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Jean Vilar

(b. Sète, Hérault, France, 25 March 1912; d. Sète, 28 May 1971) Actor and director. He studied under Dullin before discovering popular theatre with a touring company. After ...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean (25 March 1912)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
166 words

...traditions. Celebrated productions included Le Cid , Dom Juan and The Resistible Rise and Fall of Arturo Ui . He wrote three books on the theatre. Terry Hodgson D. Bradby & J. McCormack , People's Theatre (1978) G. Leclerc , Le TNP de Jean Vilar (1971) P. Wehle , Le Théâtre populaire selon Jean Vilar (1981) D. Whitton , Stage Directors of Modern France ...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
365 words

..., Jean ( 1912–71 ) French director and *actor-manager . Vilar acted his first major role in Paris in 1942 in *Synge 's The Well of the Saints . As founding director of the Compagnie des Sept, he won acclaim for productions of *Strindberg , *Molière , and *Eliot . Expanding *Copeau 's philosophy of popular theatre, Vilar founded and directed the *Avignon Theatre Festival from 1947 until his death, with the aim of bringing together troupes and spectators, especially young people, from all over Europe in a July holiday atmosphere to heal the...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean (1912–71)   Reference library

Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Jean ( 1912–71 ), French actor and director . He founded the Avignon Festival ( 1947 ) and was first manager of the Théâtre National Populaire ( 1951 ), where he promoted a demanding art, after Copeau , for vast audiences. He opened the Avignon Festival in the title role for Richard II ’s French première ( 1947 ), and played Macbeth in 1953 . Isabelle...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean   Reference library

Sarah Bryant-Bertail

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
534 words

..., Jean ( 1912–71 ) French director and actor-manager . As founding director of the Avignon Festival and manager of the Théâtre National Populaire , Vilar transformed the state-supported theatre from an elitist to a popular institution through several innovations: freedom of repertory, reform of technology and management policies, decentralization, and creation of new audiences . After attending university and Charles Dullin 's theatre school in Paris , Vilar completed military service and joined a touring company. Returning to Paris in 1942 ,...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean (1912–71)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
108 words

..., Jean ( 1912–71 ). French theatre‐director and actor , a leading figure in décentralisation and théâtre populaire . After training under Dullin and working in small independent arts theatres, he became frustrated with their narrow élitist horizons and devoted himself to ‘people's theatre’. He created two hugely successful institutions, the Festival d'Avignon and the TNP (the former Théâtre National Populaire), which he took over in 1951 . His production style was noted for its sparse, almost ascetic simplicity. His artistic policy, underpinned...

Vilar, Jean

Vilar, Jean (1912–71)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
378 words

..., Jean ( 1912–71 ), French actor, manager, and director, who worked under Dullin at the Atelier for some time before the Second World War, and during the occupation of France by the Germans joined a band of young actors, La Roulette, which toured the provinces. Back in Paris in 1943 he directed Strindberg 's The Dance of Death and Molière 's Don Juan and made a brief appearance in Synge 's The Well of the Saints before taking over the 100-seat Théâtre du Poche. He first came into prominence in 1945 with his production, first at the ...

Jean Vilar

Jean Vilar  

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(b. Sète, Hérault, France, 25 March 1912; d. Sète, 28 May 1971)Actor and director. He studied under Dullin before discovering popular theatre with a touring company. After spending the ...
Rafik al- Sabban

Rafik al- Sabban  

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(1933– )Syrian director and scriptwriter. After an apprenticeship with Jean Vilar in France in the late 1950s he returned to Damascus and launched a semi-professional troupe, introducing Greek ...
Bernard Sobel

Bernard Sobel  

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(1936– )French director. Strongly influenced by the Berliner Ensemble, Sobel's early work included assisting both Benno Besson and Jean Vilar. With Jacques Roussillon, he founded and co-directed the ...
Avignon Festival

Avignon Festival  

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Founded by Jean Vilar in 1947, as part of the decentralizing of French theatre. Vilar, director of the Théâtre National Populaire (1951–63), continued to develop the Festival until his death ...
Théâtre de l' Atelier

Théâtre de l' Atelier  

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Overview Page
Playhouse opened in 1922 by Charles Dullin in the old Théâtre Montmartre in Paris, originally built for melodramas in 1822, then converted to a cinema in 1914. As one of ...
Jean Vauthier

Jean Vauthier  

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(b. Grace-Berleur, nr Liège, Belgium, 20 Sept. 1910) Playwright. His plays, written in French, with two or three characters, e.g. Capitaine Bada (‘Captain Bada’, 1952) and Les Prodiges (‘The ...
Jérôme Savary

Jérôme Savary  

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(b. Buenos Aires, 27 June 1942)Actor, director and playwright. Famous as the leader of the Grand Magic Circus, much of Savary's work derives from the Living Theater, Jean Vilar ...
André Acquart

André Acquart  

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(b. Vincennes, Paris, 12 Nov. 1922)Designer. He began designing in Algiers, where he was educated, and in 1951 moved back to Paris, where he became a key figure in ...
Palais de Chaillot

Palais de Chaillot  

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Paris, Moresque building on the exhibition site opposite the Eiffel Tower, used by the first Théâtre National Populaire from 1920 to 1934. It was demolished in 1934 to make way ...
María Casares

María Casares  

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(b. Coruña, Spain, 21 Nov. 1922)Actress, who first appeared in a Paris production of Synge's Deirdre of the Sorrows (1943). Her enigmatic, almost haughty charm earned her leading roles ...
Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier

Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier  

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Formerly the Athénée Saint-Germain, the Vieux-Colombier was founded by Jacques Copeau in 1913 to put into practice his aim of purifying the theatre and creating ‘le tréteau nu’ (the bare ...
Jacques Lecoq

Jacques Lecoq  

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(1921–99)French teacher and theorist. Beginning as a teacher of physical education, Lecoq became one of the world's most influential theatre teachers in the second half of the twentieth century. ...
Ali Ben Ayed

Ali Ben Ayed  

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(1930–72)Tunisian actor, director, and manager who was central to the establishment of modern theatre in the country. In 1962 he was named manager of the Tunisian National Theatre, the ...
Dublin Theatre Festival

Dublin Theatre Festival  

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Overview Page
Created in 1957, this annual Irish event was fraught with controversy in its early years. Protests and arrests surrounded Alan Simpson's production of Tennessee Williams's The Rose Tattoo at the ...

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