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Leonard Bloomfield

Subject: Philosophy

(1887–1949) US linguist, regarded as the most important structural linguist of his generation. Born in Chicago, Bloomfield was educated at Harvard and subsequently ...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
636 words

...Sapir, Edward . Bibliography Bloomfield, Leonard . 1914. An introduction to the study of language . New York: Holt. Reprinted, with a foreword by Joseph F. Kess . Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1983. Bloomfield, Leonard . 1933. Language . New York: Holt. Reprinted, with a foreword by Charles F. Hockett . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. Fought, John G. 1999a. Leonard Bloomfield's linguistic legacy: Later uses of some technical features . Historiographia Linguistica 26.313–332. Fought, John G , ed. 1999b. Leonard Bloomfield: Critical assessments of...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard (1887–1949)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
177 words

..., Leonard ( 1887–1949 ) US linguist, regarded as the most important structural linguist of his generation. Born in Chicago, Bloomfield was educated at Harvard and subsequently taught first Germanic philology and later linguistics at the universities of Wisconsin, Illinois, Chicago, and Yale. Bloomfield's main aim was to show that linguistics was an autonomous and, above all, a scientific discipline. This meant that only measurable and observable data could be admitted into linguistics, an assumption that led Bloomfield to favour a behaviourist...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...1942 ) and other works he successfully extended his principles to the field of applied linguistics. In the course of the 1950s his work was supplanted by that of Noam Chomsky , who retained Bloomfield's analytical systems while rejecting his behaviourist assumptions. Charles Hockett's edition of A Leonard Bloomfield Anthology ( 1970 ) indicates the scope of Bloomfield's interests in Indo-European, Malayo-Polynesian, and Native American...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard (1887–1949)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,472 words

...Mentalism and Objectivism in Linguistics: The Sources of Leonard Bloomfield’s Psychology of Language (New York, 1968). Fought, John G. , ed. Leonard Bloomfield: Critical Assessments of Leading Linguists , 3 vols (London and New York, 1999). Hall, Robert A. , ed. Leonard Bloomfield: Essays on His Life and Work (Amsterdam, 1987). Hall, Robert A. A Life for Language: A Biographical Memoir of Leonard Bloomfield (Amsterdam, 1990). Matthews, P. H. . Grammatical Theory in the United States from Bloomfield to Chomsky (Cambridge, UK, 1993). Daniel...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard (1887–1949)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
205 words

..., Leonard ( 1887–1949 ) American linguist and one of the most influential of the 20th century. Originally a Germanist, but famous for his general theory and for comparative and descriptive studies of Algonquian languages, especially Menomini. His first general work, An Introduction to the Study of Language (1914), was influenced by the psychology of Wilhelm Wundt; from the 1920s, however, he was committed to a ‘physicalist’ philosophy of science in which all scientific statements are reducible to accounts of observable phenomena, and in his...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard (1887–1949)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Bloomfield, Leonard ( 1887–1949 ). American philologist and linguist , born in Chicago, Illinois , and educated at Harvard, Wisconsin, and Chicago . He taught at several universities ( 1909–27 ) before becoming Professor of Germanic Philology at Chicago ( 1927–40 ) and Professor of Linguistics at Yale ( 1940–9 ). Initially, he was interested in Indo-European, and particularly Germanic, speech sounds and word-formation. Later, he undertook pioneering studies in the Malayo-Polynesian languages, and made a detailed study of the North American Indian languages...

Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield (1887–1949)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
118 words

...Leonard Bloomfield 1887 – 1949 American linguist If it were possible to transfer the methods of physical or of biological science directly to the study of man, the transfer would long ago have been made...We have failed not for lack of hypotheses which equate man with the rest of the universe, but for lack of a hypothesis (short of animism) which provides for the peculiar divergence of man...Let me now state my belief that the peculiar factor in man which forbids our explaining his actions upon the ordinary plane of biology is a highly specialized and...

Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Bloomfield, Leonard

Bloomfield, Leonard   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
39 words
Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1887–1949)US linguist, regarded as the most important structural linguist of his generation.Born in Chicago, Bloomfield was educated at Harvard and subsequently taught first Germanic philology and ...
George Cyril Kerner

George Cyril Kerner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–2001)George C. Kerner was born on 12 February 1927 in Jüri Palviste in Tartu, Estonia. When he was a teenager, he lost his father and older brother to World ...
Thomas A. Sebeok

Thomas A. Sebeok  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1920–2001),American linguist, anthropologist, and semiotician whose multi‐disciplinary research and editorial activities have contributed to the epistemological development and institutional ...
Paul Weiss

Paul Weiss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1901–2002)Paul Weiss was born on 19 May 1901 in Manhattan, New York City, in Lower East Side section. Weiss was the third of six boys born to Samuel and ...
phonology

phonology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A branch of linguistics concerned with the study of the sound systems of different languages. See also phoneme; compare phonetics.
Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1884–1939)German-born US linguist and anthropologist.Born in Lauenberg, Germany, Sapir went to the USA in 1889, at the age of five, and graduated from Columbia University, where he studied German ...
Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928– ),professor of modern languages and linguistics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, after Saussure the most important figure in modern linguistics. Two of his books, in particular, ...
linguistics

linguistics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(also ‘theoretical’ or ‘general’ linguistics), a term used to characterize the study of language in the 20th cent. owing much to the Swiss linguist Saussure; it distinguishes itself from earlier ...
Bloomfieldian

Bloomfieldian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
125 words

...( n. ) An adherent of the work of the American linguist Leonard Bloomfield (1887–1949). ( adj. ) Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Bloomfield or his work. Bloomfield’s Language (1933) became an influential textbook, particularly in the United States. The approach is associated with structural linguistics and with theories of behaviourist psychology. 1990 R. H. Robins ‘Bloomfieldian linguistics’ can reasonably be treated as a unity; and because, during this period ( 1933–1957 ), linguistics as an autonomous discipline became more...

Post-Bloomfieldian

Post-Bloomfieldian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...( adj. ) Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, a group of linguists who based their work on principles developed by the American linguist Leonard Bloomfield. 1993 P. H. MATTHEWS I will describe this school as ‘Post-Bloomfieldian’. Many commentators have preferred to say ‘Bloomfieldian’, and, provided we remember that Bloomfield could have had no direct influence on its development from 1947 onwards, I have no wish to quarrel over labels. ( n. ) A person belonging to the Post-Bloomfieldian group of linguists. Compare Bloomfieldian...

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