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Kandahar

City and provincial capital in s Afghanistan, c.480km (300mi) sw of Kabul. Because of its location on important trade routes, it was occupied by many foreign conquerors before becoming the ...

Kandahār

Kandahār (Afghanistan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Kandahār , Afghanistan ( Alexandria in Arachosia/Alexandria Arachoton, Nādirābād ) Also spelt Qandahār. A province and a city originally named in 329 bc after Alexander III the Great , Arachosia being a part of Balochistan lying west of the Quetta Hills and a region of south-east Afghanistan in Hellenistic times. It was renamed Nādirābād after it fell to Nādir Shah ( 1688–1747 ), Shahanshah ‘King of Kings’ of Persia ( 1736–47 ) in 1738 . The present name was coined by emigrants from Gandhāra, a historical region and ancient Indian kingdom in what is now...

Kandahar

Kandahar   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

... ( Qandahar ) City and provincial capital in s Afghanistan, c .480km (300mi) sw of Kabul. Because of its location on important trade routes, it was occupied by many foreign conquerors before becoming the capital of the independent Afghani kingdom ( 1747–73 ). It was the scene of fighting after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and became the headquarters of the Taliban in the 1990s. It is a commercial centre for the surrounding region. Pop. ( 2002 est.)...

Kandahar

Kandahar   Quick reference

Howard Sargeant

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
83 words

...Kandahar A city in Afghanistan. Lying in the south, 500 km south-west of Kabul, it is the second-largest city in the country and is capital of Kandahar province. A major trading centre for centuries, it remains a commercially important city, especially for trade in cotton, silk, and fruit. The scene of fierce fighting during the Soviet period, it was used as base by the Taliban in the 1990s. Notable buildings include the mausoleum of Baba Wali Kandahari. Population ( 2012 estimate) 491,500. Howard...

Kabul to Kandahar march

Kabul to Kandahar march   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...to Kandahar march Between 9 and 31 August 1880 Lt Gen Sir Frederick Roberts marched a distance of 300 miles (483 km) with 10,000 men, 7,800 camp followers , and 18 guns from Kabul to the relief of the British garrison at Kandahar which was besieged by a claimant to the Afghan throne, Ayub Khan , the governor of Herat. Ayub raised the siege before Roberts's arrival and retired with 5,000 troops, 8,000 irregulars, and 32 guns a short distance west of the city near the Arghandab river where Roberts, his artillery reinforced from Kandahar, attacked and...

Kandahar

Kandahar   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
175 words

... • aargh , Accra, afar, ah, aha, aide-mémoire, ajar, Alcazar, are, Armagh, armoire, Artois, au revoir, baa, bah, bar, barre, bazaar, beaux-arts, Bekaa, bête noire, Bihar, bizarre, blah, Bogotá, Bonnard, bra, cafard, café noir, Calabar, car, Carr, Castlebar, catarrh, Changsha, char, charr, cigar, comme ci comme ça, commissar, coup d'état, de haut en bas, devoir, Dhofar, Directoire, Du Bois, Dumas, Dunbar, éclat, embarras de choix, escritoire, fah, famille noire, far, feu de joie, film noir, foie gras, Fra, galah, gar, guar, guitar, ha, hah, ha-ha,...

Kandahar

Kandahar   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
Kandahar

Kandahar   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
Kandahar

Kandahar   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
Kandahar

Kandahar   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
Kandahar

Kandahar   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
Roberts, FM Frederick Sleigh, Ist Earl, of Kandahar, Pretoria, and Waterford

Roberts, FM Frederick Sleigh, Ist Earl, of Kandahar, Pretoria, and Waterford (1832–1914)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...FM Frederick Sleigh, Ist Earl, of Kandahar, Pretoria, and Waterford ( 1832–1914 ). Perhaps the ablest British field commander since Wellington , Roberts was born at Kanpur, the son of an East India Company officer, Abraham Roberts , who rose to be a full general. Frederick Roberts joined the Bengal artillery in 1851 . On the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny he was posted as a staff officer to the Punjab Movable Column and took part in the siege and capture of Delhi , subsequently winning the VC. He served in the Indian army's QMG department from...

Kandahar

Kandahar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
City and provincial capital in s Afghanistan, c.480km (300mi) sw of Kabul. Because of its location on important trade routes, it was occupied by many foreign conquerors before becoming the ...
Kabul to Kandahar march

Kabul to Kandahar march  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Between 9 and 31 August 1880 Lt Gen Sir Frederick Roberts marched a distance of 300 miles (483 km) with 10,000 men, 7,800 camp followers, and 18 guns from Kabul ...
Dost Muhammad

Dost Muhammad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c. 1798–1863)Amir of Afghanistan. He was ruler of Kabul and Afghanistan (1826–39; 1843–63). Defeated in the first Anglo-Afghan War, he regained power in 1843 and consolidated his rule in Afghanistan ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arachosians’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Founded by Alexander (3) the Great in 329 bc on the strategic site of the Achaemenid capital of Arachosia (Old Kandahar). Besides a Graeco-Aramaic edict of Ashoka (Supplementum epigraphicum 20. ...
Alexandria ‘of the Arians’

Alexandria ‘of the Arians’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Founded by Alexander (3) the Great near Herat, on a different site from Artakoana. Important staging-point on route leading to Kandahar and India.A. B. Bosworth, Historical Commentary on Arrian's ...
Frederick Sleigh Roberts

Frederick Sleigh Roberts  

(1832–1914).Field marshal. Roberts first demonstrated his talents as an army officer during the Indian mutiny (1857–8). During the second Afghan war (1878–80) he defeated Ayub Khan's army at the ...
Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai  

(b. 24 Dec 1957).President of Afghanistan, 2004– Born in Kandahar, he studied political science in India before returning to Afghanistan in 1983, where he engaged in the struggle against Soviet ...
Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(2001)On 7 October 2001 the United States of America commenced air strikes against targets in Afghanistan associated with the ruling Taliban movement, and Osama Bin Laden's al‐Qaeda terrorist network ...
Alexandria (4) ‘of the Arians’

Alexandria (4) ‘of the Arians’   Reference library

Pierre Briant

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
37 words

...(4) ‘of the Arians’ , founded by Alexander (3) the Great near Herat, on a different site from Artakoana. Important staging-point on route leading to Kandahar and India. Bosworth , HCA 1 (1980), 356–7. Pierre...

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