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Labor Party

(Australia) The oldest surviving political party in Australia. Founded in the 1880s and 1890s, the title of the Labor groups varied from state to state until 1918, when all adopted the ...

Labor Party

Labor Party ((Australia))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
220 words

.... Some Labor followers combined with the Nationalist Party to form the United Australia Party under J. A. Lyons. Together with the Country Party it dominated federal and state politics until 1937 , usually in coalition governments. The Labor Party was again in power from 1941 to 1949 , but was then in opposition for 23 years. A breakaway Labor group emerged in 1955 over the attitude of the Party to communism, a group of federal Labor members forming the new Anti‐Communist Labor Party, which later became the Democratic Labor Party. Since 1972 Labor has...

Labor Party

Labor Party   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
123 words

... Party Social democratic party in Australia. Founded in 1891 , it is the oldest surviving political party in Australia. It first held federal office in 1904 . In 1916 , the party split over involvement in World War 1. Prime Minister W. M. Hughes led the majority, pro-conscription wing into the breakaway National Party. In 1929 , the Labor Party returned to office under J. H. Scullin , but it fractured again over policies to combat the Great Depression . Between 1939 and 1949 , the Labor government introduced important social welfare reforms. In ...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
197 words

... Party ; Labor Party . In Great Britain, the spelling is Labour Party ; in Australia, the spelling is Labor Party . How should Americans spell the name of the British party? Most newspapers Americanize the spelling, making it Labor , but the better practice is to spell this proper name, like any other, the way the nameholder spells it—e.g.: • “Opposition leader John Smith died from a heart attack Thursday, creating a crisis for the Labor [read Labour ] Party just as it was looking strong enough to regain control of government.” “British...

labour party

labour party   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
44 words

... party . The Labour Representation Committee, which was formed in 1900 as a loose federation of trade unions and socialist societies , changed its name to the Labour Party upon winning 29 seats in the election of 1906 . Its constitution was drawn up in 1918...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
238 words

... Party Social democratic political party, traditionally closely linked with the trade-union movement. There are Labour Parties in many countries, including Australia, Britain, Canada, Israel, and New Zealand. The first British socialist parties, founded in the 1880s, united in the Independent Labour Party ( ILP ) in 1893 , whose president was Keir Hardie , the first socialist member of Parliament. The ILP created the Labour Representation Committee in 1900 , which was renamed the Labour Party in 1906 . In 1922 , Labour became the second-largest party...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
72 words

... Party The Labour Representation Committee, which was formed in 1900 as a loose federation of trade unions and socialist societies, changed its name to the Labour Party upon winning 29 seats in the election of 1906 . Its constitution was drawn up in 1918 . The Labour Party formed minority governments in 1924 and 1929–31 and first achieved majority control in 1945–51 . Since then, it has formed governments in 1964–70 , 1974–9 , and 1997–2010...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Reference library

Stuart Carter and Robert Crowcroft

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,016 words

...Labour majority, and a third victory in 2005 , though with a reduced majority, had Labour enthusiasts declaring that, at last, their party had become ‘the natural party of government’. The Labour Party’s third successive electoral victory was an extraordinary achievement. But after Blair had handed over the premiership to Gordon Brown in 2007 , the party’s popularity waned. Conservative opposition began at last to make some headway, Labour suffered some heavy by-election defeats, and the onset of a severe financial crisis in 2008 damaged the party’s...

Labour Party

Labour Party ((Britain))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
619 words

... Party (Britain) A major political party in Britain. Following the third Reform Act ( 1884 ), a movement developed for direct representation of labour interests in Parliament. In 1889 a Scottish Labour Party was formed, winning three seats in 1892 , including one by Keir Hardie , who in 1893 helped to form the Independent Labour Party , advocating pacifism and socialism . In 1900 a Labour Representative Committee was formed which in 1906 succeeded in winning 29 seats and changed its name to the Labour Party. In 1918 the Party adopted a...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Quick reference

Jonathan Bradbury

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,722 words

... Party The principal centre‐left party in modern British politics. It was established as the Labour Representation Committee in 1900 , becoming the Labour Party in 1906 . Labour developed as a mass party, with its origins in late nineteenth‐century working‐class protest. Its strategy from its formation was electoral, eschewing direct action as a route to political power. Its structure formally placed a high premium on internal party democracy, putting responsibility for policy with the annual Party Conference. A key part of Labour’s origins, however, lay...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
568 words

... Party . ‘Labour’ candidates had contested local elections since 1899 , and the Irish Trade Union Congress ( see irish congress of trade unions ) had voted in 1912 to form a Labour Party. Two years later the congress changed its name to ‘Irish Trades Union Congress and Labour Party’, but no party organization was established and the movement stood aside at the general elections of 1918 and 1921 . The party enjoyed a dramatic success at the general election of 1922 , when it won 21.3 per cent of the vote and all but one of its eighteen candidates were...

