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Langston Hughes

Subject: Literature

(1902–67) African American writer, born in Joplin, Missouri, who lived in Harlem after 1947. A leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes applied blues and jazz techniques ...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–67)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
46 words

..., Langston ( 1902–67 ) US poet and leading figure of the Harlem renaissance . His debut volume was The Weary Blues ( 1926 ). Hughes' distinctive musical style combined African-American dialect with the rhythms of jazz and blues. Other works include Shakespeare in Harlem ( 1942 ) and One-Way Ticket ( 1949...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–67)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
147 words

..., Langston ( 1902–67 ) African American writer , born in Joplin, Missouri, who lived in Harlem after 1947 . A leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance , Hughes applied blues and jazz techniques in his poetry from The Weary Blues ( 1926 ) onwards. He wrote a number of plays and novels, though from his fiction the five volumes of Simple stories ( 1950–65 ), presenting Jesse B. Semple as the spokesman for urban black America, were most successful. Hughes published two autobiographical volumes, The Big Sea ( 1940 ) and I Wonder as I Wander (...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–67)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
96 words

..., Langston ( 1902–67 ) African American writer , a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance . Hughes applied blues and jazz techniques in his poetry from The Weary Blues ( 1926 ) onwards. Of his fiction, the most successful was the five volumes of Simple stories ( 1950–65 ), presenting Jesse B. Semple as the spokesman for urban black America. The Big Sea ( 1940 ) and I Wonder as I Wander ( 1956 ) are autobiographical. Hughes was a vigorous campaigner against racism and in the 1930s was drawn to the social promise of...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–67)   Reference library

Lewis Turco

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1940 ) and I Wonder As I Wander (Rinehart, 1956 ). Jemie Onwuchekwa ’s book Langston Hughes: An Introduction to the Poetry (Columbia University Press, 1976 ) provides a good overall view of the poet's work, as does Arnold Rampersad ’s The Life of Langston Hughes (Oxford University Press, 1986–8 ; new edn., 2002) of his career. See The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes (Knopf, 1994) and also the first three volumes of The Collected Works of Langston Hughes , ed. Arnold Rampersad (University of Missouri Press, 2001). Lewis Turco *...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–1967)   Reference library

Tanya Agathocleous

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Langston ( 1902–1967 ), African American writer . Born in Joplin, Missouri, and educated at Columbia and Lincoln universities, Langston Hughes established himself as a writer with The Weary Blues ( 1926 ), a collection of poems influenced by jazz rhythms. Subsequent poetry collections, notably Shakespeare in Harlem ( 1942 ), Montage of a Dream Deferred ( 1951 ), and The Panther and the Lash ( 1967 ), solidified his reputation as the “Negro Poet Laureate.” A central figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes wrote prolifically, producing a...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,397 words
Illustration(s):
1

...by Langston Hughes . Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995. Jemie, Onwuchekwa . Langston Hughes: An Introduction to the Poetry . New York: Columbia University Press, 1976. McLaren, Joseph . Langston Hughes: Folk Dramatist in the Protest Tradition, 1921–1943 . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1997. Miller, R. Baxter . The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes . Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1989. Nichols, Charles H ., ed. Arna Bontemps-Langston Hughes Letters, 1925–1967 . New York: Dodd, Mead, 1980. Ostrom, Hans A . Langston Hughes: A...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

Tanya Agathocleous

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
317 words

...Hughes, Langston ( 1902–1967 ), African American writer. Born in Joplin, Missouri, and educated at Columbia and Lincoln universities, Langston Hughes established himself as a writer with The Weary Blues ( 1926 ), a collection of poems influenced by jazz rhythms. Subsequent poetry collections, notably Shakespeare in Harlem ( 1942 ), Montage of a Dream Deferred ( 1951 ), and The Panther and the Lash ( 1967 ), solidified his reputation as the “Negro Poet Laureate.” A central figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes wrote prolifically, producing a...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
634 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Hughes tried to distract his attention from poverty by turning to books. Langston Hughes . Photograph by Jack Delano for the Office of War Information. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress When Hughes's grandmother died, he went to live with friends of his grandmother, and for the first time since moving to Kansas he had enough to eat. At age fourteen he went to live with his mother in Lincoln, Illinois, and his classmates elected him class poet, believing that he would have the rhythm necessary to write poetry for the class. As Hughes...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (b. 1 February 1902)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,583 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Wallace .] Bibliography Berry, Faith . Langston Hughes: Before and beyond Harlem . Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill, 1983. Hughes, Langston . The Collected Works of Langston Hughes . 16 vols. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2001–2004. Hughes, Langston . “ My Adventures as a Social Poet. ” Phylon 8, no. 3 (1947): 205–212. Reprinted in Langston Hughes, Good Morning, Revolution: Uncollected Social Protest Writings, edited by Faith Berry , pp. 135–142. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1973. Hughes, Langston . “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain.” ...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
154 words

