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John Millington Synge

Subject: Literature

(1871–1909) Irish playwright. Born near Dublin, Synge was educated privately before going to Trinity College, Dublin, in 1888. On leaving university (1893) he intended ...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington (1871–1909)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
54 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ), playwright : b., educ., lives, and d. in Dublin ; visits Ashford (Wicklow) 1872 , 1889 , Aran Islands 1898–1902 ; buried in Dublin ( Mount Jerome cemetery ). In the Shadow of the Glen 1903 , Riders to the Sea 1904 , The Well of the Saints 1905 , The Playboy of the Western World 1907...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington (1871–1909)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
75 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ) Irish dramatist who was important in the renaissance of Irish literature . Synge was one of the organizers of the Abbey Theatre in 1904 , and his comedy The Playboy of the Western World ( 1907 ) caused a riot when first performed. Riders to the Sea ( 1904 ) is a paean to the spirit of the Aran islanders. Other works include The Well of the Saints ( 1905 ), and Deidre of the Sorrows ( 1910...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington (1871–1909)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
220 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ) Irish playwright and poet. He met W. B. Yeats in 1896 . Following a suggestion from Yeats, he went to the Aran Islands, and stayed there annually from 1898 to 1902 , perfecting his Irish and collecting material that would form the basis of much of his drama. His six mature plays fuse Gaelic syntax and idioms with the rhythms of Hiberno‐English to create a dramatic language simultaneously brutal and lyrical, realist and ironic. In the Shadow of the Glen ( 1903 ), Riders to the Sea ( 1904 ), The Well of the Saints (...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington (1871–1909)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
404 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ) Irish playwright and poet , born in Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin and educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he was taught Irish as part of his divinity degree by a native speaker, Revd James Goodman. Abandoning plans to become a professional musician, he spent some years in Paris, where he met W. B. Yeats in 1896 . Following a suggestion from Yeats, he went to the Aran Islands, and stayed there annually from 1898 to 1902 , perfecting his Irish and collecting material that would form the basis not only of his prose study...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
338 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ) Irish writer . An 1898 visit to the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland provided him with a subject and style. Having met *Yeats in Paris in 1896 , he was encouraged to participate in the Irish literary revival, and over his five visits to Aran ( 1898–1902 ) he gathered folk tales, observed customs, and heard a dialect of English heavily influenced by the Irish language, which contributed to his plays, as in his one-act *tragedy Riders to the Sea ( 1904 ). Synge's plays corresponded to the aspirations of the...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington   Reference library

Nicholas Grene

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
514 words

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ) Irish playwright, poet, essayist. Born near Dublin , from a middle-class Anglo-Irish Protestant family, he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and spent several years studying music in Germany, and languages and literature in Paris , before an 1898 visit to the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland provided him with a subject and style for drama. Having met W. B. Yeats in Paris in 1896 , he was encouraged to participate in the Irish literary revival, and Yeats was subsequently to dramatize Synge's discovery...

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,837 words

...by J. M. Synge: Being Volume Four of Plays for an Irish Theatre (1905) The Aran Islands (1907) The Playboy of the Western World (1907) Poems and Translations (1909) Deirdre of the Sorrows (1910) In Wicklow and West Kerry (1912) The Tinker's Wedding (1912) Collected Works of John Millington Synge , 4 vols. (1962–1968): vol. 1: Poems (1962); vol. 2: Prose (1966); vols. 3 and 4: Plays (1968) Further Reading Casey, Daniel J. , ed. Critical Essays on John Millington Synge . New York, 1994. A balanced and wide-ranging collection of essays on Synge's work....

Synge, John Millington

Synge, John Millington   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., John Millington ( 1871–1909 ), Irish play-wright , born in a Dublin suburb, the son of a barrister. After graduating in languages, including Celtic, from Trinity College, Dublin, he travelled in Europe and settled for some years in Paris. There, W. B. Yeats advised the aspiring writer to go to the Aran Islands, off the west coast of Ireland, in search of ‘a life that has never found expression’. Accordingly, he stayed there annually from 1898 to 1902 , describing the peasant world he discovered in the nonfiction The Aran Islands ( 1907 ) and finding...

John Millington Synge

John Millington Synge (1871–1909)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
166 words

...0John0Millington John Millington Synge 1871 – 1909 Irish dramatist ‘A man who is not afraid of the sea will soon be drownded,’ he said ‘for he will be going out on a day he shouldn't. But we do be afraid of the sea, and we do only be drownded now and again.’ The Aran Islands (1907) pt. 2 afraid of the sea drownded now and again ‘A translation is no translation,’ he said, ‘unless it will give you the music of a poem along with the words of it.’ The Aran Islands (1907) pt. 3 translation is no translation music of a poem music of a poem All art is...

