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Jan van Riebeeck

Subject: History

(1610–77) Governor of Cape Town (1652–62) and the founder of European settlement in South Africa. He was sent by the Chamber of Amsterdam to found a refreshment station at Cape ...

Riebeeck, Jan van

Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
111 words

..., Jan van ( 1610–77 ) Governor of Cape Town ( 1652–62 ) and the founder of European settlement in South Africa . He was sent by the Chamber of Amsterdam to found a refreshment station at Cape Town for Netherlands vessels sailing to the East Indies and arrived there on 6 April 1652 with 125 men. As commander he organized a simple government and ruled for ten years. He followed Dutch East India Company policy in regarding the station as an opportunity for profit rather than for colonization. Growing corn and vines and rearing cattle were permitted, but...

Van, Riebeeck, Jan

Van, Riebeeck, Jan (1619)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
818 words

...Van, Riebeeck, Jan ( 1619 – 1677 ) , Dutch merchant and founder of Cape Town, South Africa, was born on 21 April 1619 in Culemborg, the Netherlands. Born Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, Jan, as he was known from his childhood onward, was trained as a medical surgeon, like his father before him. Van Riebeeck is known as the father of Afrikanerdom, as his establishment of Cape Town in 1652 led to the migration of tens of thousands of settlers from northwest Europe, who eventually became the Boer or Afrikaner ethnic group who settled in South Africa....

Jan van Riebeeck

Jan van Riebeeck  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1610–77)Governor of Cape Town (1652–62) and the founder of European settlement in South Africa. He was sent by the Chamber of Amsterdam to found a refreshment station at Cape Town for Netherlands ...
Cape Town

Cape Town (Western Cape/South Africa)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Cape Town ( Afrikaans: Kaapstad ), Western Cape/South Africa ( Riebeecks Stad, Cabo de Goede Hoop, De Kaap ) Founded in 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck ( 1619–77 ) of the Dutch East India Company as Riebeeck’s Town, then as ‘Cape of Good Hope’ and later as ‘The Cape’. It was intended to be a food supply depot for Dutch ships sailing between the Netherlands and the Indies. Occupied by the British in 1795 , it had already been referred to as Cape Town for some 20 years. It is the legislative capital of South...

Cape of Good Hope

Cape of Good Hope   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Exploration

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History
Length:
684 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Hope. Benjamin van der Gucht, The Cape of Good Hope (1736). Here we recognize many of the same landforms as on John Sellers's landfall. By now, the Dutch colony on the cape was well established. The British Library/HIP/Art Resource Although the Portuguese admiral Antonio de Saldanha climbed the “Table of the Cape” in 1503 , it was Joris van Spilbergen who named Table Bay in 1601 . The English claimed the bay and adjoining continent in 1620 . To forestall them, the directors of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) sent out Jan van Riebeeck to establish...

coins and medals

coins and medals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
420 words

...a medal, governments universally reject the private manufacturer of coins. Hence medical subjects on coins are uncommon, governments remaining conservative in selecting only the most worthy medical practitioners and medical discoveries to be honored. One such example is Jan van Riebeeck, surgeon and founder (in 1652 ) of Cape Town. Millions of coins bearing his effigy circulated in southern Africa in the 20th century. Another example is the A$1 coin, issued in 1998 to commemorate the centenary of the birth of Lord Florey , a discoverer of the clinical...

Dutch Literature

Dutch Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
4,072 words

...Gelder, Roelof van , Jan Parmentier , and Vibeke Roeper . Souffrir pour parvenir: De wereld van Jan Huygen van Linschoten . Haarlem, Netherlands: Arcadia, 1998. Includes a bibliography of works by Linschoten. Habiboe, R. R. F. Tot verheffing van mijne natie: Het leven en werk van François Valentijn (1666–1727) . Franeker, Netherlands: Van Wijnen, 2004. Lach, Donald F. , and Edwin J. Van Kley . Asia in the Making of Europe . Vol. 3: A Century of Advance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. Parr, Charles MacKew . Jan Huygen van Linschoten: The...

South Africa

South Africa   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
1,544 words
Illustration(s):
4

...continued S into the well-watered zones below the Fringing Escarpment of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape. By the 18th century, these people had reached the SE. They formed large groups, including the Zulu , Xhosa , Sotho and Tswana. The first European settlement was led by Jan van Riebeeck, who founded a supply base for the Dutch East India Company in 1652 on the site of present-day Cape Town. Some Company employees set up their own farms using native slaves, and became known as Boers (farmers). Britain took over the Cape Town settlement in the early 19th...

Chenin

Chenin   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,015 words

...France’s 2011 total of just under 10,000 ha/24,700 acres which remained unchanged for a decade. On the Cape, Chenin is prized for its acidity, productivity, and good resistance to disease and wind. The vine may have been one of the original collection imported in 1655 by Jan van Riebeeck. A dedicated band of Chenin Blanc specialists has emerged in South Africa, focusing on the best sites and on restoring to high-quality production old vineyard blocks. In the 1980s, california also had more Chenin planted than France, but total plantings had fallen to about...