..., Langston ( 1902–67 ) *African-American writer , considered the poetic voice of the Harlem Renaissance. His play Mulatto ( 1935 ), the story of the white patriarch and the long-suffering maid who bears his children, was the first full-length drama by an African American to appear on Broadway. Prior to this Hughes had collaborated with *Hurston on a folk play called Mule Bone , based on her short story; the partners quarrelled, and the work was not produced until 1991 . Hughes worked with Cleveland 's Karamu House in 1936 , then founded the...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

Barbara Lewis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
156 words

..., Langston ( 1902–67 ) African-American writer, considered the poetic voice of the Harlem Renaissance. His play Mulatto ( 1935 ), the story of the white patriarch and the long-suffering maid who bears his children, was the first full-length drama by an African American to appear on Broadway. Prior to this Hughes had collaborated with Zora Neale Hurston on a folk play called Mule Bone , based on her short story; the partners quarrelled, and the work was not produced until 1991 . Hughes worked with Cleveland's Karamu House in 1936 , then founded the...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston (1902–1967)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,739 words

...out-of-print selections. [See also Hurston, Zora Neale ; Madam Alberta K. Johnson ; Mule Bone . Arnold Rampersad , The Life of Langston Hughes, 2 vols., 1986–1988. Christopher C. De Santis , Langston Hughes: A Documentary, 2005. R. Baxter Miller , The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes , 2006. John Edgar Tidwell , “Langston Hughes as a ‘Down Low’ Brother?” in Montage of a Dream Deferred: The Art and Life of Langston Hughes, eds., John Edgar Tidwell and Cheryl R. Ragar, 2007. Arnold...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
4,538 words

...Further Reading Berry, Faith . Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem . Westport, Conn., 1983. A solid biography, notable in that, unlike Arnold Rampersad's biography, it asserts that Hughes was homosexual. Bloom, Harold , ed. Langston Hughes . New York, 1989. A collection of critical essays on Hughes's poetry, prose, and drama. It includes an insightful essay on Hughes's poetry by Onwuchekwa Jemie, “Jazz, Jive, and Jam,” and a good essay on the origins of Hughes's artistic impulse (“The Origins of Poetry in Langston Hughes”) by the biographer Arnold...

Hughes, Langston

Hughes, Langston   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Langston ( James Mercer Hughes ) ( 1902–67 ), African-American writer , born in Joplin, Missouri, educated at Columbia and Lincoln Universities. Hughes was an important figure in the Harlem Renaissance , who sought to capture the dominant oral and improvisatory traditions of black culture in written form. In the 1920s he drifted around Europe and North America with a variety of jobs; he wrote and published poetry continuously, including eleven poems in an anthology entitled The New Negro ( 1925 ). Some of his early poetry was published in Crisis ...

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (190267)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
43 words

...Langston Hughes 1902 67 American poet What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun? ‘Harlem’ (1951). Hence, A Raisin in the Sun , the title of a play (1959; film US 1961) by Lorraine...

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (1902–67)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
96 words

...0Langston Langston Hughes 1902 – 67 American writer and poet I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes. ‘I, Too’ (1925) I, too, sing America I am the darker brother send me to eat in the kitchen ‘It's powerful,’ he said. ‘What?’ ‘That one drop of Negro blood—because just one drop of black blood makes a man coloured. One drop—you are a Negro!’ Simple Takes a Wife (1953) one drop of Negro blood one drop of black blood one drop of black ...

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (1902–67)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
210 words

...0Langston Langston Hughes 1902 – 67 American writer and poet I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes. ‘I, Too’ in Survey Graphic March 1925 I, too, sing America I, too, sing America I am the darker brother send me to eat in the kitchen I've known rivers: I've known rivers ancient as the world and older than the flow of human blood in human veins. ‘The Negro Speaks of Rivers’ (1921) I've known rivers rivers ancient as the world flow of human blood I bathed in the Euphrates when...

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (1902–67)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
325 words

...0Langston Langston Hughes 1902 – 67 American writer and poet I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes. ‘I, Too’ (1925) I, too, sing America I, too, sing America I am the darker brother send me to eat in the kitchen That Justice is a blind goddess Is a thing to which we black are wise. Her bandage hides two festering sores That once perhaps were eyes. ‘Justice’ justice is a blind goddess Justice is a blind goddess Justice is a blind goddess Sometimes a crumb falls From the tables...

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (1902–67)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
272 words

...0Langston Langston Hughes 1902 – 67 American writer and poet I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes. ‘I, Too’ in Survey Graphic March 1925 Listen I, too, sing America I, too, sing America I am the darker brother send me to eat in the kitchen I, too, am America. ‘I, Too’ in Survey Graphic March 1925 I , too, am America I, too , am America I, too, am America I've known rivers: I've known rivers ancient as the world and older than the flow of human blood in human veins....

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (1902–67)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
381 words

...Langston Hughes 1902 – 67 When I get to be a composer I'm gonna write me some music about Daybreak in Alabama. And I'm gonna put the purtiest songs in it Rising out of the ground like a swamp mist And falling out of heaven like soft dew. Daybreak in Alabama , 1940 Let America be America again. Let it be the dream it used to be. …. O, let America be America again— The land that has never been yet— And yet must be— The land where every man is free. …. America never was America to me. And yet, I swear this oath— America will be! Let America Be America ,...

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