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Lenin

Subject: History

Icebreaker (2 masts). Length/beam/draft: 134 m × 27.6 m × 10.4 m (439.7 × 90.7 × 34.1). Tonnage: 13,366 gross registered tons. Hull: steel. Complement: 220. Machinery: nuclear reactors, ...

Leninism

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Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
408 words

...doctrine is generally known as Marxism–Leninism. In the end, the official Leninism promoted by Joseph Stalin resolved the contradictions in Lenin's writing and biography in favor of the most authoritarian, state-centered solutions. The strongly internationalist dimension to Lenin's revolutionary theory, articulated in Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism ( 1916 ), was subordinated to Stalin's doctrine of “socialism in one country” and to the imperatives of a strongly nationalistic foreign policy. Lenin's late disillusionment with the...

Leninism

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Geraldine Lievesley

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
894 words

... The doctrines of V. I. Lenin ( 1870–1924 ), especially his core contributions—on the party , the state , imperialism , and revolution —to Marxist theory. In What Is To Be Done? ( 1902 ) Lenin addressed the question of party organization. The book’s specific intention was to criticize the ‘economists’’ stress upon legal struggles, which Lenin argued lost sight of Social Democracy’s maximum programme which was to challenge for state power. He later admitted that in denigrating minimum demands he had ‘gone too far in the opposite direction’ and ...

Leninism

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,185 words

... . Leninism represents the reworking of classical Marxism by Vladimir Ilich Lenin in light of political and economic conditions in late-tsarist Russia. It was fundamental to the development of the Bolshevik Party before the revolution of 1917 and was used to explain the non-Marxian nature of that revolution. Later, Leninism influenced the outlook and some of the policies of the Soviet state, as well as its attitude toward nonsocialist countries and the Communist parties in those countries. Because of the evolution and sometimes inconsistent nature of...

Leninism

Leninism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,908 words

...to neglected aspects of Lenin's heritage. The Yugoslav party, excommunicated by Stalin, developed its own, Titoist version of reform Leninism. In China and Indochina, the revolutionary strategies of Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh led to a very different interpretation of Leninism, and so did the ideas and practices of Latin American communists. *Eurocommunism in Western Europe gave Leninism a rather social democratic interpretation, while in some African countries ruled by parties that called themselves Marxist-Leninist, Leninism meant little more than a...

Leninism

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Alfred G. Meyer

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,930 words

...to neglected aspects of Lenin's heritage. The Yugoslav party, excommunicated by Stalin, developed its own, Titoist version of reform Leninism. In China and Indochina the revolutionary strategies of Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh led to a very different interpretation of Leninism, and so did the ideas and practices of Latin American Communists. Eurocommunism in Western Europe gave Leninism a rather social democratic interpretation, while in some African countries ruled by parties that called themselves “Marxist–Leninist,” Leninism meant little more than a...

Leninism

Leninism   Reference library

Alfred G. Meyer

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,919 words

...to neglected aspects of Lenin's heritage. The Yugoslav party, excommunicated by Stalin, developed its own, Titoist version of reform Leninism. In China and Indochina the revolutionary strategies of Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh led to a very different interpretation of Leninism, and so did the ideas and practices of Latin American communists. Eurocommunism in Western Europe gave Leninism a rather social democratic interpretation, while in some African countries ruled by parties that called themselves “Marxist-Leninist,” Leninism meant little more than a...

Marxism-Leninism

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
140 words

...Marxism-Leninism An interpretation of Communism in which Lenin sought to adapt the central tenets of Marxism to the experience of Russia, an economically backward agrarian state. The emergence of imperialism was considered to be a central, unforeseeable factor which had occurred since the development of Marxism. This enabled the propertied classes in industrially advanced countries to expand production and to spread the economic benefits to those workers who were prepared to accept the current economic system. This group of workers formed a so-called...

Marxism–Leninism

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A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
97 words

...Marxism–Leninism The ideology underpinning communism . It was central to the foundation of the Chinese Communist Party and remains at the core of China’s Constitution . Most prominently adhered to by Mao Zedong , it aims at the revolutionary attainment of a socialist state through the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’ and democratic centralism . Since the ‘open-door’ policy was initiated under Deng Xiaoping and maintained by his successors, Marxist–Leninist ‘class struggle’ has been downplayed in favour of economic development and modernization. ...

Leninism

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
60 words
Leninism

Leninism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
18 words
Leninism

Leninism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words
Leninism

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
59 words
Leninism

Leninism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
137 words
Marxism–Leninism

Marxism–Leninism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words
Marxism-Leninism

Marxism-Leninism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
Marxism-Leninism

Marxism-Leninism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
Marxism-Leninism

Marxism-Leninism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
31 words
Marxism–Leninism

Marxism–Leninism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
Leninism

Leninism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The doctrines of V. I. Lenin (1870–1924), especially his core contributions—on the party, the state, imperialism, and revolution—to Marxist theory.In What Is To Be Done? (1902) Lenin addressed the ...
Lenin

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The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lenin , Although several towns in the former Soviet Union with names associated with Lenin have been renamed, particularly in the non-Russian republics, some have retained versions of the name: for example, Lenin in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan, Leninskiy in Russia, Lenine and Leninivka in Ukraine, Leninskoe in Kyrgyzstan, Leninskoye in Kazakhstan and Russia, and Leninpol’ in Kyrgyzstan, in addition to those below and many...

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