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Johanan BenZakkai

Subject: Religion

First-century ce disciple of Hillel. Johanan took a prominent part in the controversies between the Pharisees, of which group he was leader, and the Sadducees. He is said to have been ...

Johanan ben Zakkai

Johanan ben Zakkai   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
104 words

... ben Zakkai (1st cent. ce ). Leading Jewish sage ( ḥakham ) after the destruction of the second Temple . As a teacher, Johanan is remembered for his precise examination of biblical texts and as the first sage known to have been engaged in merkabah mysticism . During the siege of Jerusalem , he managed to leave the city and was given permission by the Romans to join the sages of the bet din at Jabneh . Although he was not officially named nasi , he raised the status of the Jabneh group. Thus despite the catastrophic loss of the Temple, the...

Johanan Ben Zakkai

Johanan Ben Zakkai   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
360 words

...of the teacher for later Judaism. Each lived for the lifespan of Moses, the first great leader and lawgiver. The same applies to the legend for which Johanan is especially known. According to this very late legend, during the siege of Jerusalem in 70 ce , Johanan was smuggled out of Jerusalem to meet Vespasian, then a general but greeted by Johanan as the emperor be was destined to become. Johanan requested Vespasian to spare the city of Yavneh as a home for scholars and to preserve the House of the Nasi by affording protection to the young Gamaliel ,...

Johanan BenZakkai

Johanan BenZakkai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
First-century ce disciple of Hillel. Johanan took a prominent part in the controversies between the Pharisees, of which group he was leader, and the Sadducees. He is said to have been responsible for ...
Jabneh

Jabneh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Town to the east of Jerusalem. It came to prominence after the Fall of Jerusalem in 70 ce, when R. Johanan ben Zakkai was allowed by the Romans to establish ...
Rabbi Eliezer

Rabbi Eliezer  

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Religion
Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 40–120ce), one of the five most distinguished disciples of Rabban Johanan ben Zakkai, later to become one of the leading Rabbinic figures of his day and teacher of ...
Eliezer ben Hyrcanus

Eliezer ben Hyrcanus  

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Religion
(end of 1st cent. ce).Jewish tanna. Eliezer was described by Johanan b. Zakkai as outweighing all the sages of Israel (Avot 2. 8). Both literally and metaphorically, he regarded ...
Eleazar

Eleazar  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The name of various prominent Jewish tannaim and amoraim. Eleazar ben Arakh (late 1st cent. ce) was the most outstanding pupil of R. Johanan b. Zakkai who described him as ...
Hekhalot and merkabah

Hekhalot and merkabah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Early Jewish magic and mysticism connected with the palaces of heaven (hekhalot) and the chariot (merkabah) of Elijah by which he was carried up to heaven. Contemplation of the chariot ...
Merkabah mysticism

Merkabah mysticism  

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Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘Chariot’ mysticism).Jewish speculations on God's throne. Later Jewish mystics speculated on the prophet Ezekiel's vision of God's chariot, and such study was recognized to have particular ...
Rabbi Joshua

Rabbi Joshua  

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Religion
First to second centuries ce, one of the most distinguished of the early Rabbinic teachers known as the Tannaim. Rabbi Joshua was a disciple of Rabban Johanan ben Zakkai and a colleague of Rabbi ...
Academies

Academies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An established gathering of Jewish scholars. The Talmudic terms are yeshivot (‘sitting’), also bet ha-midrash (Heb., ‘House of Study’), bet din gadol (Heb., ‘the great house of law’), and metivta ...
Tannaim and Amoraim

Tannaim and Amoraim  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Talmudic Rabbis, the teachers whose views are recorded in the Talmudic literature. Both these terms are also found in the Talmud in connection with learning activity. In this context, a Tanna ...
Gamaliel

Gamaliel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Jewish rabbi who was the teacher of St Paul in his pre-Christian days. His tolerant views were exemplified in his attitude to St Peter and his companions (Acts 5: 34–40).

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