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Keir Hardie

Subject: History

(1856–1915) Scottish Labour politician. He worked as a miner before entering Parliament in 1892, becoming the first leader of the Independent Labour Party the next year. In 1906 ...

Hardie, Keir

Hardie, Keir (1856–1915)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
66 words

..., Keir ( James Keir Hardie ) ( 1856–1915 ) Scottish socialist politician . In 1888 , he founded the Scottish Parliamentary Labour Party. In 1892 , Hardie entered Parliament as the first socialist MP. In 1893 , he founded the Independent Labour Party. In 1906 , he became a co-founder and first leader ( 1906–08 ) of the Labour Party . A committed pacifist, he withdrew from Labour politics in World War...

Hardie, Keir

Hardie, Keir (1856–1915)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
82 words

..., Keir ( James Keir Hardie ) ( 1856–1915 ) Scottish Labour politician . He worked as a miner before entering Parliament in 1892 , becoming the first leader of the Independent Labour Party the next year. In 1906 he became a co-founder and first leader of the Labour Party. His pacifist views prompted his withdrawal from Labour politics when the majority of his party’s MPs declared their support for British participation in World War I, although he remained an MP until his death....

Hardie, Keir

Hardie, Keir   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
326 words

..., Keir . James Keir Hardie ( 1856–1915 ) was the founding father of the British Labour Party ( see Labourism ). After a childhood of poverty and working as a miner, Hardie turned to political journalism. After his efforts to become a parliamentary candidate for the Liberal Party ended in failure, Hardie decided to stand as an independent ‘working man's candidate’ in the Mid‐Lanark by‐election of 1888 . Although he lost badly, he was convinced that progress for the working class could be attained only through having working‐class MPs who would be able to...

Hardie, Keir

Hardie, Keir   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,139 words

..., Keir . James Keir Hardie ( 1856–1915 ) is best known as the working-class founder of the British Independent Labour Party ( ILP ) ( 1893 ), and Hardie helped found the Labour Representation Committee ( 1900 ), which became the Labour Party in 1906 : Hardie became its Chairman. He was the first Independent Labour Movement member to be elected to Parliament ( 1892–1895 ) and again as Labour member in 1900 and remained an MP until his death. He is less known for his vigorous internationalist peace efforts and his antimilitarism. He worked tirelessly for...

Keir Hardie

Keir Hardie (1856–1915)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
179 words

...0Keir Keir Hardie 1856 – 1915 Scottish Labour politician From his childhood onward this boy [ the future Edward VIII ] will be surrounded by sycophants and flatterers by the score— [ Cries of ‘Oh, oh!’ ] —and will be taught to believe himself as of a superior creation. [ Cries of ‘Oh, oh!’ ] A line will be drawn between him and the people whom he is to be called upon some day to reign over. In due course, following the precedent which has already been set, he will be sent on a tour round the world, and probably rumours of a morganatic alliance...

Keir Hardie

Keir Hardie (1856–1915)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
209 words

...0Keir Keir Hardie 1856 – 1915 Scottish Labour politician , first leader of both the Independent Labour Party (1893) and the Labour Party (1906) From his childhood onward this boy will be surrounded by sycophants and flatterers by the score— [ Cries of ‘Oh, oh!’ ] —and will be taught to believe himself as of a superior creation. [ Cries of ‘Oh, oh!’ ] A line will be drawn between him and the people whom he is to be called upon some day to reign over. In due course, following the precedent which has already been set, he will be sent on a tour round...

Hardie, James Keir

Hardie, James Keir (1856–1915)   Reference library

Geoffrey Alderman

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
167 words

..., James Keir ( 1856–1915 ) . Socialist politician. Born in Lanarkshire, Hardie grew up in extreme poverty. While working as a journalist he was instrumental in organizing the Lanarkshire and Ayrshire miners, becoming secretary of the Scottish Miners’ Federation in 1886 and, in 1887 , chairman of the Scottish Labour Party. In 1892 he was elected as an independent Labour MP for South West Ham; the following year he established the Independent Labour Party. Hardie was a thoroughly class-conscious socialist (outraging Westminster opinion by wearing a...

