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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1400–1468)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
111 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400–1468 ) The inventor of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz, he learned printing skills in Strasbourg, where he lived from 1434 . Returning to Mainz in 1444 , he borrowed money from Johann Fust ( c. 1400–1466 ) in 1448 , founding a press with him. Fust dissolved the partnership acrimoniously in 1455 , taking possession of the equipment and stock. Books published up to 1455 cannot be assigned certainly to Gutenberg or Fust or Fust's son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer ( c. 1425–1503 ), but the 42‐line Latin Bible (the ‘Gutenberg...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1400–68)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
44 words

..., Johann ( 1400–68 ) German goldsmith and printer , credited with the invention of printing from movable metallic type. He experimented with printing in Mainz, Germany, in the 1430s. He made the first printed Bible, known as the Gutenberg Bible or Mazarin Bible ( c .1455...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–1468)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
103 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400–1468 ) The inventor of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz, he learned printing skills in Strasbourg, where he lived from 1434 . Returning to Mainz in 1444 , he borrowed money from Johann Fust ( c. 1400–1466 ) in 1448 , founding a press with him. Fust dissolved the partnership acrimoniously in 1455 , taking possession of the equipment and stock. Books published up to 1455 cannot be assigned certainly to Gutenberg or Fust or Fust's son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer ( c. 1425–1503 ), but the 42‐line Latin Bible (the ‘Gutenberg...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1394)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
291 words

..., Johann ( c. 1394 / 9 – 1468 ), Inventor of printing, born in Mainz, the son of Friele Gensfleisch ; the name Gutenberg derives from the name of the family home, Haus zum Gutenberg. He trained as a goldsmith and in 1430 moved to Strassburg, where he worked with a goldsmith and began to experiment with printing techniques. He returned to Mainz c. 1448 and in 1450 borrowed 800 gulden from Johann Fust (who was later to invest another 800 gulden and become his business partner) in order to establish a printing workshop. He worked with Fust and...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1396–1468)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
80 words

..., Johann ( c. 1396–1468 ), goldsmith , traditionally credited with establishing printing in the W. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. His most famous work was the ‘Gutenberg Bible’, the earliest full-length book ever printed, probably in 1453-5 ; it was certainly completed by 1456 . It is also known as the ‘forty-two line’ Bible from the number of lines in each column, and was formerly also called the ‘ Mazarin Bible ’...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–1468)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
738 words

..., Johann ( c .1400–1468 ) Inventor of printing in Europe. From a patrician family in Mainz, Gutenberg possibly studied at the University of Erfurt. In the 1430s and 1440s , he lived in exile due to a conflict between the patricians and the guilds. Between 1434 and 1444 he was in Strassburg, where he engaged in the mass manufacture of metal mirrors and experimented in a secret art, probably related to printing. After returning to Mainz by 1448 , Gutenberg borrowed money from *Fust to set up a press. In 1454 , a legal dispute arose between...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1396–1468)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
274 words

...prob. printed by Gutenberg , possibly in co-operation with others. It is also possible that he was involved with the production of Joannes Balbus de Janua's Catholicon ( 1460 ). From 1465 he was pensioned by the Abp. of Mainz. Schoeffer continued to print until 1502 . D. C. McMurtrie (ed.), The Gutenberg Documents, with Translations of the Texts into English (New York, 1941). J. Ing , Johann Gutenberg and his Bible ( ibid. , 1988); M. Davies , The Gutenberg Bible [1996]. P. Needham , ‘ The Paper Supply of the Gutenberg Bible ’, Papers...

Gutenberg, Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch)

Gutenberg, Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch) (c.1400–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
246 words

..., Johannes (Johann Gensfleisch) ( c .1400–68 ) *Goldsmith , technician , and entrepreneur active in *Mainz and *Strasbourg . His name derives from the family house, the Gutenberg . He is credited with inventing movable-type *printing by combining *metal casting, the arrangement of individual cast units, and the mechanical press. There are few written sources about Gutenberg and no contemporary *portrait of him. It is believed that he was born in Mainz; he eventually entered the service of the important prince-archbishop *elector of...

