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Jane Addams

Subject: Philosophy

(1860–1935) US social worker and reformer. With her friend Ellen Grates Starr, she opened Hull House in Chicago in 1889, a pioneer settlement house for workers and immigrants. A ...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ) US social reformer . In 1931 , she became the first US woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, sharing the prize with Nicholas M. Butler . In 1889 , she founded Hull House, Chicago, an early social settlement house. Addams pioneered labour, housing, health, and legal reforms, and campaigned for female suffrage and...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ), American social reformer, settlement house founder, pacifist, and writer. Addams was born 6 September 1860 in Cedarville, Illinois. Heir to her father's political sensibilities, Jane Addams's early heroes were Abraham Lincoln and Giuseppe Mazzini . A member of the first generation of college women, she found a way to put her social gospel and piety directly to work with the founding (with Ellen Gates Starr ) of Hull House, a settlement house in Chicago's immigrant ghetto. In 1889 , Addams claimed that democratic political...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

Ruth Crocker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ), settlement-house leader . Addams was born in Cedarville, Illinois. Her mother died when she was three; her father, a Quaker businessman and state legislator, subsequently remarried. Graduating from Rockford (Illinois) Female Seminary in 1881 , Addams entered the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania but dropped out because of illness. Eight years of foreign travel, vocational uncertainty, and unfocused anxiety ended when Addams and her friend Ellen Gates Starr purchased Hull House in 1889 as a “settlement house,” or...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane   Reference library

Ruth Crocker

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
491 words

...Addams, Jane ( 1860–1935 ), settlement-house leader. Addams was born in Cedarville, Illinois. Her mother died when she was three; her father, a Quaker businessman and state legislator, subsequently remarried. Graduating from Rockford (Illinois) Female Seminary in 1881 , Addams entered the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania but dropped out because of illness. Eight years of foreign travel, vocational uncertainty, and unfocused anxiety ended when Addams and her friend Ellen Gates Starr purchased Hull House in 1889 as a “settlement house,” or...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,150 words

...and Freedom ; and Women's Peace Oraganizations.] Primary Works Addams, Jane . Democracy and Social Ethics . Edited by Charlene Haddock Seigfried . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002. [Originally published in 1902.] Addams, Jane . Democracy or Militarism. In Jane Addams’s Writings on Peace: Volume 4 . Edited by Marilyn Fischer and Judy D . Whipps. Bristol , England: Thoemmes Press, 2003. [Originally published in 1899.] Addams, Jane . Newer Ideals of Peace. In Jane Addams’s Writings on Peace: Vol. 1 . Edited by Marilyn Fischer and Judy D...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
135 words

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ) A prominent pacifist, feminist, and sociologist, Addams is perhaps best known as the founder of Hull House, a settlement house that pioneered the provision of welfare services in Chicago, especially to indigent and immigrant women. By the turn of the century, Hull House had become a center of radical political and sociological activity, and exerted a powerful influence on the generation of University of Chicago urban sociologists that came to prominence in the 1920s ( See Chicago school of sociology ). Addams herself was deeply...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
53 words

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ), reformer and sociologist, founded the Chicago social settlement, Hull-House, in 1889 . Among her books are Democracy and Social Ethics ( 1902 ), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil ( 1912 ), Twenty Years at Hull-House ( 1910 ), Peace and Bread in Time of War ( 1922 ), and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House ( 1930...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
64 words

...Addams, Jane ( 1860–1935 ), reformer and sociologist , founded the Chicago social settlement, Hull-House, in 1889 . Among her books are Democracy and Social Ethics ( 1902 ), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil ( 1912 ), Twenty Years at Hull-House ( 1910 ), Peace and Bread in Time of War ( 1922 ), and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House ( 1930 )....

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
430 words

...World War I, an internationalist in the 1920s, and a civil libertarian, Addams was increasingly considered a radical by many Americans. Her Peace and Bread in Time of War ( 1922 ) was reviled by critics for its “extremist” views. However, in 1931 she was named corecipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Peggy Stinson , Jane Addams, in American Women Writers , ed. Lina Mainiero , vol. 1 (1979), pp. 20–23. Ursula Lehmkuhl , The Historical Value and Historiographic Significance of Jane Addams' Autobiographies ‘Twenty Years at Hull-House’ and ‘Second Twenty Years...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
601 words

...Becomes the Permanent ( 1932 ). The Jane Addams Peace Association was founded in 1945 as an educational affiliate of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. It sponsors the Jane Addams Children's Book Award each year, given to a book that promotes the ideals of peace, freedom, and equality. Addams died in Chicago on 21 May 1935 and was buried in Cedarville, Illinois. [ See also International League for Peace and Freedom and Settlement House Movement .] Bibliography Berson, Robin K. Jane Addams: A Biography . Westport, Conn.:...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
254 words

...women and working-class immigrants in particular, Addams was a cultural feminist who saw female values as inherently superior to those of men, and argued that a more productive and more peaceful society could be built by drawing on, and integrating, such values. Her commitment to pacifism made her a social pariah during the First World War, although in 1931 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. See Emily Cooper Johnson (ed.), Jane Addams: A Centennial Reader (1960) , and Mary Jo Deegan , Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School (1989)....

