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John Pym

(1584–1643) English politician. He entered Parliament in 1614, and by the 1620s was making his mark, especially as a manager of the impeachment of Buckingham (1626), and as a ...

Pym, John

Pym, John   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
174 words

..., John ( 1584–1643 ). Parliamentarian. One of the few members of the Commons who realized that poverty was driving Charles I into arbitrary rule, Pym consistently argued the case for restoring the crown's finances. But his attitude towards the king hardened with the conviction that Charles, by patronizing the Arminians , was opening the door to catholicism. When the Long Parliament met in November , Pym was the driving force behind the impeachment of Charles's chief minister Strafford . The revolt of the Irish catholics in 1641 confirmed Pym in his...

Pym, John

Pym, John (1584–1643)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
68 words

..., John ( 1584–1643 ) English leader of the parliamentary opposition to King Charles I . In the Long Parliament ( 1640 ) he initiated proceedings against Charles' advisers, Strafford and Laud , and helped draft the Grand Remonstrance ( 1641 ). Pym was one of five members whom Charles tried to arrest in the House of Commons ( 1642 ), and he helped to arrange the alliance with the Scots in the English Civil War...

Pym, John

Pym, John (1584–1643)   Reference library

Roger Lockyer

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
268 words

..., John ( 1584–1643 ) . Parliamentarian. One of the few members of the Commons who realized that poverty was driving Charles I into arbitrary rule, Pym consistently, but vainly, argued the case for restoring the crown’s finances. But his attitude towards the king hardened with the conviction that Charles, by patronizing the arminians , was opening the door to catholicism, and in 1628 he led the impeachment of a royal chaplain who had publicly affirmed the king’s right to impose non-parliamentary taxation. Pym was by then a political client of the earl...

Pym, John

Pym, John (1584–1643)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
152 words

..., John ( 1584–1643 ) English politician . He entered Parliament in 1614 , and by the 1620s was making his mark, especially as a manager of the impeachment of Buckingham ( 1626 ), and as a supporter of the Petition of Right ( 1628 ). In the Long Parliament his debating and tactical skills brought him great influence and earned him the nickname “King Pym”. He was the main architect of the reforming legislation of 1641 , including the Acts of Attainder against Strafford and Laud , and was responsible for having the Grand Remonstrance printed...

John Pym

John Pym (1584–1643)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
59 words

...0John John Pym 1584 – 1643 English politician and Parliamentary leader To have granted liberties, and not to have liberties in truth and realities, is but to mock the kingdom. pointing out the illusory nature of charles i 's promises in Dictionary of National Biography (1917–) not to have liberties but to mock the kingdom but to mock the ...

John Pym

John Pym (1584–1643)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
73 words

...0John John Pym 1584 – 1643 English Parliamentary leader To have granted liberties, and not to have liberties in truth and realities, is but to mock the kingdom. after the battle of Edgehill, 1642, in a speech at Guildhall to the citizens of London pointing out the illusory nature of charles i 's promises in Dictionary of National Biography (1917–) not to have liberties but to mock the kingdom but to mock the ...

John Pym

John Pym  

(1584–1643)English politician. He entered Parliament in 1614, and by the 1620s was making his mark, especially as a manager of the impeachment of Buckingham (1626), and as a supporter of the Petition ...
4th earl of Bedford, Francis Russell

4th earl of Bedford, Francis Russell  

(1593–1641).Bedford hoped to resolve the political crisis of early 1641, since he was acceptable to Charles I as well as the parliamentary leaders. In concert with his client John Pym, a key figure ...
five members

five members  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
1642.On 4 January 1642 Charles I, exasperated at the opposition of the House of Commons, attempted in person to arrest five of its leaders—John Pym, John Hampden, Denzil Holles, Arthur Haselrig, and ...
Grand Remonstrance

Grand Remonstrance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1641)A document drawn up by opposition members of the English Long Parliament, indicting the rule of Charles I since 1625 and containing drastic proposals for reform of church and state. Although it ...
John Hampden

John Hampden  

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History
(1594–1643)English politician, who played a leading part in the opposition to Charles I's arbitrary government. In 1627 he was imprisoned for refusing to pay the “forced loan” imposed by Charles to ...
Sir Arthur Haselrig

Sir Arthur Haselrig  

(c. 1600–61).Haselrig, a Leicestershire baronet, was a leader of the parliamentary cause throughout the civil wars. A staunch puritan, educated at Cambridge and Gray's Inn, he was a close associate ...
Long Parliament

Long Parliament  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1640–60)The English Parliament called by Charles I after the Bishops' Wars had bankrupted him. Led by the Parliamentarian John Pym, by August 1641 it had made a series of enactments depriving him of ...
Strafford

Strafford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A tragedy in blank verse by R. Browning, published 1837. It was written at the instigation of Macready, who produced it at Covent Garden on the day of publication, with himself in the title role.The ...
Sir Henry the elder Vane

Sir Henry the elder Vane  

(1589–1655) and(1613–62).Politicians of contrasted character. The father was a worldly minded courtier, bent on accumulating a great landed estate. The son was a radical puritan with mystical ...
Short Parliament

Short Parliament  

April–May 1640.The first Bishops' War ended inconclusively because Charles I was not strong enough to fight the Scots. He summoned Parliament in 1640 in the expectation that it would provide the ...
civil wars

civil wars  

1642–51.In 1629 Charles I dismissed Parliament, resolving never to call another. He might have succeeded but for the problem of the multiple kingdoms. During the 1630s he decided to bring Scottish ...
Lord Strafford Thomas Wentworth

Lord Strafford Thomas Wentworth  

(1593–1641)English statesman. A Member of Parliament from 1614, he entered the service of Charles I in 1628. Although he had previously opposed royal policies, he was a believer in firm government ...
Earl of Clarendon Edward Hyde

Earl of Clarendon Edward Hyde  

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Subject:
Literature
(1609–74),entered Parliament in 1640 and at first sided with the popular party, but as a strong Anglican he was from 1641 onwards one of the chief supporters and advisers of the king. He followed ...
Parliament, British

Parliament, British  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The supreme legislature in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, comprising the sovereign, as head of state, and the two chambers, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Together, these chambers ...

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