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John Paul II

Subject: Religion

1920–2005) Polish-born pope (1978–2005) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain (1982) and tours of his native country (1979, 1987, and 1991). Wojtyla was ...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
76 words

... Paul II ( 1920–2005 ). Pope 1978–2005 . Karol Wojtyla was a professor at Lublin University and archbishop of Cracow before becoming the first non-Italian pope since 1523 . An energetic man of engaging personality, he became a well-known figure throughout the world because of his wide travels. He survived an attempt to assassinate him in Rome 1981 . Conservative on moral and doctrinal issues, he was concerned for social questions and for the defence of human...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,436 words

... Paul II . ( 1920–2005 ) The pope elected by the College of Cardinals on 16 October 1978 was an unexpected choice, Karol Wojtyla , archbishop of Krakow, Poland. The first Polish pope, he chose to be known as John Paul II. His election followed the thirty-three-day reign of John Paul, whose brief passage had highlighted not only his gift for communication and simplicity but also the need for a successor of strong intellect and robust health. Cardinal Wojtyla was known for the active part he had taken in the Vatican Council and in synods, and for his...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,404 words

... (1982) and of his best-known play, The Jeweller's Shop (1980). Official docs. are pr. in the AAS for the years of his pontificate. The many studies incl. T. Szulc , Pope John Paul II: The Biography (New York and London [1995]); J. Kwitty , Man of the Century: The Life and Times of Pope John Paul II (1997); G. Weigel , Witness to Hope: The Biography of Pope John Paul II (1999). J. Luxmoore and J. Babiuch , The Vatican and the Red Flag: The Struggle for the Soul of Eastern Europe (1999). G. Weigel in NCE (2nd edn.), 7 (2003), 992–1006, s...

John Paul II

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Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
98 words

...John Paul II 1920 – 2005 Polish cleric , Pope 1978–2005 It would be simplistic to say that Divine Providence caused the fall of communism. It fell by itself as a consequence of its own mistakes and abuses. It fell by itself because of its own inherent weaknesses. when asked by the Italian writer Vittorio Missori if the fall of the USSR could be ascribed to God Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi His Holiness: John Paul II and the Hidden History of our Time (1996) say that divine providence caused the fall of communism It fell by...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
210 words

...John Paul II and the Hidden History of our Time (1996) say that divine providence caused the fall of communism It fell by itself The tree was already rotten. I just gave it a good shake and the rotten apples fell. of the Soviet Union Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi His Holiness: John Paul II and the Hidden History of our Time (1996) tree was already rotten tree was already rotten give it a good shake Let me go to the house of the Father. last words, spoken in Polish in Independent 19 September 2005 go to the house of the Father go to the...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
209 words

...John Paul II 1920 – 2005 Polish cleric , Pope from 1978 . See also last words It would be simplistic to say that Divine Providence caused the fall of communism. It fell by itself as a consequence of its own mistakes and abuses. It fell by itself because of its own inherent weaknesses. when asked by the Italian writer Vittorio Missori if the fall of the USSR could be ascribed to God Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi His Holiness: John Paul II and the Hidden History of our Time (1996) say that divine providence caused the fall of communism...

John Paul II

John Paul II (1920–2005)   Reference library

Henri Madelin

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,482 words

... Paul II ( 1920–2005 ) . The pope elected by the College of Cardinals on 16 October 1978 was an unexpected choice: Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Kraków, Poland. The first Polish pope, he chose to be known as John Paul II. His election followed the thirty-three-day reign of John Paul I, whose brief passage had highlighted not only his gift for communication and simplicity but also the need for a successor of strong intellect and robust health. Cardinal Wojtyla was known for the active part he had taken in the Vatican Council and in synods and for his...

John Paul II, St

John Paul II, St (1920–2005)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
May 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
75 words

... Paul II, St ( 1920–2005 ) Pope ( 1978–2005 ) b. Poland as Karol Wojtyla . Ordained in 1946 , he became auxiliary bishop of Kraków ( 1958 ), archbishop ( 1964 ), and then cardinal ( 1967 ). The first non-Italian pope to be elected for more than 450 years. John Paul II travelled widely. Theologically conservative, he upheld papal infallibility and condemned contraception and the ordination of women priests. He was canonised in April 2014 by Pope Francis, alongside Pope John XXIII . ...