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

Louise W. Knight

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...; Gender and American Foreign Policy ; Internationalism ; Pacifism ; and Peace Movements .] Bibliography Addams, Jane . “Democracy or Militarism” (1899). In Writings on Peace , edited by Marilyn Fischer and Judy D. Whipps , pp. 1–4. New York: Continuum, 2005. Addams, Jane . Newer Ideals of Peace . New York: Macmillan, 1907. Addams, Jane . Peace and Bread in Time of War . New York: Macmillan, 1922. Knight, Louise W. Jane Addams: Spirit in Action . New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2010. Louise W....

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane   Reference library

Louise W. Knight

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...selection of Addams’s writings, some of them chapters from her books. Fischer, Marilyn, Carol Nackenoff, and Wendy Chmielewski, eds. Jane Addams and the Practice of Democracy . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009. A diverse selection of essays by leading Addams scholars from several disciplines. Knight, Louise W. Citizen: Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. An in-depth examination of Addams’s formative years, with an extensive bibliography and an afterword on the history of Addams scholarship....

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,881 words

...of Addams's papers is at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania. Why Women Should Vote (New York, 1912). “ A Modern Devil Baby, ” American Journal of Sociology 20 (1914): 117–18. The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (New York, 1930). The Excellent Becomes Permanent (New York, 1932). My Friend Julia Lathrop (New York, 1932). Jane Addams: A Centennial Reader , ed. (New York, 1960). The Social Thought of Jane Addams , ed. Christopher Lasch (Indianapolis, 1965). The Jane Addams Papers, 1860–1960 , 82 microfilm reels (Ann Arbor, Mich., 1984). Jane Addams on...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane (1860–1935)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
68 words

..., Jane ( 1860–1935 ) US social worker and reformer . With her friend Ellen Grates Starr, she opened Hull House in Chicago in 1889 , a pioneer settlement house for workers and immigrants. A pioneer of the new discipline of sociology, she had considerable influence over the planning of neighbourhood welfare institutions throughout the country. She was a leader of the women’s suffrage movement and an active pacifist....

Jane Addams

Jane Addams (1860–1935)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
50 words

...Jane Addams 1860 – 1935 Private beneficence is totally inadequate to deal with the vast numbers of the city's disinherited. Addams founded Hull House in Chicago, the first social settlement house in the U.S. She was co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 Twenty Years at Hull House ,...

Jane Addams

Jane Addams (1860–1935)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
119 words

...0Jane Jane Addams 1860 – 1935 American social worker A conception of Democracy not merely as a sentiment which desires the well-being of all men, nor yet as a creed which believes in the essential dignity and equality of all men, but as that which affords a rule of living as well as a test of faith. Democracy and Social Ethics (1902) conception of democracy affords a rule of living test of faith The cure for the ills of Democracy is more Democracy. Democracy and Social Ethics (1902) The new growth in the plant swelling against the sheath, which...

Jane Addams

Jane Addams (1860–1935)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
150 words

...0Jane Jane Addams 1860 – 1935 American social worker A conception of Democracy not merely as a sentiment which desires the well-being of all men, nor yet as a creed which believes in the essential dignity and equality of all men, but as that which affords a rule of living as well as a test of faith. Democracy and Social Ethics (1902) conception of democracy affords a rule of living test of faith The cure for the ills of Democracy is more Democracy. Democracy and Social Ethics (1902); see smith cure for the ills of Democracy cure for the ills...

Addams, Jane Laura

Addams, Jane Laura (6 Sept. 1860)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
215 words

...Addams, Jane Laura (b. Cedarville, Illinois , 6 Sept. 1860 ; d. Chicago , 21 May 1935 ) US social reformer The daughter of a prosperous miller and state senator, she graduated from Rockford Female Seminary in 1881 . With her friend Ellen Gates Starr , she opened Hull House in Chicago in 1889 , a settlement house for immigrants and workers modelled on Toynbee Hall in London, with the aim of attacking urban poverty. One of the leading activists of the Progressive movement, she was a pioneer in the new discipline of sociology, advocating better...

Addams, Jane

Addams, Jane   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
47 words

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