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Quotations

Quotations   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,346 words

...dégénère entre les mains de l'homme ( Rousseau , Émile ) Tout est dit, et l'on vient trop tard ( La Bruyère , Les Caractères ) Tout est pour le mieux dans le meilleur des mondes possibles ( Voltaire , Candide ) Tout passe.—L'art robuste Seul a l'éternité ( Gautier , Émaux et camées ) Tu causes, tu causes, c'est tout ce que tu sais faire ( Queneau , Zazie dans le métro ) Un roman est un miroir qui se promène sur une grande route ( Stendhal , Le Rouge et le noir ) Un seul être vous manque, et tout est dépeuplé (Lamartine, ‘L'Isolement’) Vérité au‐deçà des...

Cendrars, Blaise

Cendrars, Blaise (1887–1961)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
467 words

...with a narrative strand, are the characteristic marks of this author, whose impact on French poetry is over by the 1930s. His L'Anthologie nègre ( 1921 ) also contributed to the contemporary cult of the primitive and the exotic in avant‐garde art. His prose works, of which the best‐known are L'Or ( 1925 ), Moravagine ( 1926 ), Le Plan de l'aiguille and Les Confessions de Dan Yack (both 1929 ), Rhum ( 1930 ), L'Homme foudroyé ( 1945 ), and Bourlinguer ( 1948 ), also mix truth and fiction (whatever their nominal genre) in a way that owes much...

Bell, Sir Charles

Bell, Sir Charles   Reference library

J. Cohen

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,059 words

...School, which represented life as ‘the mere physical result of certain combinations and actions of parts by them termed Organization’. This was an oblique reference to the Cartesian conception of ‘animal as machine’ ( see Descartes, René ), which culminated in La Mettrie 's L'Homme machine . A simple principle governed his work, namely ‘that design and benevolence were everywhere visible in the natural world’. The ‘different affections of the nerves of the outward senses’ were, for him, ‘the signals which the Author of nature has willed to be the means by...

Minuet

Minuet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,193 words

...steps from the general vocabulary which are danced to one 3/4 measure. Several minuets performed by famous dancers are extant: Pecour's “Entrée pour un Homme et une Femme,” published in 1704 ; a menuet rondeau from Omphalle , by Destouches, danced by Ballon and Subligny; “The Submission” by Tomlinson ( 1717 ), performed in London by “Monsieur and Mademoiselle Salle, the two French Children”; and Anthony L'Abbé's “Menuet performed by Mrs. Santlow,” published c. 1725 . A solo for a man, “Le Menuet de Mr. Ballon,” contained in an undated manuscript, begins...

Tuareg

Tuareg   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,774 words

...cords and are worn around the neck, on the upper arm or on turbans. The simplest forms are thin, flat cases with two suspension rings. These are sometimes augmented with one or more superimposed cases. Most amulets are hammered, then adorned with repoussé, stamped or engraved geometric motifs, and some have ebony inlay. Tubular models have continuous surface designs, and leather amulets bear incised and stamped decorations. Simple band bracelets made of serpentine are worn singly or in pairs on the upper arm. Men's rings are cast in solid silver and display...

children's drawings of human figures

children's drawings of human figures   Reference library

Norman H. Freeman

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,026 words
Illustration(s):
8

...move away from the ‘development of drawings’ to the psychological development of the child drawer (Freeman and Cox 1985 ). Fig. 1. Drawings of people done by nursery-school children, showing their different solutions to the difficult problem. Fig. 2. The tadpole figure ( homme têtard ). The central one was produced by a severely mentally handicapped adult, the other two by pre-school children. Are the arms really attached to the head? Fig. 3. Trend towards visually faithful drawings by Helen, between 4 years 6 months and 5 years 6 months, as she...

Malebranche, Nicolas

Malebranche, Nicolas (1638–1715)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,539 words

...the writings of Augustine. He certainly knew of the doctrines of Descartes through certain professors of the order who considered themselves adherents of this new philosophy, but he did not actually read any of Descartes's works until 1664 , when he happened upon a copy of De l'homme ( Treatise on Man ) in a bookstall. The event was life-changing: Malebranche's early biographer, Yves-Marie André , who knew him well, tells us that the joy of becoming acquainted with so many discoveries “caused him such palpitations of the heart that the had to stop reading...

