategic and critical studies that can understand the shortcomings, acknowledge the unintended negative consequences, and introduce new visions for changing the course of action. The social indicators that were based mainly on an economic and formal approach to politics as well as to the concept of progress and the...

Taleqani's Last Sermon

Taleqani's Last Sermon   Reference library

Mahmud Taleqani

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,387 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The sermon's reference to Sanandaj (capital of the Kurdish region of northwest Iran) concerns Taleqani's attempted mediation between Kurds who sought autonomy through local councils—a political structure that Taleqani preferred—and the central government in Tehran, already organizing itself in an authoritarian direction. Taleqani's mediation failed and the councils were crushed militarily. 3 Brief portions of this sermon have been translated in more colorful language by Suroosh Irfani. 4 ...

The Caliphate and the Bases of Power

The Caliphate and the Bases of Power   Reference library

‘Alī ‘Abd Al-Rāziq

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,018 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in their entirety without leaving anything vague or equivocal. How, then, if his work comprised the creation of a state, could he have left the Muslims without any precise directions concerning that state, especially since it was fated that after his death they would slip back into their old contentions and start killing one another? How could he have failed to concern himself with the question of succession to power when this has always been the primary concern of those who have founded governments? How could he have left the Muslims with nothing to...

Rights and Roles of Woman

Rights and Roles of Woman   Reference library

Amina Wadud

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,307 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...inserted, ‘on the basis of,’ comes from the bi used in this verse. In a sentence, it implies that the characteristics or contents before bi are determined ‘on the basis’ of what comes after bi . In this verse it means that men are qawwamuna ‘ala women only if the following two conditions exist. The first condition is ‘preference’, and the other is that they support the women from their means. ‘If either condition fails, then the man is not ‘ qawwam ’ over that woman’. My first concern then is faddala . The verse says the position between men and women is...

Qur'an and Woman

Qur'an and Woman   Reference library

Amina Wadud-Muhsin

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,749 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...condition is “preference,” and the other is that they support the women from their means. “If either condition fails, then the man is not ‘ qawwam ’ over that woman.” 37 My first concern then is faddala . The verse says the position between men and women is based on “what” God has preferred. With regard to material preference, there is only one Qur'anic reference which specifies that God has determined for men a portion greater than for women: inheritance. 38 The share for a male is twice that for the female (Sura 4, Verse 7) within a...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...verses must fail, as the text itself declares (‘Till they fail, as I am failing, / Dizzy, lost, yet unbewailing!’). This result comes about for two reasons. First, a gap in expression opens when an effort is made to render an idea in positive language. Second and more importantly, the failure is itself part of the process that the poem addresses. The sympathetic idea that Shelley pursues is vital rather than conceptual—that it can only be realized through a process of enactment, a transformational process necessarily involving that ultimate state of...

2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians   Reference library

Margaret MacDonald and Margaret MacDonald

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as in 7:14 : if they fail to live up to their reputation, Paul will be disgraced—he will be shamed. The emotional pleas of v. 24 thus become more easily explained in the light of what is at stake. The Corinthians must prove their love openly for the delegation (love for them is love for Paul). ( 9:1–5 ) An Appeal to Community Honour Although it is by no means a unanimous opinion, ch. 9 has sometimes been judged to be a fragment of a separate letter (cf. 2 cor 8:1–15 ). One feature which appears to support the fragment theory is that in v. 2 Corinth is...

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the natural, the material, and the secular. All that is secular is therefore sacred in the roots of its being.” 18 It can be understood in the light of the fact that man-made laws could be implemented in an Islamic State with the intention to benefit the community when they emerge from the Shari‘ah or, to put it another way, the Shari‘ah would not or could not be opposed to these laws if there is no violation of its limits. Muslims need a break There is no need to prove that Islam is compatible with democracy or democracy with Islam. All...

Britain and America: A Common Heritage

Britain and America: A Common Heritage   Quick reference

George Redmonds

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,879 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...If we put on one side what are scathingly referred to as ‘mug books’, there are still many fine American histories that have employed British sources to throw new light on the families and background of the emigrants. Researchers in this country can find much that is of value to them in such works, notably in the transcriptions of archive material that they contain. Two examples will illustrate that point although it should be emphasized that the best American libraries hold hundreds of such volumes. The first is John T. Fitch , A Fitch Family History (...

