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Lateran Basilica

Subject: Religion

The basilica, dedicated to St John the Baptist (with whom St John the Apostle is now associated), stands on the site of a palace which belonged to the family of the Laterani. The palace, ...

Lateran Basilica

Lateran Basilica   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
110 words

... Basilica . The basilica, dedicated to St John the Baptist (with whom St John the Apostle is now associated), stands on the site of a palace which belonged to the family of the Laterani. The palace, given to the Church by Constantine , was the official residence of the Popes from the 4th cent. until they went to Avignon ( 1309 ). It was mostly destroyed by fire in 1308 . The new palace, which was at one time a museum of antiquities, now houses the offices of the diocese of Rome. The present church was built under a succession of Popes beginning...

Lateran Basilica

Lateran Basilica   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
507 words

... 1693 , when it was converted by Innocent XII into an asylum for orphans; in 1843 it was transformed into a museum for antiquities; it now houses the offices of the diocese of Rome. See also Lateran Councils . The Lateran Basilica, which remains the cathedral church of Rome (‘omnium urbis et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput’), is one of the four ‘Major Basilicas ’. The original dedication was to the Redeemer ( S. Salvator ); but after destruction by an earthquake in 896 the church was rebuilt by Sergius III ( 904–11 ), who dedicated it to St John the...

Lateran Basilica, the

Lateran Basilica, the   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
729 words

... Basilica, the San Giovanni Laterano (St John Lateran) is the cathedral of Rome, and one of the four Major Basilicas . It derives its name from the Roman family of the Laterani who originally owned the site, on which stood the barracks of the imperial guard. The site and buildings were given by Constantine, after he defeated Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge, establishing himself as Emperor of the West and ending the persecution which had begun under the Emperor Diocletian (although it had stopped in the West before that date), to be the residence of the...

Lateran Basilica

Lateran Basilica  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The basilica, dedicated to St John the Baptist (with whom St John the Apostle is now associated), stands on the site of a palace which belonged to the family of the Laterani. The palace, given to the ...
Lateran Synod

Lateran Synod  

Convened by Pope Martin I in Rome's Lateran Basilica in October 649 to denounce Monotheletism. The synod's Latin acts bear the signatures of 106 bishops who condemned the Ekthesis and ...
Lateran palace

Lateran palace  

A complex of buildings, named after the Laterani family, comprising the cathedral of Rome, baptistery, and papal palace (patriarchum). Constantine sponsored the 4th-century church, dubbed in the 7th ...
Saint John Lateran

Saint John Lateran  

The first mention of a “Christian” use of the Lateran buildings dates from 313 when, under the leadership of Pope Miltiades (311–314), a synod condemning the Donatists was held in ...
St Sylvester I

St Sylvester I  

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Subject:
Religion
Bp. of Rome from 314 to 335. Little is known of him. Later legend asserts that he baptized Constantine (cleansing him from physical leprosy) at the Baptistery of the Lateran and established the ...
Oecumenical Councils

Oecumenical Councils  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Assemblies of bishops and other ecclesiastical representatives of the whole world whose decisions on doctrine, discipline, etc. are considered binding on all Christians. According to RC canon law, ...
Scala Sancta

Scala Sancta  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A staircase of 28 marble steps near the Lateran church at Rome. Tradition asserts that they were the steps descended by Christ after His condemnation to death and brought to the W. by St Helena from ...
Eulalius

Eulalius  

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Religion
(antipope 27 Dec. 418–3 Apr. 419: d. 423)*Zosimus had hardly been buried when the deacons of the Roman church, with a handful of presbyters, barricaded themselves on 27 Dec. in the Lateran basilica ...
States of the Church

States of the Church  

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Subject:
Religion
Those parts of Italy and the territory of Avignon and Venaissin in France which at one time acknowledged the temporal sovereignty of the Papacy. Some of these lands were also known as the ‘Patrimony ...
basilica

basilica  

A large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies. The name was then applied to a building of this type used ...
John V

John V  

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Religion
(23 July 685–2 Aug. 686)A Syrian from Antioch, son of Cyriacus, he perhaps came to Rome as a refugee from the Arab invasions. As a deacon he was one of Agatho's three representatives at the Sixth ...
Stephen III (IV)

Stephen III (IV)  

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Religion
(d. 772), Pope from 768. He held a synod at the Lateran which excluded laymen from Papal elections, confirmed the veneration of images, and anathematized the iconoclastic synod of 754. He allied ...
Philip

Philip  

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Religion
(antipope 31 July 768)When the chief notary Christopher and his son Sergius, with the help of Lombard troops, seized Rome during the night of 30/31 July 768 and imprisoned the usurping pope ...
Gregory XVI

Gregory XVI  

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Religion
(1765–1846), Pope from 1831. Soon after his election revolution broke out in the Papal states and was quelled only by the intervention of Austria. The troubles continued, and for most of his ...
churches of Rome

churches of Rome  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
From the innumerable Roman churches of historic and ecclesiastical interest, only a selection, necessarily somewhat arbitrary, can be listed in this article. For the four ‘Major Basilicas’—(1) St ...
St Miltiades

St Miltiades  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 314), Pope from 310 or 311. His pontificate is remarkable for Constantine's victory over Maxentius and the issue of the so-called ‘Edict of Milan’. Miltiades held a Council which condemned ...
St Cyprian

St Cyprian  

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Subject:
Religion
(c.300), a converted magician of Antioch. According to a probably worthless legend, he was converted while using his magic arts to ensnare a Christian virgin. He became a bishop and was beheaded in ...

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