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Johnson's Dictionary

By Samuel Johnson, published 1755. In 1746 Johnson contracted with Robert Dodsley and other booksellers to write an English dictionary, for a fee of £1,575. A ‘Plan’ and dedication to ... ...

‘Johnson's Dictionary’

‘Johnson's Dictionary’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
127 words

...Johnson's Dictionary’ ( A Dictionary of the English Language ) By Samuel Johnson , published 1755 . In 1746 Johnson contracted with Robert Dodsley and other booksellers to write an English dictionary, for a fee of £1,575. A ‘Plan’ and dedication to the earl of Chesterfield appeared in 1747 . Johnson's object was to produce ‘a dictionary by which the pronunciation of our language may be fixed, and its attainment facilitated; by which its purity may be preserved, its use ascertained, and its duration lengthened’. Working with six assistants, Johnson wrote...

‘Johnson's Dictionary’

‘Johnson's Dictionary’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
160 words

...Johnson's Dictionary’ ( A Dictionary of the English Language ) By Samuel Johnson , published 1755 . In 1746 Johnson contracted with Robert Dodsley and other booksellers to write an English dictionary, for a fee of £1,575. A ‘Plan’ and dedication to Chesterfield appeared in 1747 . Johnson's object was to produce ‘a dictionary by which the pronunciation of our language may be fixed, and its attainment facilitated; by which its purity may be preserved, its use ascertained, and its duration lengthened’. Working with six assistants in newly rented...

Johnson's Dictionary

Johnson's Dictionary  

Reference type:
Overview Page
By Samuel Johnson, published 1755. In 1746 Johnson contracted with Robert Dodsley and other booksellers to write an English dictionary, for a fee of £1,575. A ‘Plan’ and dedication to ...
Language

Language   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the century by Samuel *Johnson 's Dictionary of the English Language ( 1755 ). Johnson's use of literary illustrations implied that a native English tradition should determine correct usage. In practice these authorities were mainly drawn from the literature of the previous century, a third of them from the works of * Shakespeare , * Milton , and Dryden alone, which Johnson regarded as ‘the wells of English undefiled’. Where the French academies attempted to regulate language by means of rational principles, Johnson conformed to ‘the spirit of...

Sesquipedality

Sesquipedality   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
2,158 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...• Robert H. Hill , A Dictionary of Difficult Words (1st Am. ed. 1971 ). • Russell Rocke , The Grandiloquent Dictionary ( 1972 ). • I. Moyer Hunsberger , The Quintessential Dictionary ( 1978 ). • J.N. Hook , The Grand Panjandrum: And 1,999 Other Rare, Useful, and Delightful Words and Expressions ( 1980 ). • George S. Saussy , The Oxter English Dictionary: Uncommon Words Used by Uncommonly Good Writers ( 1984 ). • Paul Hellweg , The Insomniac's Dictionary: The Last Word on the Odd Word ( 1986 ). • Dictionary of Uncommon Words (...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in his curiosity about human wants and his eye for the grotesque. Also in 1785 , the year after the death of Johnson, whose great Dictionary ( 1755 ) enshrined the resources of the written language and of educated speech, Grose issued his account of informal English, the Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue . The first edition contained 3,000 words, the third ( 1796 ) 4,000. Like its French model, Le Roux 's Satirical and Burlesque Dictionary ( 1718 ), the book contains offensive words and insults directed at unpopular groups, such as the higher...

Prepositions

Prepositions   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
2,035 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., Plain Words: Their ABC 13 ( 1954 ). • “In the structure of the ‘coherent sentence,’ such particles are necessary, and, strip the sentence as bare as you will, they cannot be entirely dispensed with .” G.H. Vallins , The Best English 30 ( 1960 ). • “Poetry, as Dr. Johnson said, is untranslatable and hence, if it is good, preserves the language it is written in .” Anthony Burgess , A Mouthful of Air 156 ( 1992 ). • “It was the boys in the back room, after all, whom Marlene Dietrich felt comfortable drinking with .” Russell Baker , “Sexwise...

