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Johann Agricola

(1494–1566), German reformer, born on 20 April 1494 in Eisleben and baptized as Johann Schneider; he subsequently changed his family name to Schnitter. He studied at Wittenberg ...

Agricola, Johann

Agricola, Johann   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
256 words

..., Johann ( 1494–1566 ), German reformer, born on 20 April 1494 in Eisleben and baptized as Johann Schneider ; he subsequently changed his family name to Schnitter. He studied at Wittenberg under Luther , whom he accompanied to the Leipzig disputation ; he also became a friend of Melanchthon . In 1526 he became headmaster of St Andrew's School in Eisleben, and thereafter worked for the reformed cause in Eisleben and Wittenberg. Agricola's fiery temperament led to a rift with Melanchthon, and in 1536 his advocacy of antinominanism led to a...

Agricola, Johann

Agricola, Johann (c.1494–1566)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
85 words

..., Johann ( c .1494–1566 ), German Protestant . He was a pupil and follower of M. Luther , but his antinomian views brought him into conflict first with P. Melanchthon and then with Luther . In 1540 he moved to Berlin, where he published a recantation which ended the conflict, at least officially. Johann II , Elector of Brandenburg, appointed him General-Superintendent ; he was associated with the preparation of the Augsburg Interim of 1548 and supported the traditional Lutherans against the Adiaphorists...

Agricola, Johann

Agricola, Johann (1492?–1566)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
742 words

...by Agricola. ——. Die Sprichwörtersammlungen . 2 vols. Edited by Sander L. Gilman . Berlin and New York, 1971. Secondary Sources Kawerau, Gustav . Johann Agricola von Eisleben: Ein Beitrag zur Reformationsgeschichte (1881). Reprint, Hildesheim and New York, 1977. The only scholarly biography. Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Steffen . Gesetz, Evangelium und Busse: Theologie-geschichtliche Studien zum Verhältnis zwischen dem jungen Johann Agricola (Eisleben) und Martin Luther . Acta Theologica Danica, vol. 16. Leiden, 1983. Koch, Ernst . Johann Agricola neben...

Agricola, Johann

Agricola, Johann (1494–1566)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
274 words

...proverbs ( 1528 , 1529 , 1548 ). Life by G. Kawerau (Berlin, 1881). J. Rogge , Johann Agricolas Lutherverständnis (Theologische Arbeiten, 14 [1960]). L. W. Spitz , The Religious Renaissance of the German Humanists (Cambridge, Mass., 1963), 20–40. B. Kordes , M. Johann Agricola's aus Eisleben Schriften möglichst vollständig verzeichnet (Altona, 1817; repr., Leipzig, 1973). T. J. Wengert , Law and Gospel: Philip Melanchthon's Debate with John Agricola of Eisleben over Poenitentia (1997). J. Rogge in TRE 2 (1978), 110–18, s.v. with bibl...

Agricola, Johann Friedrich

Agricola, Johann Friedrich (1720)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
58 words

..., Johann Friedrich ( b Dobitschen , 1720 ; d Berlin , 1774 ) German composer , organist , conductor , and singing teacher . Became court composer to Frederick the Great in 1751 , year after success of his first intermezzo Il filosofo convito in amore in Potsdam. Music dir., Berlin Opera 1759–72 . Besides opera in the It. style, comp. oratorios, songs and kbd...

Agricola, Johann Friedrich

Agricola, Johann Friedrich (4 Jan. 1720)   Reference library

Lalage Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
211 words

...Agricola, Johann Friedrich ( b Döbitschen, Saxe-Altenburg , 4 Jan. 1720 ; d Berlin , 2 Dec. 1774 ). German musicographer , composer , singing teacher , and organist . The son of a government official, he learnt music from an early age. He studied law at Leipzig University, taking lessons at the same time from J. S. Bach , before moving to Berlin in 1741 . Writing under the pseudonym Flavio Anicio Olibrio he published pamphlets in 1749 and 1751 on the French and Italian styles, favouring Italian music in opposition to F. W. Marpurg , who...

Johann Agricola

Johann Agricola  

(1494–1566),German reformer, born on 20 April 1494 in Eisleben and baptized as Johann Schneider; he subsequently changed his family name to Schnitter. He studied at Wittenberg under Luther, whom ...
Johann Friedrich Agricola

Johann Friedrich Agricola  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Dobitschen, 1720; d Berlin, 1774).Ger. composer, organist, conductor, and singing teacher. Became court composer to Frederick the Great in 1751, year after success of his first intermezzo Il ...
26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,145 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...as useful or edifying by the authorities. The first book produced for Finland was the Missale Aboense ( 1488 ), printed by Bartholomaeus Ghotan in Lübeck; during the 16 th century, almost all books for Finnish use were printed in Stockholm. Of special importance was *Agricola , who translated the New Testament ( 1548 ) and composed several religious books in Finnish. In Iceland, the Catholic bishop invited a Swedish printer c .1530 to Hólar; after the Reformation ( 1550 ), *Hólaprent remained the only Icelandic printing press. Many bishops were...

