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Laurentian thesis

The Laurentian thesis responded to the continentalist implications of the frontier thesis by arguing that Canada was founded on an east–west axis—at the heart of which was the St Lawrence ...

Laurentian thesis

Laurentian thesis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
262 words

... thesis . The Laurentian thesis responded to the continentalist implications of the frontier thesis by arguing that Canada was founded on an east–west axis—at the heart of which was the St Lawrence River transportation system —and on the European exploitation of peculiarly northern resources, especially fur. ‘The present Dominion emerged not in spite of geography but because of it’, wrote H. A. Innis in his seminal work, The Fur Trade in Canada ( 1930 ). The Laurentian thesis did for Canada what the frontier thesis had done for the United States:...

Laurentian thesis

Laurentian thesis  

The Laurentian thesis responded to the continentalist implications of the frontier thesis by arguing that Canada was founded on an east–west axis—at the heart of which was the St Lawrence ...
Parkin, George Robert

Parkin, George Robert (1846–1922)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
151 words

... Imperial Federation ( 1892 ), Round the Empire ( 1892 ), The Great Dominion ( 1895 ), and Sir John A. Macdonald ( 1908 ), Parkin advanced a two-pronged historical interpretation: that Canada was increasingly pan-Britannic in orientation, and that (anticipating the Laurentian thesis ) the east–west geographical features of Canada resisted north–south continental integration. Terry...

frontier thesis

frontier thesis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
268 words

...on which to ground a critique of British imperial rule in a time of growing national feeling, many found in Turner's thesis a means of integrating social, economic, and political history and explaining it with reference to the peculiarities of the North American environment. ‘North American democracy’, wrote A. R. M. Lower , ‘was forest-born’. The sociologist S. D. Clark later made fruitful use of the concept (and of the Laurentian thesis ) in his studies of social organization and political movements. Although no longer accepted in its original form by...

hypothesis, literary

hypothesis, literary   Reference library

John Dewar Denniston

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
724 words

...recovered on papyrus ( POxy. 27. 2455, 2457, and 52. 3653; PSI 1286 ) grouped by initial letters in the same sort of quasi-alphabetical order as is found in the list of plays on the Piraeus stone IG 2. 2. 992 and as is indicated by the numerals attached to plays in the Laurentian MS of Euripides. They are a valuable source of information on lost plays. Since their date is probably of the 1st cent. bc they cannot be the same as those allegedly produced by Dicaearchus for Soph. (1) and Euripides (Sext. Emp. Math. 3. 3), which appear to have...

Cartography

Cartography   Reference library

Martin LEWIS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
3,165 words

...those potions of the region that they actually control. Map 8. The Laurentian Portolano of 1351 . This Italian map is notable for its precise depiction Europe and Asia but especially Africa, representing the continent more accurately than any European map up to that time. The use of mapping for such nationalistic and imperialistic purposes has led some scholars to conclude that cartography, whether depicting the past or the present, is primarily a projection of power. Although this thesis is probably exaggerated, matters of state power do infuse many...

Slavic Lands

Slavic Lands   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
15,013 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... Monumenta Poloniae Historica, 2d ser., vol. 1. Kraków: Gebethnera i Wolffa, 1946. Powieńń minionych lat: Powiest’ wriemiennych let . Edited and translated by Franciszek Sielicki . Wrocław, Poland: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolinńkich, 1968. The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text . Translated and edited by SamuelHazzard Cross and Olgerd P. Shobowitz-Wetzor . Cambridge, Mass.: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1953. Thietmar of Merseburg . Die Chronik des Bischofs Thietmar von Merseburg und ihre Korveier Überarbeitung . Edited by Robert Holtzmann ....

metropolitan thesis

metropolitan thesis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
250 words

...thesis . An approach to Canadian history articulated by J. M. S. Careless in the early 1950s ( Canadian Historical Review , 1954 ) as an alternative to the frontier and Laurentian theses , although also used earlier by D. C. Masters ( The Rise of Toronto, 1850–1890 , 1947 ). Frontierism, it said, got the process of historical causation backwards, at least in the case of Canada, which had been shaped more by old-world traditions and institutions than by new-world innovations. Akin to the Laurentian and staples theses in its emphasis on...