John Paul II, St

John Paul II, St (18 May 1920)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
360 words

...matters, John Paul II reaffirmed the Roman Catholic commitment to a male, celibate priesthood, total opposition to artificial contraception and abortion , and the affirmation of Catholic practices such as the veneration of saints (especially the Virgin Mary). He also strengthened the conservatism of the Church through the appointment of conservative cardinals, and expanded the college of cardinals. He promoted organizations such as Opus Dei, and opposed doctrinally more radical movements such as liberation theology . John Paul II was progressive on...

John Paul II, St

John Paul II, St (1920–2005)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
103 words

... Paul II, St (born Karol Wojtyla ) ( 1920–2005 ) Pope ( 1978–2005 ) . A Pole, he became the first non-Italian pope since the 16th century. He became the longest serving pope of the 20th century and travelled more widely on papal missions than any other pope. His term of office saw a slowing down of reforms advocated in the wake of the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), notably on the devolution of responsibility to the priesthood and laity. He maintained the Church’s traditional opposition to the ordination of women, to artificial birth control, and to practising...

John Paul II, St

John Paul II, St (1920–2005)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
475 words

... Paul II, St ( Karol Jozef Wojtyla ; 1920–2005 ) Polish-born pope ( 1978–2005 ) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain ( 1982 ) and tours of his native country ( 1979 , 1987 , and 1991 ). Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, the son of a junior army officer. In 1938 he moved with his father to Kraców and enrolled in the Jagiellonian University to take Polish studies and philosophy. Here he also developed a keen interest in drama and poetry. During the Nazi occupation of Poland in World War II, he...

John Paul II, St

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A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,501 words

... The Collected Plays and Writings on Theater (Berkeley, 1987) P. Hebblethwaite , The Year of Three Popes (London, 1978) P. Johnson , Pope John Paul II and the Catholic Restoration (London, 1982) J. M. McDermott (ed.), The Thought of Pope John Paul II (Rome, 1993) M. Walsh , John Paul II (London, 1994) Tad Szulc , Pope John Paul II: The Biography (New York, 1995) G. Weigel , Witness to Hope (New York, 1999) ...

John Paul II, St

John Paul II, St (1920–2005)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
379 words

... Paul II, St ( 1920–2005 ), Pope from 1978 . Karol Wojtyła , the son of a Polish soldier, was born in an industrial town near Cracow. He became titular Bp. of Ombi and auxiliary to the Administrator Apostolic of Cracow in 1958 , Abp. of Cracow in 1964 , and a cardinal in 1967 . He attended the Second Vatican Council and sat on several post-Conciliar Commissions. He was the first Slav to become Pope and the first non-Italian since 1523 . In 1979 he went to Mexico to open the Latin American Bishops' Conference at Puebla; he set the pattern for his...

Pope John Paul II

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Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
125 words

...Pope John Paul II 1920 – 2005 Polish cleric , Pope from 1978 We are an Easter people and Alleluia is our song. speech in Harlem, New York, 2 October 1979 It would be simplistic to say that Divine Providence caused the fall of communism. It fell by itself as a consequence of its own mistakes and abuses. It fell by itself because of its own inherent weaknesses. when asked if the fall of the USSR could be ascribed to God Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi His Holiness: John Paul II and the Hidden History of our Time (1996) say that divine ...

John Paul II

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words
John Paul II

John Paul II   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
84 words
John Paul II

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
John Paul II

John Paul II   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words
John Paul II

John Paul II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1920–2005)Polish-born pope (1978–2005) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain (1982) and tours of his native country (1979, 1987, and 1991).Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, the ...
Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Hunger Marchers of the 1920's and 1930's , i and ii ( 1990 , 1991 ), and the Jarrow march is revisited in an original way by Matt Perry , The Jarrow Crusade: Protest and Legend ( 2005 ). After the collapse of the Labour government in 1931 , the leadership of the party eventually passed into the capable hands of Clement Attlee, whose elevation is well treated by John Shepherd , ‘Labour and the Trade Unions: Lansbury, Ernest Bevin and the Leadership Crisis of 1935’, in Chris Wrigley and John Shepherd (eds), On the Move: Essays in Labour and...

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