John Millington Synge

John Millington Synge (1871–1909)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
129 words

...0JohnMillington John Millington Synge 1871 – 1909 Irish dramatist ‘A man who is not afraid of the sea will soon be drownded,’ he said ‘for he will be going out on a day he shouldn't. But we do be afraid of the sea, and we do only be drownded now and again.’ The Aran Islands (1907) pt. 2 afraid of the sea drownded now and again A translation is no translation unless it will give you the music of a poem along with the words of it. The Aran Islands (1907)pt. 3 Oh my grief, I've lost him surely. I've lost the only Playboy of the Western World. The...

Synge, (Edmund) John Millington

Synge, (Edmund) John Millington (1871–1909)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
472 words

..., (Edmund) John Millington ( 1871–1909 ), Irish dramatist, with Yeats a leading figure in the Irish dramatic movement. Although he died prematurely, his six completed plays establish him as the greatest of modern Irish dramatists. His control of structure, whether in comedy or tragedy, is assured; his revelation of the characters and thought-processes of a subtle and imaginative peasantry is penetrating; his language, and especially his imagery, is rich, live, and essentially poetic. An early play, When the Moon Has Set , apparently written in 1901 and...

Synge, [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington]

Synge, [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington] (16 April 1871)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
689 words

..., [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington] (b. Rathfarnham, nr Dublin , 16 April 1871 ; d. Dublin , 24 March 1909 ) Playwright and poet . Admired as the author of one of the finest stage comedies in the English language, The Playboy of the Western World ( 1907 ), which has been acknowledged as an influence by dramatists as diverse as Lorca and Beckett , Synge has yet been the victim of two quite contradictory obfuscations. In his native Ireland he has often been seen, because of his Protestant ascendancy background and ill-disguised antipathy to militant and...

Synge, J(ohn) M(illington)

Synge, J(ohn) M(illington) (1871–1909)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
294 words

..., J(ohn) M(illington) ( 1871–1909 ) Irish playwright. Born near Dublin, Synge was educated privately before going to Trinity College, Dublin, in 1888 . On leaving university ( 1893 ) he intended to make music his profession, but after studying in Germany he changed his mind and moved to Paris early in 1895 . Over the next few years he spent periods in France, Ireland, and Italy; in Paris in 1899 he met W. B. Yeats , who encouraged him to drop his critical studies of French and English literature and to find a subject of his own. Synge had already...

Synge, [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington]

Synge, [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington] (1871–1909)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
705 words

..., [Edmund] J[ohn] M[illington] ( 1871–1909 ) , playwright. Born in Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin, to a family of ecclesiastics and landowners. In childhood Synge began to study Charles Darwin , and found it increasingly difficult to accept his mother's religious outlook. Educated at TCD, where he learnt Irish, his interest in the language was rewarded with the Irish Prize ( 1892 ). He travelled to Germany, where he studied music; but, turning to literature, he settled in Paris in 1895 . He attended lectures on Celtic civilization given by Henri d'Arbois de...

Synge, J[ohn] M[illington]

Synge, J[ohn] M[illington] (1871–1909)   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., J[ohn] M[illington] ( 1871–1909 ). Dramatist and poet . He was born of evangelical Dublin parents on 16 April 1871 but rejected all religion while still a young man. Instead he pursued a kind of extreme life, as if forewarned of its relative shortness. Though often ill as a child Synge became a great walker and cyclist, acquiring an intimate knowledge of the rainy glens of Co. Wicklow. While taking a leisurely pass degree at Trinity College Dublin he learned Irish, which proved useful when, after a period of fashionable dilettantism in Paris he...

John Millington Synge

John Millington Synge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1871–1909)Irish playwright.Born near Dublin, Synge was educated privately before going to Trinity College, Dublin, in 1888. On leaving university (1893) he intended to make music his profession, but ...
Well of the Saints

Well of the Saints  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1905), a play by J. M. Synge. Set in Co. Wicklow, it tells of a blind couple whose sight is restored by a travelling ‘saint’.
In Wicklow and West Kerry

In Wicklow and West Kerry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1910), a travel-book by J. M. Synge, consisting of ‘In Wicklow’, ‘In West Kerry’, ‘In the Congested Districts’, and ‘Under Ether’.
Aran Islands

Aran Islands  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1907), a travel work in four books by J. M. Synge, written as a chapter of contemplative autobiography; it arose from W. B. Yeats's advice that Synge should live on ...
Stephen MacKenna

Stephen MacKenna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1872–1934),translator of the Enneads of Plotinus; born in Liverpool of Irish parents, he worked as a bank clerk in Dublin. He took up journalism in London and, moving to ...

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