Gutenberg [Gensfleisch zur Laden], Johann

Gutenberg [Gensfleisch zur Laden], Johann (c.1394–99)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
484 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Gutenberg seems to have abandoned printing altogether, possibly because of failing eyesight. NDB A. Ruppel : Johannes Gutenberg: Sein Leben und sein Werk (Berlin, 1939/ R Nieuwkoop, 1967) V. Scholderer : Johann Gutenberg: The Inventor of Printing (London, 1963) Johannes Gutenbergs 42-zeilige Bibel , 2 vols (Munich, 1979) [facs] A. Kapr : Johann Gutenberg: The Man and His Invention (Aldershot and Brookfield, 1996) Gutenberg, man of the millennium: from a secret enterprise to the first media revolution (exh. cat. by W. Dobras ; Mainz, Gutenberg...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–c.68)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Johann ( c. 1400– c. 68 ) German printer...

Johann Gutenberg

Johann Gutenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and other works.
24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,033 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...Book, 1450–1750 (1995) M. Giesecke , Der Buchdruck in der frühen Neuzeit (1991) [ Gutenberg-Gesellschaft and Gutenberg-Museum ,] Blockbücher des Mittelalters (1991) J. Ing , Johann Gutenberg and his Bible (1987) G. Jäger , Geschichte des deutschen Buchhandels im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert , pts. 1 and 2, Das Kaiserreich 1871–1918 (2001–3) F. Kapp and J. Goldfriedrich , Geschichte des deutschen Buchhandels (4 vols, 1886–1913; repr. 1970) A. Kapr , Johann Gutenberg , tr. D. Martin (1996) H.-J. Künast , ‘Getruckt zu Augspurg’: Buchdruck und...

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland

25 The History of the Book in Switzerland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,936 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...(and university library) in 1460 testified to the city’s intellectual life. Berthold Ruppel , who had worked with *Gutenberg in Mainz, introduced the printing trade to Basle in the 1460s ; it rose to considerable significance by the 1480s , with more than 70 printers at work by the turn of the century. Among the important *incunables produced in the city was Sebastian Brant’s Narrenschiff (Ship of Fools, 1494 ), printed by Johann Bergmann von Olpe, easily the most popular book in German before the Reformation. Around 1500 , humanism and the Basle...

9 Missionary Printing

9 Missionary Printing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...missionaries had succeeded in printing catechisms in Japanese as early as 1865 . 6 Conclusion As Europeans began to travel to all corners of the earth beginning in the 15 th century, they were determined not only to conquer new lands but also to spread their faith. From *Gutenberg they had learned the power of the printed word, and were determined to use this revolutionary new technology to Christianize Asia. The impact of these efforts varied depending on a number of circumstances. The two most significant variables were the ability to wield control as...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
Johann Neumeister

Johann Neumeister  

(1430/40–1512),German printer who may have been a pupil of Gutenberg in Mainz. He worked from 1470 to 1474 in Foligno (near Assisi), where he published the first edition of ...
Schoeffer II, Peter

Schoeffer II, Peter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (c.1475×80–1547) Printer and punchcutter.Son of Gutenberg’s and Fust’s partner, he worked in Mainz, Worms, Strassburg, Basel, and Venice, probably cutting roman, italic, Greek, Hebrew, and music ...
Johann Mentelin

Johann Mentelin  

(c.1410–1478),German printer, born in Schlettstadt (now French Sélestat). In about 1468 he became the first printer in Strassburg. In 1460 Mentelin published a 49-line Bible, which enabled him to ...
movable type

movable type  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A printing system based on the use of separate elements to reproduce the individual symbols on a page. This technique was pioneered in China using ceramic pieces in the 11th century; the first ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...

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