African Union

African Union   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
9,913 words

...Interafricaine des Droits de lHomme v. Rwanda , 1997 ). Similarly, mass expulsion “of any category of persons” was a “special violation of human rights” that impacted on numerous other rights in the charter (African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Communication 159/96, Union Interafricaine des Droits de lHomme, Federation Internationale des Ligues des Droits de lHomme, Rencontre Africaine des Droits de lHomme, Organisation Mondiale des Droits de lHomme au Sénégal, and Association Malienne des Droits de lHomme v. Angola , 1998 ). The African...

Roméo et Juliette

Roméo et Juliette   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,980 words

...nature's wonders ( cavatine , ‘Berceau de tous les êtres’). Romeo rushes in and reveals his love for Juliet Capulet. She soon follows and the two ask Laurence to marry them. Convinced of the strength of their attachment, he performs the ceremony (trio and quartet, ‘Dieu qui fis l'homme à ton image’). The two lovers ritualistically interject a chant‐like response between each stanza of his prayer and the three of them are soon joined by Gertrude for a strette that extols the bliss of love with an impressive crescendo and melodic sequence. 3.ii A street in...

Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile

Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile (6 July 1865)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,195 words

...into Music . Translated by David Parlett . Oxford, 1991. Brunet-Lecomte, Hélène . Jaques-Dalcroze: Sa vie, son oeuvre . Geneva, 1950. Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile , et al. The Eurhythmics of Jaques-Dalcroze . London and Boston, 1912. Martin, Frank , et al. Émile Jaques Dalcroze: L'homme, le compositeur, le créateur de la rythmique . Neuchâtel, 1965. Odom, Selma Landen . Choreographing Orpheus: Hellerau 1913 and Warwick 1991. In Dance Reconstructed , edited by Barbara Palfy . New Brunswick, N.J., 1993. Spector, Irwin . Rhythm and Life: The Work of Émile...

Canary

Canary   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,286 words

.... Orchésographie et traicte en forme de dialogve, par leqvel tovtes personnes pevvent facilement apprendre & practiquer l'honneste exercice des dances . Langres, 1588, 1589. Facsimile reprint, Langres, 1988. Reprinted with expanded title as Orchésographie, metode, et teorie en forme de discovrs et tablatvre povr apprendre a dancer, battre le Tambour en toute sorte & diuersité de bateries, Iouët du fifre & arigot, tirer des armes & escrimer, auec autres honnestes exercices fort conuenables à la Ieunesse. Langres, 1596. Facsimile reprint, Geneva, 1972....

Manon

Manon   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,633 words
Illustration(s):
1

...A ct 3.i The Cours‐la‐Reine Lescaut and the three actresses are among the tradesmen and pleasure‐seekers (Lescaut: ‘A quoi bon l'économie & O Rosalinde’). The actresses pointedly snub Guillot, who in turn provokes the possessive and jealous Brétigny; he has heard that Manon asked her protector to invite the company from the Opéra to perform at her home, and he refused. Guillot makes plans. Manon enters on Brétigny's arm, at the summit of her fame (‘Je marche sur tous les chemins’; Gavotte: ‘Obéissons quand leur voix appelle’). Manon then overhears a...

West Indies

West Indies   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,602 words

...have been a mulatto, is perceptibly more liberal on the question of miscegenation than other writers of the period. Dominated by reactionary and openly racist white writing, the post‐ 1815 period also witnessed the emergence, first expressed in the pamphlet De la situation des hommes de couleur libres aux Antilles françaises ( 1823 ), of a progressive mulatto voice committed to the acquisition of full French citizenship for the gens de couleur libres (eventually secured in 1833 ) and, by extension, to the liberation of the black slave population (finally...

Quillwork

Quillwork   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,717 words

...headdresses in the Musée de lHomme, Paris . In America, the Museum of the American Indian (Heye Foundation, New York ) has important collections. While most of these specimens are from a region east of the Great Plains, they exhibit wrapped, woven, and sewn techniques virtually identical to those found on later Plains specimens. W. C. Orchard : The Technique of Porcupine Quill Decoration among the Indians of North America , Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, iv/1 (New York, 1916/ R 1971) H. L. Roth : American Quillwork:...

