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Karaites

Subject: Religion

(Heb. , ‘to read’). A Jewish sect, dating from the 8th cent. ad, which rejects rabbinical tradition and the Talmud, and bases its teaching solely on the Scriptures. It survives mainly in ...

KARAITES

KARAITES   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
858 words

...cent.), who permitted such unions. In Israel today Karaites have no de jure control over personal status, but the state informally recognizes Karaite marriages and divorces as long as both partners are Karaites and willing to accept the authority of the Karaite court. Zvi Ankori , Karaites in Byzantium (New York, 1968). Haggai Ben-Shammai , “ Between Ananites and Karaites: Observations on Early Medieval Jewish Sectarianism, ” Studies in Muslim-Jewish Relations 1 (1993): 19–29. Philip Birnbaum , ed., Karaite Studies (New York, 1971). Bruno Chiesa and ...

Karaites

Karaites   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
201 words

...Karaite heresy with that of the Sadducees . This view is not accepted by scholars in the field although certain Sadducean ideas appeared to have enjoyed a subterranean existence until they emerged among the Karaites. The Karaites were treated as full, though heretical, Jews in the Middle Ages; many Rabbinic authorities permitted marriages between Rabbinites and Karaites. But eventually the breach between the two communities so widened that neither saw the other as belonging to the same religion. It has been estimated that there are around 20,000 Karaites in...

Karaites

Karaites   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
358 words

... Karaites living in Israel, most of whom are of Egyptian origin; further, 5,000 Karaites live in the USA, Egypt, Turkey, and the new Russian republics. A current scholarly question is the issue of Karaite origins and the possible relationship between medieval sectarianism and Jewish groups of the Second Temple period (including the Qumran sects). Francesca Yardenit Albertini H. Ben-Shammai , ‘ Between Ananites and Karaites: Observations on Early Medieval Jewish Sectarianism ’, Studies in Muslim–Jewish Relations (1993), vol. 1, 19–29. L. Nemoy , Karaite...

Karaites

Karaites   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
140 words

...philosophical, exegetical, legal and poetic literature, notably in Aramaean, Arabic and Hebrew . L. Nemoy , Karaite Anthology. Excerpts from the Early Literature , New Haven-London, 1952. E. Trevisan-Semi , Les Caraïtes. Un autre judaïsme , Paris, 1992. N. Schur , The Karaite Encyclopedia , Frankfurt am Main, 1995. J. Olszowy-Schlanger , Karaite Marriage Documents from the Cairo Geniza , Leiden, 1998. Jean-Christophe...

Karaites

Karaites   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
216 words

...as Judah b. Elijah Hadassi (who summarized Karaite theology in his Eshkol ha-Kofer ), Aaron b. Joseph ha-Rofe (who was an eminent biblical exegete and wrote Sefer-Mivhar , the classic Karaite commentary), and the codifier, Aaron b. Elijah the Younger, whose Gan Eden earned him the title of ‘the Karaite Maimonides ’. They were perceived as Jews by their gentile rulers, and were in general subject to the same edicts. During the Second World War, the German government pronounced that the Karaites were not Jews and they were thus spared the horrors...

Karaites

Karaites   Reference library

Steven B. Bowman

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
259 words

... (“Scripturalists”), Jewish sect that emerged in Babylonia from the followers of Anan ben David , an alleged 8th-C. descendant of King David . In principle they rejected the Talmud of normative Jewry, resurrected prerabbinic customs and absorbed Islamic influence. Therefore Byz. Jews denigrated them as foreigners and condemned their differing rules for calculating holidays, for marriage and divorce, and for the ritual slaughter of animals. Karaites rejected until after 1453 the use of candles to light the Sabbath eve. Individual Karaites who...