Scott, F. R.

Scott, F. R. (1899–1985)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,023 words

...and his association with several literary groups and ‘little magazines’. As a satirist in the late twenties and early thirties, he helped battle an outworn Canadian Romanticism in order to introduce the ‘new poetry’; and in landscape poems such as ‘Old song’, ‘Lakeshore’, and ‘Laurentian Shield’ he established a northern evolutionary view of Canadian nature that later influenced such poets as Al Purdy and Margaret Atwood . While achieving distinction as a poet, political activist, and leading authority on constitutional law, Scott also became a figure of...

Pratt, E. J.

Pratt, E. J. (1882–1964)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,103 words

...the hammering of the last spike in the Eagle Pass [1885] ( 1952 ). Presenting an anglo/central-Canadian perspective, the poem interweaves the political battles between Sir John A. Macdonald and Edward Blake with the labourers' physical battles against mountains, mud, and the Laurentian Shield. In a metaphorical method typical of his style, Pratt characterizes the Shield as a prehistoric lizard rudely aroused from its sleep by the railroad builders' dynamite. The collected poems of E.J. Pratt ( 1958 ) reprinted all but two poems in Collected poems ( 1944 ),...

Novels in French. Beginnings to 1900

Novels in French. Beginnings to 1900   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
20,973 words

...and literary dead-end in which the ideology of conservatism had become trapped. The literary regionalism implied by this ideology was condemned to be no more than a form of internal exoticism, badly integrated into the action of the novels. Savard imposed the presence of the Laurentians to the point that Menaud becomes part of the landscape; similarly, in the novels of Grignon and Ringuet, a natural world that is both omnipresent and indifferent to the characters' passions becomes the centre of the action, either as a witness to, or as the representative of, a...

Italy, Poetry of

Italy, Poetry of   Reference library

T. Wlassics, C. Kleinhenz, and E. Livorni

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
12,262 words

...for the cultural rebirth of the 13th and 14th cs. During this period, the autonomous existence of the Neo-Lat. langs. became evident. The first documents of It. lang. and lit.—from the doubtful Indovinello veronese (Veronese Riddle, 9th c.) and the Ritmo laurenziano (Laurentian Verse, ca. 1150 ) to St. Francis’s “Hymn,” Jacopone’s poems, and the Sicilian and Tuscan love lyrics—should be examined in the light of three conditioning facts: (1) the political conformation of the It. Peninsula—the constant tension between temporal and ecclesiastical power...

Florence

Florence   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
18,340 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Padua: Art, Society and Religion, 1280–1400 , ed. D. Norman , ii (New Haven and London, 1995), pp. 29–53 N. Rubinstein : The Palazzo Vecchio, 1290–1532: Government, Architecture and Imagery in the Civic Palace of the Florentine Republic (Oxford, 1995) M. Hegarty : ‘Laurentian Patronage in the Palazzo Vecchio: The Frescoes of the Sala dei Gigli’, A. Bull. , lxxviii/2 (June 1996), pp. 264–85 U. Muccini : Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Palazzo Vecchio of Florence (Florence, 1997) M. Trachtenberg : Dominion of the Eye: Urbanism, Art and Power...

Drama in French. The beginnings to 1900

Drama in French. The beginnings to 1900   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
17,432 words

...that of the prodigal son in the Bible becomes clear. In a similar style, and in the discouraging mood suggested by the title, C'est toujours la même histoire ( 1972 ) deals with the failure and eventual suicide of a young American who plans to set up a youth centre in the Laurentians but meets opposition from the townspeople and his girlfriend's father. Le veau dort ( 1979 )—written in a more impersonal, Brechtian style in ten tableaux—is a sweeping condemnation of injustices throughout the course of history; the title refers to the golden calf that men...

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