Hardie, (James) Keir

Hardie, (James) Keir (1856–1915)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
166 words

..., (James) Keir ( 1856–1915 ) British politician and chief founder of the Labour Party. A coalminer in his native Lanarkshire, Scotland, from the age of ten, Hardie was active in miners' organizations before becoming an independent Labour MP in 1892 . When the Independent Labour Party was formed in 1893 , he was its first chairman, and in 1900 he helped create the Labour Representation Committee, precursor of the Labour Party. Hardie lost his parliamentary seat in 1895 but was re-elected in 1900 as MP for Merthyr Tydfil in Wales. From 1906 to...

Hardie, James Keir

Hardie, James Keir (15 Aug. 1856)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
357 words

...Hardie, James Keir (b. Legbrannoch, near Holytown, Lanarkshire , 15 Aug. 1856 ; d. Glasgow , 2 Sept. 1915 ) first Independent Labour MP 1892 , first chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party 1906 The son of a farm servant, educated at elementary school and evening classes, Hardie started work at the age of 7 as a messenger boy, later becoming a coal miner. Precluded from further work in the coal mines in 1878 because of his attempts to organize miners, he help to found the Scottish Miners' Federation, of which he became the first secretary in ...

Hardie, James Keir

Hardie, James Keir   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
122 words

..., James Keir ( 1856–1915 ). Socialist politician . Born in Lanarkshire, Hardie grew up in extreme poverty. While working as a journalist he organized the Lanarkshire and Ayrshire miners, becoming secretary of the Scottish Miners' Federation in 1886 and, in 1887 , chairman of the Scottish Labour Party. In 1892 he was elected as an independent Labour MP for South West Ham; the following year he established the Independent Labour Party. Hardie was a thoroughly class‐conscious socialist, outraging Westminster opinion by wearing a cloth‐cap and tweed...

Hardie, James Keir

Hardie, James Keir (15 Aug. 1856)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
357 words

..., James Keir (b. Legbrannoch, near Holytown, Lanarkshire , 15 Aug. 1856 ; d. Glasgow , 2 Sept. 1915 ) British ; first Independent Labour MP 1892 , first chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party 1906 The son of a farm servant, educated at elementary school and evening classes, Hardie started work at the age of 7 as a messenger boy, later becoming a coal miner. Precluded from further work in the coal mines in 1878 because of his attempts to organize miners, he help to found the Scottish Miners' Federation, of which he became the first...

Hardie, Keir

Hardie, Keir   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
Keir Hardie

Keir Hardie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1856–1915)Scottish Labour politician. He worked as a miner before entering Parliament in 1892, becoming the first leader of the Independent Labour Party the next year. In 1906 he became a co-founder ...
Pacifism in World War I

Pacifism in World War I  

The mythical images of August 1914 leave little room for pacifists: a major peace leader Jean Jaures had been killed; German socialists had voted for war credits. Among cheering crowds ...
Socialist Internationalism and Peace Movements

Socialist Internationalism and Peace Movements  

Socialist ideas on the reform of political and economic organization in society were emerging in the same decades at the start of the nineteenth century as the first peace organizations ...
Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace

Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace  

Impe-rialism has alternately been praised for establishing peace and denounced as the inspiration of war, at least since the British military leader Celiacus exhorted an army preparing to clash with ...
Cat and Mouse Act

Cat and Mouse Act  

1913.Exasperated by the tactics of militant suffragettes in going on hunger strike, Asquith's government passed the Prisoners' Temporary Discharge for Ill‐Health Act, known commonly as the Cat and ...
John Burns

John Burns  

(1858–1943).Trade union organizer and exponent of ‘Lib‐Labism’. Burns was born in London. Despite little education he became an engineer, and involved himself in the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. ...
Independent Labour Party

Independent Labour Party  

(ILP).The party was established in 1893 at a conference in Bradford, composed of 120 delegates largely drawn from the industrial north and Scotland and chaired by Keir Hardie. Chronic lack of union ...
Labour Party

Labour Party  

Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997. The Labour Representation ...

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