Travelers’ Accounts as Sources

Travelers’ Accounts as Sources   Reference library

Adam Jones

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
7,053 words
Illustration(s):
3

...remarkable. The Dutch counterpart, founded in 1908 , is the Linschoten-Vereeniging, which publishes similar editions but limits these to Dutch travelers, whereas the Hakluyt Society’s coverage is universal. This was followed in South Africa by the founding in 1918 of the Van Riebeeck Society, which has published a volume of primary material (mainly travel accounts) on southern Africa annually since then. In the 1960s the International Union of Academies launched a project entitled Fontes Historiae Africanae, intended to run parallel to the United Nations...

South Africa

South Africa   Reference library

John Platter and Michael Fridjhon

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
4,094 words
Illustration(s):
1

... tartrate removal procedures before bottling ( see soil acidity ). History The father of the South African wine industry was a 33-year-old Dutch surgeon sent to establish a market garden to reduce the risks of scurvy on the long sea passage between Europe and the Indies. Jan van Riebeeck, the Cape’s first European settler, was a reluctant pioneer, and no viticulturist. But his brief was to set up a supply station for dutch east india company sailors on the spice routes; and the Cape’s mediterranean climate suggested vines might well flourish. Seven years...

South Africa

South Africa   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
9,153 words

...a decidedly local theme: Jack at the Cape, or All Alive among the Hottentots , was performed before a backdrop of Table Mountain, the famous mountain that itself provides a dramatic backdrop for the city of Cape Town. All this took place less than two hundred years after Jan van Riebeeck established a supply post at the Cape of Good Hope for the Dutch East India Company in 1652 and thus created the first permanent European settlement in southern Africa. Descendants of the original Dutch settlers, the Boers (literally, “farmers”), developed the Afrikaner...

African Law, Sub-Saharan

African Law, Sub-Saharan   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
36,117 words
Illustration(s):
11

...of 1948–1949 recognized the collective ownership of land, under certificates of occupancy, by African families, communities, cooperatives, or other associations. Dutch Colonization: The Cape Colony. European law arrived in southern Africa when the Dutch fleet commanded by Jan van Riebeeck landed at the Cape of Good Hope on April 7, 1652. Contrary to the original intention merely to establish a fort and refreshment station on the trade route to the Dutch East Indies, the settlement five years later of a few Dutch farmers inaugurated a permanent, expanding...

Autshumao

Autshumao (1600)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
544 words

...death, and certainly after the publication of the diaries of Jan van Riebeeck, on which most knowledge about Autshumao is based, his role as a—rather picaresque—hero of resistance to colonialism has been developed. One of the ferries to Robben Island is named after him. [ See also Krotoa ; and Van Riebeeck, Jan. ] bibliography Elphick, R. Kraal and Castle: Khoikhoi and the Founding of White South Africa . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979. Thom, H. B. , ed. Journal of Jan van Riebeeck, 3 vols. Cape Town, South Africa: Balkema, 1952–1958....

Krotoa

Krotoa (1640)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,201 words

...and often worked for tobacco, food, and drink. From roughly the age of twelve, Krotoa lived in the household of Jan Van Riebeeck, the first commander of the settlement. The Dutch may have kidnapped Krotoa, forcing her into service. However, it is more likely that her uncle sent her as a token of good will to learn about Dutch customs. Given the Dutch name of Eva (consistently used in written records), Krotoa became a close companion of Van Riebeeck’s two nieces and his wife, who taught her about Christianity and Dutch culture. Living within the small Dutch fort...

Dutch empire

Dutch empire: 1595 - 1975  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...islands, Amboina and Ternate Molucca Islands Oxford Dictionary of English 3 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Commerce and industry European empires from 1415 Asia East Asia Southeast Asia Europe Society Empires 1652 1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) A Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa South Africa (republic) Europe Empires 1656 1656 After a six-month siege,...

South Africa (republic)

South Africa (republic): c. 600 BCE - 2008  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...the Cape of Good Hope Cape of Good Hope The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 15th century Exploration European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Portuguese empire Africa South Africa Europe Society Empires 1652 1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) A Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Dutch empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa Europe Empires 1657 1657 The Dutch in South Africa purchase...

South Africa

South Africa: c. 15 million years ago - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Mozambique A Dictionary of World History 2 15th century 16th century Politics Conquest and colonization Commerce and industry European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Portuguese empire Africa Europe Society Empires 1652 1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) A Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Dutch empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa (republic) Europe Empires 1657 1657 The Dutch in South Africa...

17th century

17th century: c. 1600 - 1700  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...and England are merged under English parliamentary rule, in a forced union which lasts eight years Cromwell, Oliver (1599–1658) A Dictionary of World History 2 Britain 1500-1750 Politics Scotland British Isles Europe Britain 1652 1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) A Dictionary of World History 2 Politics Conquest and colonization Dutch empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa South Africa (republic) Europe Empires 1652 1652 A clash at sea between...

European empires in Africa

European empires in Africa: 1415 - 1990  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...of the Senegal river in west Africa Senegal River Encyclopedia of Africa 1 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Commerce and industry European empires from 1415 French empire Africa West Africa Europe Society Empires 1652 1652 Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) A Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Dutch empire European empires from 1415 Africa South Africa South Africa (republic) Europe Empires 1657 1657 The Dutch in South Africa purchase...

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