Prose

Prose   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,185 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... * Johnson 's Rambler ( 1759 ). The intellectual society of the *coffeehouse patrons who read Addison and other journalists in the first half of the eighteenth century formed a discussion-centred ‘public sphere’, in Jürgen Habermas's phrase. More explicit ideological conflicts appeared in the rough, vigorous ‘pamphlet wars’ of the early eighteenth century, as Jonathan Swift and other combatants deployed prose weapons to stake out variously traditionalist or modernizing intellectual and political territories. By the 1750s, Samuel Johnson 's Dictionary ...

Surnames

Surnames   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,649 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...research is necessary before the history of surnames in Ulster is understood, particularly at the local level. It is already clear that many border Scots, persecuted by James I, who wished to reduce their power, settled in Fermanagh; they are the major source of the Ulster names Johnson, Armstrong, Elliott, Irvine, Nixon, Crozier, etc. The Huguenot names which have attracted attention were distinctive but uncommon. Another difficulty faced by the student of Irish surnames is the widespread practice of translating or altering names into an English form. Many of...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...site. Housing of any status was often designed by professional architects, and biographical dictionaries provide the basic information on their lives and works. John Harvey , English Mediaeval Architects (rev. edn, 1984 ; suppl., 1987 ), covers the period to 1550 , and Sir Howard Colvin deals with the period from 1600 to 1840 in his Biographical Dictionary of British Architects (new edn, 2008 ). For Ireland there is Rolf Loeber, A Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Ireland, 1600–1720 ( 1981 ), and the architects of the Victorian period are...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...product of ideological developments which date from the eighteenth century, which have naturalized the social construct of the nuclear family, and which have regulated the understanding of the word ‘family’ to refer to biologically related individuals. In his 1755 Dictionary , Samuel *Johnson offered two definitions of the family: ‘1. Those who live in the same house; household. 2. Those that descend from one common progenitor; a race; a tribe; a generation.’ Each definition suggests a quite different, and to some extent class-specific, understanding of...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ( 1723–1808 ) from the Church of England. Rational Dissent was sustained by excellent educational institutions, most notably the second Warrington Academy ( 1757–83 ). It was also well served by printers and publishers drawn from their ranks or sympathetic to them. Joseph *Johnson began his career as a publisher at Warrington, serving unofficially as the press for the Academy. Circles of printers formed important talking-shops for enlightened ideas, as did the numerous clubs and societies. Of the latter, the Club of Honest Whigs in London, the Lunar...

44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,048 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...to work the press until 1796 (the first professional printer, George *Howe , arrived in 1800 ), print culture was integral to the colony from the start. The first book produced specifically for distribution in Australia was a homily directed at transported convicts, Richard Johnson ’s Address to the Inhabitants of the Colonies Established in New South Wales and Norfolk Island (London, 1794 ). An official account of The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay was published at London in 1789 , and several officers also produced accounts of their...

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,011 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...known as ‘printing *congers ’. The title-page of Samuel *Johnson’s * Dictionary ( 1755 ) indicates that it was printed for ‘ J. and P. *Knapton ; T. and T. *Longman ; C. Hitch and L. Hawes ; A. *Millar ; and R. and J. *Dodsley .’ Such ad hoc conglomerations were essentially joint-stock companies; each member bought shares in a book and divided the profits according to his initial investment. Such joint ventures spread the financial risk of publishing; for a large work such as the Dictionary in two substantial *folio volumes, a considerable amount...

Macbeth

Macbeth   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,275 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...displaced Shakespeare’s text from the stage between the 1660s and the 1740s suggests that Restoration playgoers found this very density objectionable, Macbeth was by the mid-18th century one of the most highly regarded of the tragedies. Dr Johnson , who cites it more often than any other play in his Dictionary , found it more satisfactorily moral than most of Shakespeare’s work. Romantic critics were less interested in the play’s morality than in its intense theatrical and psychological effects; Macbeth , for example, inspired one of Thomas De...

brāhmaṇī

brāhmaṇī  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The wife of a brahmin.
gopa

gopa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A male cowherd.
crore

crore  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ten million.
Daśa

Daśa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A common prefix denoting a group of ten (deities, etc.).
darbār

darbār  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A royal court or assembly.

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