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Leavisite

Subject: Literature

Adjective and noun formed from the name of the influential British literary critic F. R. Leavis, typically used as a pejorative reference to an approach to literature and culture ...

Leavisite

Leavisite   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
153 words

... adj. and n. Derived from the name of the influential British literary critic F. R. Leavis, typically used as a pejorative reference to an approach to literature and culture variously associated by his critics with cultural elitism , high culture , nostalgia for traditional pre-industrial society, moral judgements, and hostility to Marxism , commercialism , and mass society . Leavis is also more positively associated with close textual analysis , though on an intuitive evaluative basis rather than by applying explicit theoretical...

Leavisite

Leavisite   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Leavisite

Leavisite   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
122 words
Leavisite

Leavisite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Adjective and noun formed from the name of the influential British literary critic F. R. Leavis, typically used as a pejorative reference to an approach to literature and culture associated by ...
Leavisites

Leavisites   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of English culture followed Eliot ’s hypothesis of the dissociation of sensibility. The Leavisite influence on the teaching of English literature (which Leavis saw as central to cultural survival) was strong in Britain during the 1950s and 1960s, and produced a detailed version of English literary history in The Pelican Guide to English Literature (ed. Boris Ford , 7 vols., 1954–61 ), but it has declined sharply since Leavis ’s death in 1978 . The Leavisites, including L. C. Knights , Denys Thompson , and Derek Traversi , are sometimes referred to...

Cambridge School

Cambridge School  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The name sometimes given to an influential group of English critics associated with the University of Cambridge in the 1920s and 1930s. The leading figures were I. A. Richards, F. R. Leavis, Q. D. ...
Raymond Williams

Raymond Williams  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1921–88)Welsh Marxistliterary and cultural critic who, through the elaboration of what he called Cultural Materialism had an enormous influence on Cultural Studies and New Historicism.Williams was ...
evaluation

evaluation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
(i-val-yoo-ay-shŏn)the final stage of the nursing process, in which the effects of nursing interventions are compared with the goals or objectives set in the care plan. See expected outcome.
cultural studies

cultural studies  

The critical analysis of the texts and practices of everyday life in contemporary society: an interdisciplinary enterprise involving both the humanities and the social sciences. Its territory (in the ...
text

text  

The actual wording of a written work, as distinct from a reader's (or theatrical director's) interpretation of its story, theme, subtext, etc.; or a specific work chosen as the object of analysis. ...
consumption

consumption  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 The process of using resources to satisfy human wants or needs.2 In water supply, the fraction of the water that is not available for use by humans.
Balcony

Balcony   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
52 words

...of literature and the arts, ran for six issues 1965–67 . It began under the sponsorship of the Sydney University Arts Seminar Society. Contributors included James McAuley , Rodney Hall , Michael Wilding and Frank Moorhouse . Balcony was intended as a counter to the then Leavisite journal, Melbourne Critical Review...

consumption

consumption   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
69 words

...needs. Typically paired with production , the term is sometimes used pejoratively by cultural elitists and critical theorists , implying manipulation and/or passivity. See also conspicuous consumption ; consumer culture ; content consumption ; Frankfurt school ; Leavisite ; Maslow’s hierarchy of needs ; mass consumption ; mass culture ; media consumption ; visual consumption ; compare active audience theory ; prosumption . ...

elitism

elitism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
128 words

...In either case, it champions what it defines as artistic, intellectual, and creative excellence, and the aesthetic value of taste and ‘discrimination’ with which it associates itself, sometimes criticizing the dumbing down of mass media content . See also Leavisite ; public service broadcasting ; quality television . 2. In political theory, a political system based on rule by a minority, or a belief in such systems ( elite theory ). ...

Hoggart, Richard

Hoggart, Richard (1918–2014)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...he held from 1946 until 1959 . It was during these years that he wrote the semi-autobiographical work for which he is still best known today: The Uses of Literacy ( 1957 ). A bestseller at the time, it was influential for two main reasons: firstly, it broke with the Leavisite tradition's emphasis on high culture and demonstrated that there was an authentic working-class culture worthy of consideration; second, it argued that this tradition of working-class culture (which was his own) was under threat of destruction from imported American popular...

Cambridge school

Cambridge school   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...its subtlety and complexity, notably in Empson ’s Seven Types of Ambiguity ( 1930 ). The Leavises achieved great influence through the journal Scrutiny ( 1932–53 ), judging literary works according to their moral seriousness and ‘life-enhancing’ tendency. See also leavisites , practical criticism . A second group sometimes referred to in the contexts of tragedy and myth as the Cambridge school, although more often known as the Cambridge Ritualists or the myth-and-ritual school, was made up of the classical scholars Jane Harrison , Gilbert...

Hoggart, Richard

Hoggart, Richard (1918–2014)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...he held from 1946 until 1959 . It was during these years that he wrote the semi-autobiographical work for which he is still best known today: The Uses of Literacy ( 1957 ). A bestseller at the time, it was influential for two main reasons: firstly, it broke with the Leavisite tradition’s emphasis on high culture and demonstrated that there was an authentic working-class culture worthy of consideration; second, it argued that this tradition of working-class culture (which was his own) was under threat of destruction from imported American popular...

taste

taste   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
223 words

...true art, and systematically denigrating popular entertainment. High art is positioned at a rarefied distance from the primary drives which are associated by the upper class with the working class. See also colour connotations ; elaborated code ; elitism ; high culture ; Leavisite ; popular culture . 4. For Bourdieu, the particular cultural choices and patterns of consumption of any member of society in relation not only to the arts but also to everyday lifestyle issues such as clothing, hairstyles, sport, and food. All of these result from the set of...

Williams, Raymond

Williams, Raymond (1921–88)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...in meaning of the idea of ‘culture’ from 1780 to 1950 , arguing that such changes record and reflect the changed conditions of everyday life. He distances himself from the Leavisite model of Practical Criticism , which took pains to avoid any direct reference to society or what Williams describes as ‘lived experience’. Eagleton's famous description of him as a ‘Left-Leavisite’ was perhaps a calculated insult. He followed this book with The Long Revolution ( 1961 ), which theorizes in detail the relationship between social relations, cultural...

Williams, Raymond

Williams, Raymond (1921–88)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...in meaning of the idea of ‘culture’ from 1780 to 1950 , arguing that such changes record and reflect the changed conditions of everyday life. He distances himself from the Leavisite model of Practical Criticism , which took pains to avoid any direct reference to society or what Williams describes as ‘lived experience’. Eagleton’s famous description of him as a ‘Left-Leavisite’ was perhaps a calculated insult. He followed this book with The Long Revolution ( 1961 ), which theorizes in detail the relationship between social relations, cultural...

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