Labour Party

Labour Party ((New Zealand))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
206 words

... Party (New Zealand) A major political party in New Zealand. It was formed in 1910 out of the trade union movement but was rivalled by the militant Red Feds . Re‐formed in 1916 , the Party supported compulsory industrial arbitration and constitutional change. Its policies favoured nationalization of much industry and state leasehold of land, and these were further modified before it won office in 1935 under Michael Savage . The first Labour government ( 1935–49 ) effected radical change, stimulating economic recovery through public works, state...

Labour Party

Labour Party   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,054 words

... Party Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997–2010. The Labour Representation Committee was established in 1900 by a conference of trade unionists and socialists orchestrated by Keir Hardie . Although it won only two seats in the 1900 ‘khaki’ election, the secret electoral pact with the Liberal Party negotiated by Ramsay MacDonald in 1903 helped the rechristened Labour Party enjoy a tally of 30 MPs after the 1906...

Democratic Labor Party

Democratic Labor Party   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
251 words

...Labor Party ( DLP ) was an anti-communist political party formed by members of the Australian Labor Party . It had close associations to the Catholic lay organisation, the Movement . In 1955 the ALP leader H. V. Evatt led an attack on the right-wing Australian Labor Party members who supported the Industrial Groups, which had been established to combat the influence of communism within the trade unions and were backed by the Movement. The breakaway section of expelled Victorian members formed the Australian Labor Party (Non-Communist), and...

Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,639 words

...Labor Party ( ALP ) is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the unions in the strikes and lockouts of the early 1890s stimulated the turn to parliamentary action, and the new party achieved greatest initial success in NSW (where it won 35 seats in the 1891 elections) and Qld. These early labour parties went by various names in the different colonies: the Labour Electoral League in NSW, the Australian Labour...

Greenback Labor Party

Greenback Labor Party   Reference library

Shelton Stromquist

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Labor Party The Greenback Labor Party represented a brief but potent Gilded Age expression of working-class antimonopoly sentiment. In the aftermath of the depression of 1873 , the formation of the agrarian-based Greenback Party in 1874–1875 , the railroad strikes of 1877 , and the electoral success of local workingmen's parties in industrial states in 1877 , 150 delegates assembled in Toledo, Ohio, in February 1878 to organize the National Party, also known as the Greenback Labor Party. Its labor-oriented platform called for shorter working...

Greenback Labor Party

Greenback Labor Party   Reference library

Shelton Stromquist

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
319 words

...Labor Party The Greenback Labor Party represented a brief but potent Gilded Age expression of working-class antimonopoly sentiment. In the aftermath of the depression of 1873 , the formation of the agrarian-based Greenback Party in 1874 – 1875 , the railroad strikes of 1877 , and the electoral success of local workingmen’s parties in industrial states in 1877 , 150 delegates assembled in Toledo , Ohio , in February 1878 to organize the National (or Greenback Labor) Party. Its labor-oriented platform called for shorter working hours, a ban on...

Labor Party, Australian

Labor Party, Australian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
982 words

...Labor Party, Australian ( ALP ) Early history (up to 1991) Australia's oldest political party emerged in 1891 as the Political Labor League out of a number of labour groups formed in the second half of the nineteenth century. The political Labor movement gained a vital stimulus from the general strike wave of the 1890s, which galvanized local Labor groups into action to achieve Labor representation in the state parliaments. Labor formed a national parliamentary party after the first federal elections in 1901 .While always trying to extend its appeal to...

Greenback Labor Party.

Greenback Labor Party.   Reference library

Shelton Stromquist

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
313 words

...Greenback Labor Party. The Greenback Labor party represented a brief but potent Gilded Age expression of working-class anti-monopoly sentiment. In the aftermath of the depression of 1873 , the formation of the agrarian-based Greenback Party in 1874–1875 , the railroad strikes of 1877 , and the electoral success of local workingmen's parties in industrial states in 1877 , 150 delegates assembled in Toledo, Ohio, in February 1878 to organize the National (or Greenback Labor) party. Its labor-oriented platform called for shorter working hours, a ban on...

Labor Party, Israel

Labor Party, Israel   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
713 words

...poll ratings continued to fall and splits within the party grew. In the April 2019 elections the party only won six seats, and Gabbay resigned shortly after, his bid to reverse the party’s decline by moving back to the centre having failed. He was replaced by Amir Peretz, who previously led the party 2005–7. He surprisingly allied with the centre-right Gesher party rather than other left-of-centre parties for the September 2019 elections. https://www.labor.org.il/index.php Israeli Labor Party official site (in...

Democratic Labor Party

Democratic Labor Party   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,082 words

...Labor Party The Democratic Labor Party ( DLP ) was the product of the third great split ( 1954–55 ) in the Australian Labor Party (— see ALP ), which took place during the Cold War . The party split after Labor leader H. V. Evatt , upon losing the 1954 federal election, denounced the activities within the party of the so-called ‘Groupers’. The Groupers were right-wing anti-communist activists associated with party-sanctioned Industrial Groups that fought within trade unions against candidates backed by the Communist Party of Australia and...

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