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Jesuit

Subject: History

A member of the Society of Jesus, which was formed in Paris in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola as a body of scholars and missionaries dedicated to the aims of the Counter-Reformation. ...

Jesuit

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
5 words

... See roman catholic church ....

Jesuit

Jesuit ([Rel.])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
87 words

... [Rel.] A member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of priests founded in 1534 by St Ignatius Loyola , Francis Xavier , and others to do missionary work throughout the world. The Jesuits have also been noted as educators and theologians. > The term ‘Jesuitical’ has acquired a pejorative use to describe a person who uses over-subtle, hair-splitting arguments He was as diligent as any Jesuit at arranging the arguments in every case under Pro and Contra and examining them thoroughly. Robertson Davies Tempest-Tost ...

Jesuit

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
116 words

... A member of the Society of Jesus, which was formed in Paris in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola as a body of scholars and missionaries dedicated to the aims of the Counter‐ Reformation . Jesuit churches, notably the Gesù in Rome, where Loyola is buried, were richly ornamented in a baroque style. English Jesuit priests, who were trained in France at Douai or Rheims for the English mission, were persecuted in the 16th century, particularly during the 1580s when a Spanish invasion to restore Catholicism appeared imminent. They were keen observers and reporters...

Jesuit

Jesuit   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
33 words

... . A member of the Society of Jesus, which was formed in Paris in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola as a body of scholars and missionaries dedicated to the aims of the Counter- Reformation...

Jesuit porcelain

Jesuit porcelain   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
71 words

... porcelain . Chinese porcelain made for export to the West in the 18th century. The monochrome decorations depicted Christian subjects such as the nativity and crucifixion. There is no evidence that the porcelain was commissioned by the Jesuits, but the European engravings on which the decorations were based may have been brought to China by Jesuit missionaries. The Religious Missions and Art, Orient. A ., xlvii/5 (2001), pp. 2–54 [special...

Jesuit architecture

Jesuit architecture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
87 words

... architecture A distinct architectural style may be detected in Jesuit churches from the end of C16. The Society of Jesus played an important role in the evolution of Baroque architecture, starting with Vignola and della Porta ’s Il Gesù , Rome, which served as a precedent for countless buildings (e.g. St-Roch , Paris, St Carolus Borromeus , Antwerp ( 1615–24 )). Theatrical interiors and two-storey façades were essential elements. Delen ( 1946 ) ; Moisy ( 1958 ) ; PM; Wi & Jaffé (eds) ( 1972...

Jesuit drama

Jesuit drama   Reference library

Alison Shell

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
355 words

... drama School drama performed in educational institutions run by members of the Jesuit order; the term is sometimes more generally used as a designation for Catholic university and school drama across Counter- Reformation Europe from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. Having much in common with the broader tradition of humanist religious drama, Jesuit drama nevertheless maintained a distinctive emphasis on Catholic proselytism, especially in areas where non-Catholics were likely to be in the audience , such as parts of Germany. Its...

Jesuit Drama

Jesuit Drama   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
680 words

... Drama , term used to describe a wide variety of plays, mainly in Latin, written to be acted by pupils in Jesuit colleges. Originally, as in other Renaissance forms of school drama , these were simply scholastic exercises, but over the years, particularly in Vienna under the influence of opera and ballet, they became full-scale productions involving elaborate scenery, machinery, costumes, music, and dancing, as well as an almost professional technique in acting and diction. The earliest mention of a play produced in a Jesuit college dates from 1551 ,...

Jesuit Relations

Jesuit Relations   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,064 words

... Relations . This is the collective name given to a series of reports sent from Quebec to the Provincial Father of the Society of Jesus in Paris and signed by the Quebec Superior. The first collective edition (Québec, 1858 ) was superseded by the scholarly work of Reuben Gold Thwaites, who added to these Relations a mass of personal letters, memoirs, journals, and other documents. His monumental edition, the 73 volumes of The Jesuit Relations and allied documents; travels and exploration of the Jesuit missionaries, in New France 1610–1791 , heavily...

Jesuit's bark

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A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...'s bark Cinchona bark; See quinine...

Fisher the Jesuit

Fisher the Jesuit (1569–1641)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
51 words

...the Jesuit ( 1569–1641 ), i.e. John Fisher , RC controversialist. His real name was Percy. Converted to the RC faith as a young man, he joined the Jesuits in 1594 . On the English mission he made many converts. His Anglican opponents included James I and W. Laud...

Fisher the Jesuit

Fisher the Jesuit (1569–1641)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
235 words

...Fisher the Jesuit ( 1569–1641 ) , i.e. John Fisher , RC controversialist. His real name was Percy. Born in Co. Durham, he was converted to the RC faith as a young man. After studying abroad, he joined the Jesuits in 1594 and served many years on the English mission, where he made a name for himself in private disputations and public controversy and own (among others) W. Chillingworth and the Countess of Buckingham to the Roman faith. Among his Anglican opponents were James I and Bps. F. White and W. Laud . Laud published in 1639 a lengthy ...

Jesuit Mission to the Mughal Court

Jesuit Mission to the Mughal Court   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Mission to the Mughal Court An interesting venture in the long history of Indian Christianity was the presence of a Jesuit mission in the Mughal court, which was started at the initiative of Emperor Akbar the Great . Impressed by reports that Christian priests had enjoined on their faithful in Bengal to pay their due taxes to the state, Akbar wanted to know more about the nature of the religion that taught its followers about ethical obligations toward an ‘alien’ authority. He may also have wanted to know more about the political power behind the trade...

Jesuit

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
15 words

... XVI. — F. Jésuite or modL. Jēsuīta , f. Jēsūs + - īta -ITE. Hence Jesuitical...

Jesuit

Jesuit n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
66 words

... n. [the contemporary suspicion of Jesuits, who were thus branded with a suitably repellent image] a male homosexual; thus the jesuits' fraternity , the world of homosexuality; Jesuit box , to masturbate. 1744 Machine 11: Selfish Letcher that does Jesuit box, / Or Huffling, Gigging, Semigigging, Larking, / Or that queer Practice, by the Cull call'd Barking. 1937–84 Partridge DSUE ( 1984 ) 617/2: c. 1630–1820...

Jesuit

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the sense dissembling or equivocating, in the manner once associated with Jesuits. Jesuits' bark an archaic term for cinchona bark, introduced into Europe from the Jesuit Missions in South...

Jesuit

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
127 words

... • acquit , admit, backlit, bedsit, befit, bit, Brit, Britt, chit, commit, demit, dit, emit, fit, flit, frit, git, grit, hit, intermit, it, kit, knit, legit, lickety-split, lit, manumit, mishit, mitt, nit, omit, outsit, outwit, permit, pit, Pitt, pretermit, quit, remit, retrofit, shit, sit, skit, slit, snit, spit, split, sprit, squit, submit, tit, transmit, twit, whit, wit, writ, zit • albeit , howbeit • poet • bluet , cruet, intuit, suet, Yuit • Inuit • floruit • Jesuit • Babbitt , cohabit, habit, rabbet, rabbit • ambit , gambit • jackrabbit •...

Jesuit

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Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
Jesuit

Jesuit   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
9 words
Jesuit

Jesuit   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
8 words

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