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John Stuart Mill

Subject: Philosophy

(1806–73) English philosopher and economist, and the most influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. As the son of James Mill, John Stuart was given an intensive private ...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
36 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) Scottish philosopher who advocated utilitarianism . His book On Liberty ( 1859 ) made him famous as a defender of human rights. System of Logic ( 1843 ) attempted to provide an account of inductive...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

Nick Spencer

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
169 words

...James Mill, Bentham, and by Comte , Mill was, highly unusual in his time, brought up without belief in God, a subject he addressed in late essays, esp. ‘Utility of Religion’ and ‘Theism’. Nick Spencer See The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill , ed. J. M. Robson (33 vols, Toronto and London, 1963–91). A. Ryan , The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill (New York, 1988). R. Reeves , John Stuart Mill: Victorian Firebrand (London, 2007). J. Harris in ODNB (2012): < https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/18711...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
98 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ). Utilitarian and liberal philosopher. The son of James Mill , a disciple of Jeremy Bentham , Mill was converted to Benthamite utilitarianism at the age of 15, but later rejected its egoistic psychology and mechanical concept of pleasure. He was employed for 35 years by the East India Company, afterwards serving as an independent member of Parliament for Westminster ( 1865–8 ), arguing for radical measures such as votes for women. In On Liberty ( 1859 ) Mill wrote the most celebrated defence of individual freedom to appear in the...

Mill, John stuart

Mill, John stuart   Reference library

Joyce Burnette

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
684 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mill, John stuart ( 1806–1873 ), English philosopher and economist. John Stuart Mill was not only one of the most important economists of the nineteenth century, but also a philosopher, politician, utilitarian, philosophical radical, advocate of liberalism, and supporter of women's rights. Born in 1806 to James Mill (1773–1836) and his wife Harriet , John Mill was a child prodigy. He began to learn Greek at age three, read Plato at seven, and began Latin at eight. Except for a year spent in France, he was educated at home by his father. He spent...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
211 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) , philosopher, author of On Liberty ( 1859 ), Utilitarianism ( 1861 ), The Subjection of Women ( 1869 ), co-written with Harriet Taylor, and Autobiography ( 1873 ). Mill expressed a wish to meet Trollope , who was delighted: ‘Stuart Mill is the only man in the whole world for the sake of seeing whom I would leave my own home on a Sunday,’ he told a friend, but the meeting was scarcely a success. As usual in such encounters, Trollope came on strong. The contrast, ‘was too violent between the modesty and courtesy of the...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

Tim S. Gray

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
214 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) . Utilitarian and liberal philosopher. The son of James Mill , a disciple of Jeremy Bentham , Mill was converted to Benthamite utilitarianism at the age of 15, but later rejected its egoistic psychology and mechanical concept of pleasure. He was employed for 35 years by the East India Company, afterwards serving as an independent member of Parliament for Westminster ( 1865–8 ), arguing for radical measures such as votes for women. In Principles of Political Economy ( 1848 ), Mill adopted a modified laissez-faire position,...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
514 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) English philosopher and economist , and the most influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. As the son of James Mill , John Stuart was given an intensive private education, in which he began Greek at the age of three, and Latin (and six of the Dialogues of Plato) at the age of eight (Mill himself remarks that the Theaetetus might have been a little much for him). As a teenager he was immersed in his father’s philosophical and political interests until a nervous breakdown at the age of twenty led to a revaluation,...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
975 words

...in which he conveys his feeling about his wife would neutralize all the good that might have come from the beautiful fact of his devotion to her’. MH Mill, John Stuart , The Collected Edition , ed. J. M. Robson , 33 vols. (1963–91). —— and Bentham, Jeremy , Utilitarianism and Other Essays , ed. Alan Ryan (1987). Hardman, Malcolm , Six Victorian Thinkers (1991). Kamm, Josephine , John Stuart Mill in Love ...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
373 words

...‘in favour of an acceptance of the complexity of ideas of human well-being’. A Mill-inspired approach to understanding sport is thus a reminder to sport policy bodies and the more messianic end of sport organizations that there is no single, indisputable model of the benefits and positive outcomes of sport. Mill knew little of the pleasures or benefits of sport, as he noted in Autobiography of John Stuart Mill ( 1853/6 , final version published 1873 ). His education—learning Greek at the age of 3, Latin at 7, logic five years later and political economy the...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
300 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ), philosopher and economist . Hardy claimed to have known Mill's On Liberty ‘almost by heart’ in the 1860s ( LW 355), and he listed ‘Of Individuality’ as one of his ‘cures for despair’ in 1868 ( LW 59). Perhaps because Hardy was so familiar with Mill's ideas, he felt no need to copy much from him into his Literary Notebooks , where there are only two brief entries from Mill ( LN i 172, ii 40) and one from a review of Leslie Stephen 's biography of him ( LN ii 357–8). Mill, however, inspired Hardy in several ways,...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Quick reference