Joel

Joel   Reference library

Carl-A. Keller and Carl-A. Keller

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,582 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The prophetic ministry had two sides: to address the people in the name of God, and to talk to God on behalf of the people. Joel does not fail in this twofold task. He acts in communion with the animals ( v. 20 ); prophetic prayer never ignores the moaning of the animal world ( cf. Jer 14:5–6; Rom 8:19 ). ( 2:1–11 ) The Lord at the Head of his Dreadful Army This is the most vivid description of the ‘day of the Lord ’, that is, of the Lord's theophany or manifestation (see joel b ). It is like a terrifying army marching against Jerusalem under the cover of...

Mark

Mark   Reference library

C. M. Tuckett and C. M. Tuckett

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fate that awaits Jesus. John is the forerunner of Jesus, and here his violent death is recalled. The reader cannot fail to be reminded of the similar fate that awaits the one to whom John has pointed (cf. too 9:12–13 ). The opinions about Jesus echoed in vv. 14–16 may reflect views held by some at the time, though it is unclear whether anyone would have seriously thought that Jesus could be an executed John brought back to life. The structure of the story in the overall narrative (as in 8:28 where very similar opinions are also recorded) suggests that Mark...

Romans

Romans   Reference library

Craig C. Hill and Craig C. Hill

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...11 , the shift in Paul's argument here is immensely important. Imagine that chs. 9–11 had ended at 11:10 : ‘let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and keep their backs forever bent’. In that case, Paul might with good reason be regarded as a thoroughgoing Christian supersessionist. ‘Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking’ ( v. 7 ), and so Israel has been set aside in favour of the church. The fact that Paul has been read this way for centuries amply demonstrates that Rom 11:11–36 has not been given its due weight as the conclusion and...

Epilogue

Epilogue   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,761 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...aspects. Earlier, I presented deconstruction in a favourable light as a reading device. It is now necessary to indicate its negative sides and the long-term effects that they have had upon biblical studies. Inevitably, this outline can only touch on a complex subject. I began by going back to structuralism and the new possibilities that it offered to biblical interpretation. I described it as a move that brought the text back into the centre of attention in contrast to methods that I caricatured as resembling the peeling of an onion. But...

The Merry Wives of Windsor

The Merry Wives of Windsor   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,720 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...woos Mistress Ford, swearing that her suspicion that he is also courting Mistress Page is groundless: on a pre-arranged cue from Robin, Mistress Page enters, announcing that the jealous Ford is on his way with armed men to search the house, and the two women hide Sir John in the laundry basket, in which he is carried out by two servants just as Ford, Page, Caius, and Evans arrive. When their combined search of the house fails to find Sir John, the baffled Ford has to apologize to the company. 3.4 Fenton is reassuring Anne that although at first, as her father...

Luke

Luke   Reference library

Eric Franklin and Eric Franklin

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46,452 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by bathing the events themselves in a light that enabled their full reality, as the author understood it, to be seen. The ‘order’ of his account was determined less by a concern that asked ‘What actually happened next?’ than by a desire to unfold and justify the overall movement in Jesus' life that effected the achievement of his status. Luke's gospel becomes the step by step unfolding of his thesis that Jesus is both ‘Lord and Christ’ and that it is through him that God has fulfilled the promises of redemption that he had made to Israel and, through her, to...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

Neil Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,132 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...from other Germans such as *Han (who in the meantime had gravitated to Rome)—ensured that, by the early 1470s , there was a book glut (Bussi). The early publishers’ pecuniary embarrassment is symptomatic of a wider difficulty: they failed to harness the dynamics of an expanding but largely unknown market. The standard view of Italian book history states that, by 1500 , printing had gained a foothold in numerous cities; what is generally not mentioned is how often that foothold was lost. Usually, a press was set up and operated for a short period of time...

Shari‘a and Basic Human Rights Concerns

Shari‘a and Basic Human Rights Concerns   Reference library

‘Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na‘im

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,922 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for the purposes of conceding Y's right to the same treatment which X would demand for himself, X would assume that Y accepts the same principle of reciprocity toward X by conceding to X the same rights he would demand for himself. In other words, X should not be entitled to deny Y's rights on the grounds that Y is unlikely to afford X the same rights because Y's belief system does not impose that obligation upon Y. If Y's belief system in fact fails to accord X the same rights, the answer would be for X to insist on reciprocity from Y rather than abdicate his...

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