Karaites

Karaites   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...early modern period, Karaites were found in the Crimea and Poland-Lithuania, where a few Karaite scholars of distinction were influenced by contacts with Protestant academics in the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries. In the nineteenth century, eastern European Karaites distanced their group from Judaism, and, as a result of the Holocaust and Soviet policies, have virtually disappeared. In the twentieth century, the majority of Near Eastern Karaites immigrated with other Jews from Arab lands to Israel. Contemporary Israeli Karaites have focused some...

Karaites

Karaites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb. , ‘to read’). A Jewish sect, dating from the 8th cent. ad, which rejects rabbinical tradition and the Talmud, and bases its teaching solely on the Scriptures. It survives mainly in Russia and ...
Karaite

Karaite   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
26 words

... member of a Jewish sect which bases its tenets on literal interpretation of the scriptures. XVIII. f. Heb. k e rā'îm scripturalists, f. Kārâ read; see -ITE...

Karaite

Karaite noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words
Karaite

Karaite noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
Karaite

Karaite noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
Karaite

Karaite noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
The Hebrew Bible

The Hebrew Bible   Reference library

Geoffrey Khan

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
15,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
13

...consonantal text but also from the accents. So the reading tradition, which includes both vocalization and accents, comprises two separate layers. An Arabic transcription of Exodus 1: 22 to 2: 5 from the Hebrew Bible, written in the 11 th century by a Karaite scribe. The Karaites were a group within Judaism. By permission of the British Library. The separateness of the reading tradition from the tradition of the consonantal text is reflected in the fact that in the Talmudic period different exegesis was applied to each layer...

The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...world and in forcing orthodox Rabbanite scholars to take an interest in Hebrew grammar. Karaism, supposedly founded by Anan ben David in the eighth century, rejected the authority of the Talmud and advocated a return to the Bible as the sole arbiter of faith and practice. The Karaites seem to have been particularly open to the Islamic science of their day and used it effectively to attack what they saw as the naïveté and illogicality of rabbinic literature. Karaism made significant inroads into rabbinic Judaism in the ninth and tenth centuries and forced a...

8 The Transmission of Jewish Knowledge through MSS and Printed Books

8 The Transmission of Jewish Knowledge through MSS and Printed Books   Reference library

Emile G. L. Schrijver

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,005 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the centuries that followed. The most prominent early bible codices are the *Moses ben Asher Codex, the Leningrad Codex, and the *Aleppo Codex . The Moses ben Asher codex contains the earliest date mentioned in a *colophon of a Hebrew MS, 895 ce . Now housed in the Karaite Synagogue of Cairo, it was copied in Tiberias and contains the text of the Prophets. A detailed codicological analysis of the MS published by Glatzer in 1988 , however, has proved quite convincingly that the codex, with its colophon, was copied at least a century later from an...

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire   Reference library

Barbara Geller

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
14,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...mastery of Torah, the rabbi came to embody Torah. His activities on earth echoed the activities in heaven, where not only Moses but also God studied Torah. With the exception of the religious systems of such groups as the Jews of Ethiopia and the Samaritans and Karaites (the latter two having been treated at times as part of, and at other times as separate from, the Jewish community), all the varieties of modern Judaism are forms of rabbinic Judaism. But during the formative centuries of rabbinic Judaism, it is unclear how much authority the...

Yitshaq Ben Avraham Troki

Yitshaq Ben Avraham Troki  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1533–1594), Karaite scholar. Born in Troki, the oldest and most important Karaite community in Lithuania, and a physician by profession, he was the most prominent of the Karaite scholars of ...
Rabbanites

Rabbanites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Name used to designate the opponents of the Karaites in the Jewish religion. From c.10th cent., the Rabbanites were those Jews who accepted the oral law in contrast to the Karaites who rejected ...
Yeshuʿa Ben Yehuda

Yeshuʿa Ben Yehuda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(11th cent.), Karaite scholar and exegete; known in Arabic as Abu al-Faraj Furqan ibn Asad. He lived in Jerusalem and was the last renowned and influential scholar of the Karaite ...

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