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Lateran Councils

A series of councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cent.; five of them rank as oecumenical in the W. Church. The First (1123) ratified the Concordat of Worms ...

Lateran Councils

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
112 words

... Councils . A series of councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cent.; five of them rank as oecumenical in the W. Church. The First ( 1123 ) ratified the Concordat of Worms ending the Investiture contest; the Second ( 1139 ) condemned the followers of Arnold of Brescia ; the Third ( 1179 ) regulated Papal elections; the Fourth ( 1215 ) defined Eucharistic doctrine (for the first time officially using the word ‘ transubstantiate ’) and prescribed annual confession; the Fifth ( 1512–17 ) invalidated the decrees of the...

Lateran Councils

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
63 words

... Councils . A series of councils of the Roman Catholic Church held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cents. Five are considered ecumenical , of which the most important was the Fourth ( 1215 ), with a definition of the eucharist in which the word ‘transubstantiate’ was used for the first time, and annual confession for all Christians was...

Lateran Councils

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
84 words

... Councils Five ecumenical councils of the Western Church, held in the Lateran Palace, Rome. The first ( 1123 ) confirmed the Concordat of Worms of 1122 . The second ( 1139 ) condemned simony and the marriage of the clergy. The third ( 1179 ) decreed that the Pope was to be elected by a two-thirds majority of the College of Cardinals. The fourth ( 1215 ) defined the doctrine of the Eucharist , officially using the term ‘ transubstantiation ’. The fifth ( 1512–17 ) introduced minor reforms in the wake of the Reformation...

Lateran Councils

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Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,423 words

... Councils Lateran I Lateran II Lateran III Lateran IV Lateran I ( 1123 ) To confirm the agreements made at Worms ( 1122 ) and projects for reform , Pope Calixtus II ( 1119–1124 ) called a council at the Lateran, which was held from 18 (or 19 ) to 27 March 1123 . The abandonment by the king of Germany of investiture of Bishops was ratified unanimously. A serious tumult broke out on the reading of the concession made to the emperor “that the German bishops must be elected in the presence of the king and must receive the regalia from his...

councils, Lateran

councils, Lateran   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
735 words

..., Lateran Four general ecumenical councils, convened between 1123 ( *Pope Calixtus II ) and 1215 ( *Pope Innocent III ). Each addressed church and civil authority and asserted papal supremacy. The First Lateran Council (Ninth General Council) convened 18 March 1123 , was presided over by Calixtus , included some 300 churchmen, and adjourned 6 April. Lateran I ratified the Concordat of *Worms , formulated by Calixtus and Emperor Henry V , which was finalized 23 September 1122 to establish civil and papal authority. Lateran I ’s 22 existing...

Lateran Councils

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
793 words

...Lateran Councils . A series of councils were held in the Lateran Palace at Rome from the 7th to the 18th cents. Five of these rank as oecumenical in the W. Church and are thus of special interest: (1) First ( 1123 ). Convoked by Callistus II for the solemn confirmation of the Concordat of Worms which ended the Investiture contest. Twenty-two disciplinary canons were also promulgated, most of them repeating and emphasizing previous decrees. (2) Second ( 1139 ). Convoked by Innocent II for the reformation of the Church after the schism which had...

Lateran Councils

Lateran Councils  

A series of councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cent.; five of them rank as oecumenical in the W. Church. The First (1123) ratified the Concordat of Worms ending the ...
Lateran Council

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
156 words

... Council One of the synods or meetings of senior churchmen held at the Lateran Palace in Rome. The First in 1123 was to bring to an end the investiture contests and to specify which aspects of life should be governed by the church and which by the secular authorities. The Second was called in 1139 to clarify doctrine and to heal the schism which had been caused by the activities of the antipope Anacletus II. In 1179 the Third Council condemned simony and regularized papal elections. The Fourth Lateran Council ( 1215 ) is known as the “Great...

Council, Fifth Lateran

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
266 words

..., Fifth Lateran ( 1512–17 ). The Palazzo del Laterano ( 1586 ) and its antecedent buildings served as the setting of church councils in Rome from the seventh century to the eighteenth. Four medieval councils ( 1123 , 1139 , 1179 , and 1215 ) are deemed by the Western Church to be of ecumenical standing, and it is this enumeration that accounts for the early sixteenth-century Council being unofficially reckoned as the Fifth Lateran Council. The Council was convoked by Pope Julius II in response to the French-dominated Council of Pisa of 1511 , which...

Lateran Council, Fifth

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,734 words

...at the Fifth Lateran Council the difficulties Leo X had in trying to control even a council meeting in Rome and composed in good part of numerous curialists and bishops from Italian lands. When the Council of Trent did meet, its early procedures and decrees were influenced by the Fifth Lateran Council—not surprisingly since its president was Giovan Maria de' Ciocci del Monte (later elected Julius III), who had attended this earlier council and whose uncle Antonio had edited its acta . See also Julius II ; Leo X ; and Trent, Council of . Primary...

Lateran Council of 313

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David Gwynn

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Council of 313 Summoned by Bishop Miltiades of Rome in October 313 at Constantine I ’s request to hear Donatist accusations against Bishop Caecilian of Carthage ( Eusebius , HE X, 5, 18–20). Miltiades and fifteen Italian bishops decided in Caecilian’s favour, but Donatist appeals led Constantine to summon the Council of Arles in 314 . David Gwynn Hefele and Leclercq, I/2, 272–4. Barnes , CE ,...

Lateran Council of 649

Lateran Council of 649   Reference library

Bronwen Neil

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Council of 649 This synod was convoked on 5–31 October 649 by Pope Martin I ( 649–53 ) in the Basilica of S. John Lateran at Rome . It sought to condemn the doctrines of Monoenergism and Monotheletism, promoted by the Emperor Heraclius ( 610–41 ) at the bidding of Sergius, Patriarch of Constantinople , and enshrined in the Ecthesis of 638 . The theological impetus for the council came not from the Pope but from the eastern monks who were present, as exiles from the Arab conquest and from imperial persecution . A hundred and five or 150...

Lateran Council

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Lateran Council

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
63 words
Lateran Council

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Lateran Council

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
58 words
Lateran Council

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
58 words
Council, Fifth Lateran

Council, Fifth Lateran  

(1512–17).The Palazzo del Laterano (1586) and its antecedent buildings served as the setting of church councils in Rome from the seventh century to the eighteenth. Four medieval councils (1123 ...
Lateran Council, Fifth

Lateran Council, Fifth  

Held from 1512 to 1517, this general council was convened to solve the church's problems on the eve of the Reformation. It was called by Pope Julius II on 18 ...
Oecumenical Councils

Oecumenical Councils  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Assemblies of bishops and other ecclesiastical representatives of the whole world whose decisions on doctrine, discipline, etc. are considered binding on all Christians. According to RC canon law, ...

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