Interim of Augsburg

Interim of Augsburg  

The doctrinal formula accepted at the Diet of Augsburg in 1548 as the provisional basis of a religious settlement between Catholics and Protestants; it was intended to last until the Council of Trent ...
Heidelberg University

Heidelberg University  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Founded in 1386 by the Elector of the Palatinate Ruprecht I (1309–90), is one of Germany's oldest universities.Heidelberg University received a new impulse in the late 15th c. from ...
Heidelberg

Heidelberg  

German city in the Neckar valley, first mentioned in 1196, though its history goes back to its Roman military camp. Heidelberg gained the status of a city only in 1224. ...
antinomianism

antinomianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The belief held by various sects, but particularly by radical protestant movements of the 16th and 17th centuries, that certain chosen Christians are by faith or by predestination unable to sin, and ...
humanism

humanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A movement, grounded in scholarly studies of ancient literary texts, that informed the ideals and aims of the Renaissance.
antinomianism

antinomianism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
136 words

...At the Reformation, antinomian teaching emerged as a corollary of Luther 's doctrine of justification by faith alone. The German reformer Johann Agricola advocated antinomianism, which caused him to become involved in heated controversy with Luther. There was also an antinomian strain in Thomas Müntzer 's doctrine of inner revelation, which derived from the mystical theology of the fourteenth-century Dominican Johann Tauler ; the idea of inner revelation later emerged in England as the Quaker doctrine of ‘inner light’. The term ‘antinomianism’ was...

Agricola, Georgius

Agricola, Georgius (1494–1555)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
676 words

...problem particularly acute in pharmacology. The first product of these studies was a Renaissance dialogue, Bermannus ( 1530 ), that described Saxon mining. A friend sent the manuscript to Desiderius Erasmus , who arranged for publication by his own publisher, Johann Froben of Basel. Since Agricola's duties at Jáchymov were heavy, he resigned and in 1531 became town physician at Chemnitz, where he had more time for writing. He produced a book against the Turks ( 1531 ) and an influential study of ancient and modern weights and measures ( 1533 ). Most of...

Antinomianism

Antinomianism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,357 words

...one chapter on Luther's conflict with Agricola. Nestingen, James A. Luther: The Death and Resurrection of Moses . Dialog 22 (1983), 275–279. Growing out of the author's doctoral dissertation on an aspect of antinomianism, this article focuses on the theological import of Luther's position in the antinomian dispute with Agricola. Rogge, Joachim . Johann Agricolas Lutherverständnis unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Antinomismus . Berlin, 1960. This book is by far the most complete analysis of Johann Agricola and his relation to Luther and...

Trost, Tobias Heinrich Gottfried

Trost, Tobias Heinrich Gottfried (1679)   Reference library

Felix Friedrich

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
503 words

...admired his work, though he was often criticized for his treatment of schedules and deadlines. Among his pupils were Adam Gottlob Casparini, Johann Jacob Graichen, Johann Nikolaus Ritter, and Johann Christian Immanuel Schweinefleisch. Bibliography F. Friedrich : Der Orgelbauer Heinrich Gottfried Trost: Leben—Werk—Leistung (Leipzig, 1989) F. Friedrich : Die Orgelbauer Johann Tobias Gottfried Trost und Tobias Gottfried Heinrich Trost: Bibliographie zu Leben und Werk (Kleinblittersdorf, 1993) G. Stauffer and E. May : J.S. Bach...

Musculus, Andreas

Musculus, Andreas (1514–1581)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
457 words

...) before becoming a parish pastor in Frankfurt an der Oder (in Brandenburg), where his brother-in-law, Johann Agricola , directed ecclesiastical affairs. He became a professor of theology at the local university ( 1542 ) and worked to bring the Reformation to the surrounding countryside. His career was filled with controversy as he defended his understanding of Luther's teaching. His gentle opposition to the Augsburg Interim, in part authored by Agricola, gave way to sharp polemic against Andreas Osiander , Francis Stancarus , and Friedrich Staphylus . In...

Augsburg interim

Augsburg interim   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
198 words

...interim . In February 1548 the Emperor Charles V appointed a commission to negotiate a settlement between Protestants and Catholics. When the group failed to agree on the text of a settlement, the emperor commissioned Johann Agricola , Bishop Julius von Pflug , and Michael Helding (suffragan bishop of Mainz) to draft a doctrinal formula which might win the assent of both parties. The 26 articles of this statement of faith were shown in confidence to both sides and then accepted as the basis of an interim settlement by the Diet of Augsburg on 30...

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