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Las Navas de Tolosa

A decisive battle won over the Almohades in July 1212 south of Calatrava by the armies of kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre and Peter II of ...

Navas de Tolosa, Las

Navas de Tolosa, Las   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
124 words

... de Tolosa, Las A decisive battle won over the Almohades in July 1212 south of Calatrava by the armies of kings Alfonso VIII of Castile , Sancho VII of Navarre and Peter II of Aragon , reinforced by contingents from the military orders, urban militias and numerous Portuguese, Leónese and Galician knights. This crushing victory of the “Spaniards” united and mobilized in a crusade decided on by Innocent III made a great stir throughout the West. It marked a decisive turning point in the Reconquest by permanently breaking the Muslim offensive...

Las Navas de Tolosa, Battle of

Las Navas de Tolosa, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Navas de Tolosa, Battle of The battle of Las Navas de Tolosa ( 1212 ) constituted the great turning point in the conflict of Christian and Muslim states in the Hispanic reconquest. Prior to this date, the Christians had lost every major battle when they took the field against an Islamic caliphal army. After Las Navas, the Muslims would never win a battle of this scale again in Iberia. The battle also pitted the full power of an expansive crusading Iberia against a puritanical Almohad empire holding southern Spain and North Africa, a conflict in which both...

Las Navas de Tolosa

Las Navas de Tolosa  

A decisive battle won over the Almohades in July 1212 south of Calatrava by the armies of kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre and Peter II of ...
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) constituted the great turning point in the conflict of Christian and Muslim states in the Hispanic reconquest. Prior to this date, the ...
Las Huelgas

Las Huelgas  

The royal monastery of Las Huelgas, founded in c.1180 by King Alfonso VIII of Castile at the request of his wife Eleanor of England, was built in the outskirts of ...
Peter II of Aragon

Peter II of Aragon  

(c.1174–1213)In 1196, Peter II inherited the kingdom of Aragon and the Catalan counties from his father Alfonso II. In 1204 he married Maria, lady of Pontpellier. Close to Alfonso ...
Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo

Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo  

(1170–1247)From a Navarrese family, he studied in Bologna and Paris. Winning favour with Alfonso VIII of Castile, he was made in quick succession bishop of Osma (1208), then archbishop ...
pastoureaux

pastoureaux  

Under the name “crusades of the pastoureaux” are grouped together three waves of rather enigmatic departures of children, poor people or shepherds for the Holy Land, which they reckoned themselves ...
Algarve

Algarve  

Southernmost region of present-day Portugal, stretching from the mouth of the Guadiana river in the east to Cape St Vincent in the west. Its history reaches back to antiquity. Its ...
Order of Calatrava

Order of Calatrava  

The Order of Calatrava was one of the first native Military orders founded in the Iberian peninsula, in the 12th century. Its origins go back to the recovery of a ...
Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII of Castile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c. 1155–1214),king of Castile (1158–1214). Alfonso VIII inherited the throne of Castile at the age of two from his father, Sancho III (r. 1157–1158). Sancho’s premature death left his ...
al-Andalus

al-Andalus  

Arabic name given to the geographical area of the Iberian Peninsula that came under Muslim control in the MA, from 711 to 1492. This period is often referred to as ...
Reconquista

Reconquista  

The Muslim conquest of the Iberian peninsula began with the invasion of 711; the peninsula was largely subdued by 718, when the mixed Arab and Berber army crossed the Pyrenees ...
Toledo

Toledo  

A city in central Spain on the River Tagus, which from the first century was famous for its steel and sword blades; from the late 16th century, Toledo was used for a sword made there, or for one of ...
Navarre

Navarre  

An autonomous region of northern Spain, on the border with France; capital, Pamplona. It represents the southern part of the former kingdom of Navarre, which was conquered by Ferdinand in 1512 and ...
Castile

Castile  

A region of central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 linked these ...
jihad

jihad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A holy war undertaken by Muslims against unbelievers. The name comes from Arabic jihād, literally ‘effort’, expressing, in Muslim thought, struggle on behalf of God and Islam.
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
Alfonso VIII

Alfonso VIII (1155–1214)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
59 words

...VIII ( the Noble Alfonso VIII ) ( 1155–1214 ) King of Castile ( 1158–1214 ), son of Sancho III . He took personal control of his kingdom in 1166 . In 1212 Alfonso forged a coalition with the Christian kings and won an important victory against the Almohads at Las Navas de Tolosa. He married Eleanor , daughter of Henry I of...

Navas de Tolosa, battle of

Navas de Tolosa, battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
202 words

...(Las Navas) near Tolosa on 16 July 1212 . After a hard-fought struggle, a cavalry charge by the Christian kings broke the resistance of the Muslim army, which suffered severe losses, and the caliph fled. The city of Úbeda was captured a week later. Whether precipitating Almohad decline or indicative of it, Las Navas heralded the great Christian conquests of the 13th century and the final collapse of Muslim power in the peninsula. See also castile . Damian J. Smith F. García Fitz , Las Navas de Tolosa (2005). A. Huici Miranda , Las grandes batallas de la...

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