Nineteenth-Century French Fiction

Nineteenth-Century French Fiction   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literature in English Translation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,397 words

...1866 , Toilers of the Sea) and L'Homme qui rit ( 1869 , The Laughing Man), exist only in old translations, inaccurate and abridged. As an exception, one must welcolme the valuable new version by Geoff Woollen of the anti-capital-punishment texts, including Le Dernier Jour d'un condamné ( 1829 , The Last Days of a Condemned Man). Even for Hugo's greatest novel, Les Misérables ( 1862 ), the situation is unsatisfactory. This has been several times translated, and often excerpted. The original ‘authorized’ version by F. C. L. Wraxall was much reprinted,...

Algerian War

Algerian War   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
7,568 words

...it to be committed. Bollardière wrote an autobiography, Bataille d’Alger, bataille de lhomme (Battle of Algiers, Battle of Man, 1972 ), and went on to become a leading figure in Le Mouvement Altérnatif Nonviolent (Nonviolent Alternative Movement; MAN ), a grassroots nonviolent organization active throughout France . A body of literature about the war was produced by others who also served in the military in Algeria. Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, editor of L’Express , who served with honor in World War II and again in the Algerian War, wrote ...

Gay literature

Gay literature   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
4,489 words

...also noteworthy for its post- aids apocalypticism—a tone characteristic of the work of younger Canadian gay writers who have never known sex without the association of death. One thinks of Lawrence Braithwaite's Wigger ( 1995 ), or Michel Butler's L'homme de mon lit ( 1992 ) and François Brunet's L'acte de folie ( 1993 )—two Quebec novels that stand in sharp contrast to the social realism of Michel Tremblay 's Le coeur découvert ( 1986 ) and Le coeur éclaté ( 1993 ). The various postures affected by the characters in these novels attest to the...

Gothic metalwork

Gothic metalwork   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,409 words
Illustration(s):
1

... L’Europe gothique (exh. cat., ed. P. Pradel ; Paris, Louvre, 1968) P. Lasko : Ars sacra, 800–1200 , Pelican Hist. A. (Harmonsworth, 1972; New Haven and London, 2/1994) Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur, 800–1400 (exh. cat., Cologne, Kunsthalle; Brussels, Musées Royaux A. & Hist., 1972) P. Boucaud and C. Frégnac : Les Etains des origines au début du XIXe siècle (Fribourg, 1978) H. Lockner : Messing (Munich, 1982) E. Taburet-Delahaye : L’Orfèvrerie gothique au Musée de Cluny (Paris, 1987) P. Benoit and D. Cailleaux , eds: Hommes et...

Paris Opera Ballet

Paris Opera Ballet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,982 words

...1807. Edited by Fernand Divoire as Lettres sur la danse et les arts imitateurs (Paris, 1952). Parfaict, François , and Claude Parfaict . Histoire de l'Académie Royale de Musique . N.p., 1741. Manuscript located in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. fr.6532. Pitou, Spire . The Paris Opéra: An Encyclopedia of Operas, Ballets, Composers, and Performers . Westport, Conn., 1983–. Prod'homme, J. G. L'Opéra, 1669–1926 . Paris, 1925. Raguenet, François . Paralèle des Italiens et des François, en ce qui regarde la musique et les opéra . Paris, 1702....

Polysemy Versus Homonymy

Polysemy Versus Homonymy   Reference library

Salvador Valera

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Morphology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Linguistics, Language reference
Length:
11,222 words
Illustration(s):
11

...University Press. Goddard, C. (1998). Semantic analysis: A practical introduction . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Granger, S. (1983). The be + past participle construction in spoken English . Amsterdam, The Netherlands: North-Holland. Hagége, C. (1985). LHomme de Paroles . Paris, France: Fayard. Haiman, J. (1980). The iconicity of grammar: Isomorphism and motivation. Language , 56 (3), 515–540. Haspelmath, M. (1996). Word-class-changing inflection and morphological theory. In G. Booij & J. van Marle (Eds.), Yearbook of morphology...

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