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Lake Wobegon effect

A tendency for most people to believe that they are above average in intelligence, sense of humour, diving ability, and similar traits. Although the effect arises from a self-serving bias, ...

Lake Wobegon effect

Lake Wobegon effect n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...elementary school results above the national average. Also called the Lake Wobegon fallacy . Also (mis)spelt Lake Woebegon and Lake Woebegone . Compare unrealistic optimism . [Alluding to Lake Wobegon, ‘a place where all the women are strong, all the men are good-looking, and all the children are above average’ in a radio show entitled A Prairie Home Companion , created and hosted by the US writer Garrison Keillor (born 1942 ) and described in his novel Lake Wobegon Days ( 1985...

Lake Wobegon effect

Lake Wobegon effect  

A tendency for most people to believe that they are above average in intelligence, sense of humour, diving ability, and similar traits. Although the effect arises from a self-serving bias, the ...
unrealistic optimism

unrealistic optimism  

A judgemental bias that tends to affect people's subjective estimates of the likelihood of future events in their lives, causing them to overestimate the likelihood of positive or desirable events ...
arithmetic mean

arithmetic mean  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In descriptive statistics, the average value, calculated (for a finite set of scores) by adding the scores together and then dividing the total by the number of scores. Often referred to simply as ...
self-serving bias

self-serving bias  

1. Any tendency to interpret events in ways that favour the interpreter.2. (defensive attribution) (psychology) A tendency for individuals to attribute their own successes to personal strengths (such ...
mean

mean  

In statistics, the average as calculated by the sum of each data point divided by the total number of data points. See also variance.
self-serving bias

self-serving bias n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...bias n . An attribution bias that leads people to ascribe their own successes to internal personal factors, such as ability, and their failures to external situational causes, such as bad luck. See also attribution theory , Kelley’s cube , Lake Wobegon effect...

illusory superiority

illusory superiority   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
142 words

...theory ). Other terms are sometimes used to describe illusory superiority; for example, ‘Lake Wobegon effect’, which is derived from the fictional town of that name created by the American author and broadcaster Garrison Keillor. Lake Wobegon, Keillor writes, is a town where ‘all the women are strong, all the men are good-looking, and all the children are above...

mean

mean n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. Short for arithmetic mean : in descriptive statistics, the average value, calculated for a finite set of scores by adding the scores together and then dividing the total by the number of scores. See also geometric mean , harmonic mean , Lake Wobegon effect , trimmed mean . Compare median , mode . M abbrev. mean adj. [From Old French moien , from Latin medius ...

arithmetic mean

arithmetic mean n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...statistics, the average value, calculated (for a finite set of scores) by adding the scores together and then dividing the total by the number of scores. Often referred to simply as the mean , this is the most commonly used measure of central tendency . See also Lake Wobegon effect , median , mode , trimmed mean . Compare geometric mean , harmonic mean . M abbrev. [From Old French moien , from Latin medianus ...

unrealistic optimism

unrealistic optimism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...and their chances of experiencing negative events, such as having a heart attack before age 40, being sued by someone , and being the victim of a mugging , to be significantly below average. See also depressive realism , hypomanic episode . Compare Lake Wobegon effect , overconfidence effect...

higher‐order representation theories of consciousness

higher‐order representation theories of consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,231 words

...is either infallible or, if not flatly infallible, non‐contingently constrained against unreliability. Sydney Shoemaker, for example, grants that pain can ‘occasionally’ escape awareness, but he insists that that could not happen ‘as a matter of course; it may be true in Lake Wobegon that all of the children are above average, but it can't be true everywhere’. Lycan ( 1996 ) replied to Shoemaker that introspection is certainly fallible to some degree; e.g. having been elaborately *primed to expect being branded, the freshman undergoing a fraternity...

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