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Johann Fust

(d. 1467), German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter ...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (c.1400–c.1466)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
44 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400– c. 1466 ), financed Gutenberg 's printing-press, which he later took over. It was managed for him by his son-in-law Peter Schöffer , who continued it after Fust's death. Fust is believed to have died of the plague in Paris while on a business...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (1467)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
66 words

..., Johann (d. 1467 ) German goldsmith . He financed Gutenberg 's experiments in printing, but the partnership between them was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin Psalter of 1457 is the first to bear a printer's imprint and date. Robert Browning wrote a dialogue, ‘Fust and his Friends’ (in Parleyings with Certain People...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
121 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400–1466 ), German printer, a Mainz lawyer who in 1450 lent Johann Gutenberg 800 gulden to finance the publication of the 42-line Bible. He subsequently invested another 800 gulden and became Gutenberg's partner. When Gutenberg became bankrupt in 1455 , Fust assumed control of the press together with his son-in-law Peter Schöffer . On 14 August 1457 Schöffer and Fust published the elegant Mainz Psalter, which was the first book to use colours, and in 1462 they published a two-volume Latin Bible. Their edition of Cicero 's De...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (c.1400)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
122 words

..., Johann ( b Mainz , c. 1400 ; d Paris , 30 Oct 1466 ). German printer . He was a lawyer who in 1450 lent johann Gutenberg 800 guilders to finance the publication of the 42-line Bible. He subsequently invested another 800 guilders and became Gutenberg's partner. When Gutenberg became bankrupt in 1455 , Fust assumed control of the press together with his son-in-law peter Schöffer . On 14 August 1457 Schöffer and Fust published the elegant Mainz Psalter, which was the first printed book to use colour, and in 1462 they published a two-volume Latin...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (1457–1466)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
294 words

..., Johann (active 1457–1466 ) , and Peter Schoeffer (active 1457–1503 ) Mainz printers . In 1448 , *Gutenberg borrowed money from the Mainz merchant Johann Fust to set up a press. Peter Schoeffer, who had studied at the University of Paris, became Gutenberg’s apprentice. A dispute between Fust and Gutenberg in 1454/5 resulted in the handing over of Gutenberg’s printing press to his former partners, who set up a workshop together, cooperating closely with local binders and illustrators. While Fust provided financial backing and managed the sales,...

Johann Fust

Johann Fust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(d. 1467),German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin ...
Schoeffer II, Peter

Schoeffer II, Peter  

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 (c.1475×80–1547) Printer and punchcutter.Son of Gutenberg’s and Fust’s partner, he worked in Mainz, Worms, Strassburg, Basel, and Venice, probably cutting roman, italic, Greek, Hebrew, and music ...
Mainz Psalters

Mainz Psalters  

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Overview Page
The first independent works (1457 and 1459) of Gutenberg’s former associates. Their imprints include dates and the names of Fust and Schoeffer. The 1457 psalter exists in two issues, the ...
Ulrich Zell

Ulrich Zell  

(d. 1507),German printer who established the first printing workshop in Cologne in 1464. In the course of his career he printed more than 200 titles, mostly works of theology ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

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Overview Page
 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...
Missale speciale

Missale speciale  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A smaller version, containing selections from the complete missal, drawn up for special needs. The best known is that which came to be called the Missale Speciale Constantiense (of Constance) ...
Peter Schöffer

Peter Schöffer  

(c.1425–c.1503),German printer. He was born in Gernsheim (Rhine) and by 1449 was working as a scriptor (i.e. manuscript copyist) in Paris. He later married Dyna (or Christina), the daughter ...
printer's device

printer's device  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A form of trade mark used by early printers (and subsequently by publishing booksellers) to establish their identity. The first recorded printer’s device consisted of two heraldic shields interlinked ...
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
catalogues of books, MS and print

catalogues of books, MS and print  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Catalogues record ownership, usually availability, sometimes noting donations or provenance, and are compiled with the purpose of publicly imparting this information. Catalogues of books, whether in ...
initial

initial  

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Overview Page
Deriving from the Latin initium (‘beginning’), the term ‘initial’ means the very first letter in the first word. This letter is that most likely to be engrossed or decorated in ...
Johann Gutenberg

Johann Gutenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and other works.
printing

printing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any automated or mechanical process of reproducing multiple copies of written text, pictures, and/or photographs, through the controlled application of inks or dyes onto a surface, or in the case of ...
Schöffer, Peter

Schöffer, Peter (c.1425–c.1502)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
20 words

...Peter (Gernsheim/Rhine, c. 1425– c. 1502 , Mainz), an early printer in Mainz, took over the press of his father-in-law, Johann Fust...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–1468)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
103 words

...Johann ( c. 1400–1468 ) The inventor of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz, he learned printing skills in Strasbourg, where he lived from 1434 . Returning to Mainz in 1444 , he borrowed money from Johann Fust ( c. 1400–1466 ) in 1448 , founding a press with him. Fust dissolved the partnership acrimoniously in 1455 , taking possession of the equipment and stock. Books published up to 1455 cannot be assigned certainly to Gutenberg or Fust or Fust's son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer ( c. 1425–1503 ), but the 42‐line Latin Bible (the ‘Gutenberg...

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