John Halliday

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
802 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) Born in Pentonville, London, the first of six children by James Mill and Harriet Burrows , educated at home by his father in a gloomy and humourless environment, with occasional extramural assistance from Bentham and Francis Place , John Stuart began Greek at the age of 3, Latin at the age of 8—reading six of Plato’s Dialogues before the age of 10—and chemistry and logic before the age of 12. He also acquired European languages, apparently quite easily, notably French and German. His domestic education was designed, above...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart   Reference library

Richard L. Gregory

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
247 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ). British philosopher and political economist , born in London, the son of James Mill . He was brought up by his father to be a genius— which indeed he became—being taught Greek at the age of 3, Latin and arithmetic at 8, logic at 12, and political economy at 13. His only recreation was a daily walk with his father, and during this he was given oral examinations. Perhaps not surprisingly he suffered a severe mental crisis, but he recovered to become one of the outstanding intellects of his generation. In his System of Logic (...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
170 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) Philosopher and political economist , son of James Mill ( 1773–1836 ), philosopher. He formed the Utilitarian Society and in 1825 edited Jeremy Bentham 's Treatise upon Evidence . In 1831 he met Harriet Taylor ( 1807–58 ), who was, in his view, the chief inspiration of his philosophy; they married in 1851 , after her husband's death. His divergence from strict Benthamite doctrine is shown in his essays on ‘Bentham’ and ‘Coleridge’ ( 1838 , 1840 , London and Westminster Review ) whom he describes as ‘the two great...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–1873)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
516 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–1873 ) A British philosopher, social scientist, reformer, and humanist who elaborated the social and economic dimensions of utilitarianism . Son of the economist James Mill , John was educated from childhood to be the successor and intellectual inheritor of Jeremy Bentham , the utilitarian philosopher and Mill's godfather. Mill achieved this goal in many respects, although he developed a more supple brand of utilitarianism that integrated historical and cultural factors into the question of how individuals calculated their...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,163 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Wendy . The Liberal Self: John Stuart Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy . Ithaca, NY, 1991. A discussion of Mill's utilitarianism and liberalism, with special emphasis on the doctrine of self-development. Packe, Michael St. John . The Life of John Stuart Mill . London, 1954. A useful biography. Ryan, Alan . J. S. Mill . London, 1974. An excellent introduction to Mill's philosophy, organized by extensive discussion of the major works. Ryan, Alan . The Philosophy of John Mill . London, 1970. Argues for a general unity to Mill's thought, particularly with...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,785 words

...David , Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory (New York, 1994). Packe, Michael St. John, The Life of John Stuart Mill (New York, 1954). Robson, John M. , The Improvement of Mankind (Toronto, 1968). Ryan, Alan , The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill , 2nd edn (Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, 1990). Scarre, Geoffrey , Logic and Reality in the Philosophy of John Stuart Mill (1989). Skorupski, John , John Stuart Mill (1989). —— (ed), The Cambridge Companion to Mill (Cambridge, 1998). Thompson, Dennis F. , John Stuart Mill and Representative Government ...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
346 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) Philosopher and political economist , son of James Mill , by whom he was rigorously educated from a very early age, and by whose influence he obtained a clerkship in the India House. He formed the Utilitarian Society, which met during 1823–6 to read essays and discuss them, and in 1825 edited Jeremy Bentham 's Treatise upon Evidence . In 1826 an acute mental crisis caused him to reconsider his own aims and those of the Benthamite school; he found a new will to live in poetry, particularly in that of Wordsworth , who...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
435 words

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ) An English philosopher , proponent of liberalism and utilitarianism , and social reformer. Mill publicized the works of Auguste Comte in Britain, critically developed the utilitarian works of his own father James Mill ( 1773–1836 ) and his godfather Jeremy Bentham , and attempted to provide ‘a general science of man in society’ in his A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Deductive (1843). Mill's relevance to many contemporary sociologists lies in his logical classification of the methods properly to be applied in the...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
4,129 words

...of John Stuart Mill , ed. J.M. Robson , 32 vols (Toronto, 1963–81). Further Reading Blaug, M. , Economic Theory in Retrospect , 4th edn (Cambridge, 1985). Ekelund, R.B., Jr , ‘ A Short-Run Classical Model of Capital and Wages: Mill ’, Oxford Economic Papers (1976), vol. 28, pp. 66–85. Ekelund, R.B., Jr , and Hébert, R.F. , A History of Economic Theory and Method , 3rd edn (New York, 1990). Hollander, S. , The Economics of John Stuart Mill , 2 vols (Toronto, 1985). Kurer, O. , ‘ Mill ’, History of Political Economy (1998), vol. 30, pp. 515–36. Mill er,...

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart (1806–73)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., John Stuart ( 1806–73 ), social philosopher , political and economic theorist . A writer of astonishing range and versatility, Mill both popularized and influenced social thought and political action in fields as diverse as utilitarian philosophy, *political economy [33] , feminism, *democracy [3] , and *socialism . Son of James *Mill , he was shaped by a singular education which began with the study of Greek at the age of 3, followed by Latin, algebra, the differential calculus, and syllogistic logic before the age of 12. At 13 he began a study of...

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