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Jean-Siméon Chardin

(b Paris, 2 Nov. 1699; d Paris, 6 Dec. 1779).

French painter of still-life and genre, in which fields he was one of the greatest masters of all time. (His ...

Chardin, Jean-Siméon

Chardin, Jean-Siméon (1699–1779)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
703 words

..., Jean-Siméon ( 1699–1779 ). French painter of still life and genre . He was the exact contemporary of Boucher but his contrast in every way, representing the naturalistic tendency that persisted through the 18th century alongside the more fashionable Rococo . Chardin was born in Paris and trained with the minor painter Pierre-Jacques Cazes ( 1676–1754 ). He had his first public success in 1728 when he exhibited The Rayfish (Paris, Louvre) at the annual open-air exhibition in the Place Dauphine. This led to his acceptance into the Académie...

Chardin, Jean-Siméon

Chardin, Jean-Siméon (2 Nov. 1699)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
728 words

..., Jean-Siméon ( b Paris, 2 Nov. 1699 ; d Paris, 6 Dec. 1779 ). French painter of still-life and genre , in which fields he was one of the greatest masters of all time. (His forenames have traditionally been given as Jean-Baptiste-Siméon, but the ‘Baptiste’ seems to have been a scribe’s error, and Jean-Siméon is now the accepted form.) He was the contemporary of Boucher and he briefly taught Fragonard , but his work is a contrast to theirs in every way, representing the naturalistic strain—influenced by 17th-century Dutch painting—that ran...

Chardin, Jean-Siméon

Chardin, Jean-Siméon   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
747 words

..., Jean-Siméon ( b Paris , 2 Nov. 1699 ; d Paris , 6 Dec. 1779 ). French painter of still life and genre , in which fields he was one of the greatest masters of all time. (His forenames have traditionally been given as Jean-Baptiste-Siméon, but the ‘Baptiste’ seems to have been a scribe's error, and Jean-Siméon is now the accepted form.) He was the contemporary of Boucher and he briefly taught Fragonard , but his work is a contrast to theirs in every way, representing the naturalistic strain—influenced by 17th-century Dutch painting—that ran...

Chardin, Jean‐Baptiste Siméon

Chardin, Jean‐Baptiste Siméon (1699–1779)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
128 words

..., Jean‐Baptiste Siméon ( 1699–1779 ). French painter . In 1737 he exhibited La Fontaine and La Blanchisseuse at the Salon, and the art collector Mariette recorded in 1759 that engravers competed for the right to reproduce them—often with a moralizing sub‐text. Chardin exhibited until 1773 in the Salon, where Diderot admired his deceptively direct, morally elevating genre scenes. He reserved his most unstinting praise, however, for the paint handling and naturalism of Chardin's still‐life subjects. Royalty, members of the aristocracy, and...

Jean-Siméon Chardin

Jean-Siméon Chardin  

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(b Paris, 2 Nov. 1699; d Paris, 6 Dec. 1779).French painter of still-life and genre, in which fields he was one of the greatest masters of all time. (His ...
Wildenstein

Wildenstein  

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Dynasty of French art dealers and writers. The family firm was founded in Paris in 1875 by Nathan Wildenstein (1851–1934), and under him became one of the world’s leading dealers ...
Goncourt brothers

Goncourt brothers  

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French men of letters, aesthetes, art collectors, and historians. Edmond (1822–96) and Jules (1830–70) de Goncourt began their literary career, which remained a close collaboration until the death ...
Jacques Aved

Jacques Aved  

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(b Douai, 12 Jan. 1702; d Paris, 4 Mar. 1766).French portrait painter. He was brought up in Amsterdam and earned the nickname Camelot (pedlar) because in his youth he ...
Nicolas-Bernard Lépicié

Nicolas-Bernard Lépicié  

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(b Paris, 16 June, 1735; d Paris, 14 Sept. 1784).French painter. His output included portraits and historical subjects, but he is best known for his domestic genre scenes, which have something of the ...
Luis Meléndez

Luis Meléndez  

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(b Naples, 1716; d Madrid, 11 July 1780).Spanish painter, active in Madrid. He painted various subjects, but from the 1760s he specialized in still life and is regarded as the finest Spanish painter ...
William Scott

William Scott  

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(b Greenock, nr. Glasgow, 15 Feb. 1913; d Coleford, Somerset, 28 Dec. 1989).British painter of still-life (usually involving kitchen objects) and abstracts. In 1937–9 he lived in France, and ...
Boston, Museum of fine arts

Boston, Museum of fine arts  

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Founded by a group of civic-minded patrons in 1870. At that time the collection was a very modest one of a few old masters from the Boston Athenaeum and prints ...
Charles-Nicolas Cochin

Charles-Nicolas Cochin  

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(1715–90).French designer and engraver of vignettes, frontispieces, and decorations for books. Among many other works he designed the frontispiece for Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie and was ...
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle

Jean-Baptiste Pigalle  

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(b Paris, 26 Jan. 1714; d Paris, 21 Aug. 1785).French sculptor. He studied under J.-B. Lemoyne and then in Rome (1736–40). In his early career he endured poverty and sickness (his studies in Rome ...
Pierre Subleyras

Pierre Subleyras  

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(b St-Gilles-du-Gard, 25 Nov. 1699; d Rome, 28 May 1749).French painter who settled permanently in Rome in 1728 after winning the Prix de Rome the previous year. He painted a variety of subjects, ...
pastel

pastel  

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A drawing or painting material consisting essentially of a stick of colour made from powdered pigments mixed with just enough resin or gum to bind them (in addition there is usually a mineral filler ...
Jean-Honoré Fragonard

Jean-Honoré Fragonard  

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(b Grasse, 5 Apr. 1732; d Paris, 22 Aug. 1806).French painter whose scenes of frivolity and gallantry are among the most complete embodiments of the Rococo spirit: he has been described as the ...
William McGregor Paxton

William McGregor Paxton  

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(1869–1941).Painter. A leading Boston artist, he favored exquisitely finished figural compositions, usually depicting leisured women in tastefully furnished, upper-class interiors. On occasion, ...
Salon

Salon  

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An annual exhibition of the work of living artists held by the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris, originally in the Salon d'Apollon in the Louvre in 1667.Salon des Refusés an ...
Emil Carlsen

Emil Carlsen  

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(1853–1932).Painter. As a leading American still life painter of the 1890s, he specialized in uncluttered, poetic arrangements of humble objects. Later attentive to aspects of impressionism and ...

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